Aperire sectionem principem
Animalia
Aetas fossilium: 670–0 Ma
Taxinomia
Regio: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Linnaeus, 1758
Subregna

Parazoa
Eumetazoa

Synonyma

Animalia[1] (-ium, n.) (ab anima), seu Metazoa (-orum, n.), in biologia hodie appellantur illa copia rerum viventium quae simul sunt eukaryoticae, heterotrophicae, et multicellulares, et quae motiles aliquando in circulo vitae embryonice per blastulas evoluta sunt. Animalia cuncta quoque parietibus cellularibus duris et chloroplastis omnino carent. Scientia quae animalia investigat zoologia appellatur.

Regnum Animale sive fauna hodie ponitur unum ex sex regnorum rerum viventium. Animalis definitio, quae rei interest, se per aetates evolvens hodie ab animalibus excludit protozoa, quae potius in regno Protistorum cum protophylis et aliis organsimis unicellularibus locatur. In Historia naturae ab Carolo Linnaeo scripta, animalia partiebantur in paucas classes: Vermes, Insecta, Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves, Mammalia; hodie autem regnum in multis phylis consistit, unumquodque plures classes continens.

Index

Systema taxinomicum regni animaliumRecensere

Supraimperium: Biota

Nexus interni

NotaeRecensere

  1. Quoddam blog.
  2. Confer Protozoa quae unam cellulam habent et hodie classificatur in Protistorum regnum.

BibliographiaRecensere

  • Baguñà, J., et M. Riutort. 2004. Molecular Phylogeny of the Platyhelminthes. Canadian Journal of Zoology 82:168–193.
  • Brusca, Richard C., et Gary J. Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. Sinauer.
  • Dunn, C. W., A. Hejnol, D. Q. Matus, K. Pang, W. E. Browne, S. A. Smith, E. Seaver, G. W. Rouse, M. Obst, G. D. Edgecombe, M. V. Sørensen, S. H. D. Haddock, A. Schmidt-Rhaesa, A. Okusu, R. Møbjerg Kristensen, W. C. Wheeler, M. Q. Martindale, et G. Giribet. 2008. "Broad Phylogenomic Sampling Improves Resolution of the Animal Tree of Life." Nature 452:745–749.
  • Gaidos E., T. Dubuc, M. Dunford, P. Mcandrew, J. Padilla-Gamino, B. Studer, K. Weersing, et S. Stanley. 2007. The Precambrian Emergence of Animal Life: A Geobiological Perspective. Geobiology 5:351–373.
  • Nielsen, Klaus. 2001. Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla. 2a editio. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press.
  • Philippe, H., R. Derelle, P. Lopez, K. Pick, C. Borchiellini, N. Boury-Esnault, J. Vacelet, E. Renard, E. Houliston, E. Quéinnec, C. Da Silva, P. Wincker, H. Le Guyader, S. Leys, D. J. Jackson, F. Schreiber, D. Erpenbeck, Wörheide G. Morgenstern, et M. Manuel. 2009. Phylogenomics Revives Traditional Views on Deep Animal Relationships. Current Biology 19.
  • Schmidt-Nielsen, Knut. 1997. Animal Physiology: Adaptation and Environment. 5a editio. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press.
  • Shalchian-Tabrizi, K., M. A. Minge, M. Espelund, R. Orr, T. Ruden, K. S. Jakobsen, et T. Cavalier-Smith. 2008. Multigene Phylogeny of Choanozoa and the Origin of Animals. PLoS ONE 3:e2098.
  • Steenkamp, E. T., J. Wright, et S. L. Baldauf. 2006. The Protistan Origins of Animals and Fungi. Molecular Biology and Evolution 23:93–106.

Nexus externiRecensere