Aperire sectionem principem

Index Imperatorum ConstantinopolitanorumRecensere

Imperium Romanum orientaleRecensere

Effigies Nomen Nomen indigenum Imperii anni Notae
Domus Constantina
  Constantinus I Flavius Valerius Constantinus 324–337 Filius Constanti I ex anno 306/307 imperator occidentalis imperii (usque ad annum 310 munere Caesaris fungens); Caesares: Crispus (usque 326), Dalmatius (ex 335 in Illyrico); Rex: Hannibalianus (ex 335/36, Cappadocia?)
Calocaerus ignotum 334? usurpator in Cypro insula
  Constantius II Flavius Iulius Constantius 337–361 Caesar ex anno 324, usque 340 una cum Constantino II (imperator occidentalis), cum Constante (338–339, augustus partis occidentalis 350) et Vetranione (350 cum Constantinam in matrimonium duxit), totius imperii augustus per annos 350/353–360; Caesar: Constantius Gallus (351–354, Syria)
Patricius ignotum 351/52 Rex proclamatus in Palaestina
  Iulianus Flavius Claudius Iulianus 361–363 Totius imperii augustus, ex anno 360 imperator partis occidentalis (Caesar ex 355)
Imperatores sui iuris
  Iovianus Flavius Iovianus 363–364 totius imperii augustus (cum abnegaverit Salutius), 364 cum Varroniane
Domus valentiniano-theodosiana
  Valens Flavius Valens 364–378 usque 375 una cum Valentiniano I (in imperio occidentali), 369–370/372 cum Galate; imperante quidem Domnica (378)
  Procopius ignotum 365–366 usurpator Constantinopoli; successor: Marcellus (366, Bithynia)
Theodorus ignotum 371 usurpator (?) in Syria
  Theodosius I Flavius Theodosius 379–395 usque 383 una cum Gratiano (imperator occidentalis), 388–391 etiam in occidentali parte (cum Valentiniano II), ex anno 392/394 totius imperii augustus
  Arcadius Flavius Arcadius 395–408 augustus orientalis partis ex anno 383, 393–394 cum Honorio (imperator occidentalis usque 423); regnantibus: Rufino (395), Eutropio (395–399), Gaina (399, usurpator 400), Eudoxia (400−404)
  Theodosius II Flavius Theodosius 408–450 augustus ex anno 402, 423 totius imperii augustus, 439 cum Arcadio II (?); Caesar: Valentinianus III (424–425, imperator occidentalis 455); regnantibus: Anthemio (usque 414), Pulcheria (414–416/423, 450)
  Marcianus Flavius Marcianus 450–457 per Pulcheriam atque Asparum imperans, ex anno 456 totius imperii augustus
Domus Thracica
  Leo I Flavius (Valerius?) Novus Leo 457–474 per Asparum imperans, 465–467 et 472–473 totius imperii augustus; Caesares: Anthemius (467, imperator occidentalis usque 472), Patricius (469/70–471)
  Leo II Flavius Leo Iunior 474ti augustus ex anno 473 (Caesar ex 472); Caesar (?): Iulius Nepos (augustus in parte occidentali usque 475/480)
  Zeno Flavius Zeno 474–491 474 augustus cum Leone II, 475–476 in Ciliciam relegatus, ex anno 480 totius imperii augustus; Caesar: Leo (476–477/78); agnovit praeterea Gensericum imperatorem in Africa
  Basiliscus Flavius Basiliscus 475–476 contra Zenonem, cum Marco (Caesar 475)
  Hunericus ignotum 477–484 more imperatoris in Africa regnavit
Marcianus Flavius Marcianus 479–480 usurpator Constantinopoli atque in Galatia
Iustasas ignotum 484? proclamatus rex in Palaestina
  Leontius ignotum 484–488 usurpator in Syria atque Cilicia (per Illum et Verinam)
Masties ignotum 484–494? usurpator (?) in Numidia (contraHunericum et Gunthamundum); successor (?): Masuna (508−535?, Mauretania)
  Odoacer Flavius Odovacer 490–493 usurpator in Italia (dominium tenuit ex anno 476/480); Caesar: Thela
  Anastasius I Flavius Anastasius 491–518 per Ariadnem imperans; agnovit Theodericum regem Ostrogothorum, Chlodovicum regem Francorum necnon Sigismundum patricios Italiae Galliaeque
Longinus Flavius Longinus 491–492 usurpator Constantinopoli; successor: Longinus, Athenodoros (uterque usque 497, Isaurien)
Burdunellus ignotum 496–497 usurpator in Hispania (contra Alaricum II); successor: Petrus (506)
Vitalianus Flavius Vitalianus 513–515 usurpator (?) in Thracia atque Moesia; antecessor: Areobindos (512, Constantinopolis)
Domus Iustiniana
  Iustinus I Flavius Iustinus 518–527 necari curavit Theocritum, agnovit Athalaricum patricium Italiae
  Iustinianus I Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus 527–565 augustus 527 (Caesar ex 525), cum Theodora I (usque 548) et Germano (550); imperio depulit Gelimerum et Vitichem patricios
Iulianus Iulianus Sabarides 529 rex proclamatus in Palaestina
Hypatius Flavius Hypatius 532 usurpator Constantinopoli, cum Pompeio
  Theudebertus Theodebertus Victor 533–547/48 imperatoris more in Gallia regnavit
  Theodahadus Flavius Theodahatus 535–536 imperatoris more in Italia regnavit
Stotzas ignotum 536–545 usurpator in Africa; successor: Guntarithus (usque 546, cum Ioanne)
Ioannes Ioannes Cottistis 537 usurpator in Mesopotamia
  Totila ignotum 541/42–552 usurpator in Italia; antecessor: Hildebaldus (540–541, imperio a Belisario negato), Eraricus' (541); successor: Teia (552)
  Iustinus II Flavius Iustinus 565–578 necari curavit Iustinum; imperatrix: Sophia (ex 573)
  Leovigildus Flavius Leovigildus 572/73–586 more imperatoris in Hispania regnavit
  Tiberius I Flavius Tiberius Novus Constantinus 578–582 augustus 578 (Caesar ex anno 574); Caesar: Germanus (582, usurpator 602–603 et 605/607?)
  Mauricius Flavius Mauricius Novus Tiberius 582–602 582 Caesar et augustus, ex anno 590 cum Theodosio (Caesar ex 587, 603[–611] usurpator per voluntatem Chosrois II proclamatus in Mesopotamia) et (?) Tiberio
Abaskirum ignotum 583–588? usurpator (?) in Aegypto
Authari Flavius Autharius 584–590 more imperatoris in Italia septentrionali regnavit
Imperatores sui iuris
  Phocas Flavius Focas 602–610 contra Mauricium cum Domentiolo (ex 603/04) et Prisco (606/07)

Domus HeracleaRecensere

Effigies Nomen  Nomen indigenum Imperii anni Notae
Domus Heraclea
  Heraclius Flavius Heraclius
Phlabios Hērakleios
610–641 contra Phocam (per Heraclium seniorem, usurpator in Africa ex 608); Caesar: Constantinus (617–631?)
Comentiolus ignotum 610–611 usurpator (?) in Galatia
Ioannes Ioannes Compsinus 616–617 usurpator (?) in Italia occidentali
Eleutherius ignotum 619–620 usurpator in Italia
Vahan Baanēs (Korkhorouni?) 636 usurpator (?) in Palaestina
Athalarich Iōannēs Athalarichos 637? usurpator Constantinopoli
  Constantinus III Phlabios Hērakleios ho Neos Kōnstantinos 641 augustus ex 613, cum Heraklonas
  Heraclonas Kōnstantinos Hērakleios 641 augustus ex 638 (Caesar ex 632), cum David Tiberio (Caesar ex 638) et Martino (Caesar ex 639); imperatrix: Martina
  Constans II Phlabios Hērakleios Kōnstantinos ho Pōgōnatos 641–668/69 641 Caesar imperante Constantino III et augustus sub Heraclona, regnantibus Valentino (642–643/44, Caesar 642?, usurpator 641 et 644/45), Gregoria (?, usque 649, cum Paulo)
Mauricius Chartularius Maurikios ho Chartoularios 643 usurpator Romae
Gregorius Phlabios Grēgorios 646/47–647/48 usurpator in Africa; successor (?): Gennadius (664–665?)
Olympius ignotum 650–651/52 usurpator in Italia
Theodorus Theodōros Rechtouni (Pasagnathēs?) 651/52–652/53 usurpator (?) in Armenia
Saborius ignotum 667–668 usurpator in Ponto (thema Armeniacum)
  Constantinus IV Phlabios Kōnstantinos 668/69–685 augustus ex 654, 659–681 cum Heraclio etTiberio; agnovit Perctaritum et Asparuchum reges Italiae necnon Moesiae
  Mizizius Gnouni 668/69 usurpator in Sicilia; successor (?): Ioannes (678?)
  Iustinianus II Phlabios Ioustinianos ho Rhinotmētos 685–695
705–711
augustus ex 681
contra Tiberium II, ex 706 cum Tiberio; Caesar: Tervel (Moesia/Bulgaria)
Georgius ignotum 710/11 usurpator (?) in Italia meridionali
Imperatores sui iuris
  Leontius Leōn 695–698 contra Iustinianum II
  Tiberius II Tiberios Apsimaros 698–705 contra Leontium
  Philippicus Philippikos Bardanēs 711–713 contra Iustinianum II
  Anastasius II Artemios Anastasios 713–715/16 contra Philippicum, relegatus ex anno 715 in Bithyniam (thema Opsicium), usurpator 717/719
  Theodosius III Theodosios (Kōnstantinos?) ho Adramytinos 715–717 contra Anastasium II, 717 cum Tiberio (?)

Aetas iconoclasmiRecensere

Effigies Nomen Nomen indigenum Imperii anni Notae
Domus Isaurica
  Leo III (Phlabios) Leōn ho Isauros 717–741 contra Theodosium III
Basilius Onomagulus Tiberios Basileios Onomagoulos 717–717/18 usurpator in Sicilia (per Sergium)
Cosmas ignotum 727 usurpator in Thessalia
  Tiberius Tiberius Petasius 729–730 usurpator in Italia
Beser Bēseros Tiberios 737 usurpator (?, nomine „Tiberii“) in Asia Minore (per Hischam)
  Constantinus V Kōnstantinos 741–775 augustus ex 720, Exil 742–743 in Phrygien (Anatolicum); Caesares: Christophoros et Nicephorus(uterque 769–776; usurpator 780, 792, 797?, 799? et 812?)
  Artabasdus Artabasdus ho Eikonophilos 741/42–743 contra Constantinum V, ex anno 742/43 cum Nicephoro atque Niceta
Constantinus Podopagurus Kōnstantinos ho Podopagouros 766 usurpator (?) Constantinopoli, cumStrategio
  Arichis ignotum 774–787 imperatoris more in Italia meridionali regnavit (787 agnotus rex)
  Leo IV Leōn ho Chazaros 775–780 augustus ex 751
  Constantinus VI Kōnstantinos 780–797 augustus ex 776 atque nominatim 790
Elpidius ignotum 781–792 usurpator in Sicilia, ex anno 782 usurpator in caliphatu Abbasidarum
Alexius Musele Alexios Mousele/Mosēle 792 usurpator (?) Constantinopoli
  Irene Eirēnē (Sarantapēchaina) hē Athēnaia 790
797–802
Regentin ex 780, cum Stauracio (799–800 usurpator [?] Constantinopoli et in Cappadocia)
augustusin ex 792, 801/02 cum Leone; regnante Aetio (ex 800)
Domus Nicephoriana
  Nicephorus I Nikēphoros (Gabalas) ho Logothetēs 802–811 contra Irenam
Bardanes Bardanēs ho Tourkos 803 usurpator in Phrygia (thema Anatolicum) et Bithynia
Arsaber Arsabēr (Kamsarakan?) 808 usurpator Constantinopoli
  Stauracius Staurakios 811 augustus ex 803
  Michael I Michaēl Rhangabe 811–813 cum Theophylacto; Carolum magnum imperatorem occidentalem agnovit
Imperatores sui iuris
  Leo V Leōn ho Armenios 813–820 contra Michael I., ex 813/14 cum Constantino
Domus Amorica
  Michael II Michaēl ho Psellos 820–829 contra Leo V.
  Thomas Thōmas (Kōnstantinos?) 821–823 usurpator (nomine „Constnatini VI“?) in Asia Minore (per al-Ma'mūn) et Thracia, Constantio (821) et Anastasio (ex 821/22); successor: Choireas (Lycaonia/Anatolicum), Gazarenos (Galatia/thema Bucellarium, uterque usque 824)
Euphemius Euphēmios 826–827 usurpator in Sicilia
  Theophilus Theophilos 829–842 augustus ex 821/22, 830/833–835 cum Constantino; Caesar: Alexius Musele (831/836–840)
Theophobus Nasar Theophobos ho Perses 838–839 usurpator in Paphlagonia (thema Armeniacum)
  Michael III Michaēl ho Methystēs 842–867 augustus ex 840, 866 cum Basilisciano; Caesar: Bardas (862/864–866, Regent ex 856); Regentin: Theodora II. (usque 856, cum Thecla, usque 855 cum Theoctisto)
Carbeas ignotum 844–863 usurpator (?) in Armenia (Colonia in urbe; per al-Wāthiq et al-Mutawakkil); successor: Chrysocheir (usque 872)
  Boris Bogoris Michaēl 865–889 imperatoris more in Bulgaria regnavit
Symbatius ignotum 866–866/67 usurpator (?) in Asia Minore (thema Thracesium)

Domus MacedonicaRecensere

Effigies Nomen Nomen indigenum Imperii anni Notae
Domus Macedonica
  Basilius I Basileios Makedōn 867–886 augustus ex 866 (Caesar 866?), 868–879 cum Constantino; recusavit Ludovicum II imperatorem agnoscere
  Leo VI Leōn Porphyrogennētos ho Sophos 886–912 augustus 870–883; regnante Styliano Zautzes (891/893–899)
Andronicus Ducas Andronicus Doukas 906–907 usurpator (?) in Lykaonien (Anatolicum)
  Alexander Alexandros Porphyrogennētos 912–913 augustus ex 879, cum Basilitze
  Constantinus VII Kōnstantinos (Makedōn) Porphyrogennētos 913–959 augustus ex 908/911 et nominatim 921/22–944, ex 945 solus imperator; regnantibus: Nicolao (usque 914/15, 918/19–919), Zoe (914/15–918/19)
Constantinus Ducas Kōnstantinos Doukas 913 usurpator Constantinopoli
  Simeon Symeōn ho Megas 913–927 imperatoris titulum sibi adrogavit (ex 917 etiam in Graecia), usque 914/15 et ex 924 nominatim augustus cum Constantino VII atque Romano I
  Leo Phocas Leōn Phōkas 919 usurpator in Bithynia (thema Optimaton)
  Romanus I Rōmanos Lakapēnos 920–944 augustus sub Constantino VII (Caesar 920, Regent ex 919), cum Christophoros (921–931), Stephanos, Constantinus (uterque 923/24–945) et Romanus (923/24–927?); Caesar: Michael (ex 923/24?); agnovit Petrum I imperatorem Bulgaricum
Bardas Boilas Bardas Boïlas 923/24 usurpator in Ponto (Chaldia)
Basilius Chalcocheir Basileios ho Chalkocheir 930/932 usurpator (nomine „Constantini Ducae“) in Bithynia (thema Opsicium) et Lydia (thema Thracesium)
  Romanus II Rōmanos Porphyrogennētos 959–963 augustus ex 945
Basilius Peteinus Basileios Peteinos 961 usurpator (?) Constantinopoli
  Basilius II Basileios Porphyrogennētos Boulgaroktonos 963–1025 augustus ex 960, ex 976 solus imperator; regnantibus Theophanu (963, cum Iosepho Bringa), Basilius Lecapenus (976–985); agnovit Stephanum Držislav ducem Dalmatiae
  Nicephorus II Nikēphoros Phōkas 963–969 augustus cum Basilio II (per Theophanum, usurpator 963); Caesar: Bardas (usque 968)
Calocyres Kalokyrēs/Kalokyros 968–971 usurpator (?) in Bulgaria (per Svatoslavium I)
  Ioannes I Iōannēs (Kourkouas) Tzimiskēs 969–976 augustus cum Basilio II (per Theophanum), agnovit Ottonem augustus
Bardas Phocas Bardas Phōkas 970–971
987–989
usurpator in Asia Minore (970–971 cum Leone); successor: Leon (989)
  Bardas Sclerus Bardas Sklēros 976–979
987
989
usurpator in Asia Minore (987 nominatim augustus cum Barda Phoca)
Meles Melēs (1009–)1011/1019 usurpator (?) in Itali meridionali; successor: Argyrus (1042)
Tzules Geōrgios Tzoulēs (1015?–)1016 usurpator (?) in Taurica paeninsula (Chersonesus)
Nicephorus II Nikēphoros Phōkas ho Barytrachēlos 1022 usurpator in Cappadocia (per Nicephorum Xiphiam)
  Constantinus VII Kōnstantinos Porphyrogennētos 1025–1028 augustus ex 962, 1028 cum Constantino Dalasseno (usurpator 1034?)
Nicephorus Comnenus Nikēphoros Komnēnos 1025/26 usurpator in Armenia (Vaspurakan)
Basilius Sclerus Basileios Sklēros 1026/27
1033
usurpator (?) in Asia Minore
usurpator (?) Constantinopoli
  Romanus III Rōmanos Argyros 1028–1034 per Zoem
  Prusianus Prousianos 1029 usurpator Constantinopoli (per Theodoram III) cum Constantino Diogene (usurpator 1032)
  Michael IV Michaēl ho Paphlagōn 1034–1041 per Zoem; regnante: Ioannes Orphanotrophos
Elpidius Brachamius Elpidios Brachamios 1034 usurpator (?) in Syria
Stephanus Vojislav Stephanos Boïsthlabos 1034–1035
1040–1043
usurpator in Diocletiana
  Petrus Deleanus Petros Dolianos 1040–1041 usurpator in Bulgaria (nomine Petri II); usurpator: Tihomir (1040, Dyrrachium), Alusjan (1041, 1040)
Gregorius Taronites Grēgorios Tarōnitēs 1040 usurpator in Phrygia
  Michael V Michaēl ho Kalaphatēs 1041–1042 nomine augustus sub Zoe (Caesar 1041)
  Zoe Zōē Porphyrogennēta 1042 cum Theodora III, imperans ex 1041
Theophilus Eroticus Theophilos Erōtikos 1042 usurpator in Cypro insula
  Constantinus IX Monomachus Kōnstantinos Monomachos 1042–1055 per Zoem, 1055 cum Nicephoro Proteuon (Bulgaria, contra Theodoram); agnovit Michael Vojislavljević gubernatorem Diocletianae
  Georgius Maniaces Geōrgios Maniakēs 1042–1043 usurpator in Italia meridionali atque Haeminomto
Leo Lamprus Leōn Lampros 1043 usurpator (?) in themate Armeniaco (per Stephanum Pergamenum)
  Leo Tornices Leōn Tornikēs/Tornikios 1047 usurpator in Macedonia et Thracia (1046 usurpator in Iberia?)
Romanus Boilas Rōmanos Boïlas 1051? usurpator Constantinopoli
  Theodora III Theodōra Karbōnopsina 1055–1056 1042 augustus cum Zoe
Imperatores sui iuris
  Michael VI Michaēl Bringas Stratiotikos 1056–1057
Theodosius Monomachus Theodosios Monomachos 1056 usurpator Constantinopoli
Nicephorus Bryennius Nikēphoros Bryennios 1057 usurpator (?) in Cappadocia (1055 in Macedoniua contra Theodoram III?)

Comnenae, Ducae et AngeliRecensere

Effigies Nomen Nomen indigenum Imperii anni Notae
Comnenae
  Isaacius I Isaakios Komnēnos 1057–1059 contra Michael VI, per Michael Cerularium (usurpator 1040 et 1059)
Ducae
  Constantinus X Kōnstantinos Doukas 1059–1067 negante Ioanne Comneno; Caesar: Ioannes (1059/61–1075 et 1081–1087/88, imperans 1067 et 1071–1072, 1074 usurpator in Asia Minore per Roussel de Bailleul)
Nikulitzas Nikoulitzas Delphinas ho Larissaios 1066 usurpator in Thessalia
  Michael VII Michaēl Doukas ho Parapinakēs 1067–1078 coronatus 1071, augustus ex 1060, cum Constantio (ex 1060, usurpator 1078), Andronico (1068–1077?) et Constantino (ex 1074/75, augustus cum Alexio I 1081–1087/88); regnantibus: Eudocia (1067, 1071), Andronico (1073), Nicephoritze (ex 1073); Caesar: Georgius II. (ex 1074, Georgia)
  Romanus IV Rōmanos Diogenēs 1068–1071 augustus cum Michael VII et imperans (per Eudociam, usurpator 1067 et 1071–1072), cum Leone (ex 1069) et Nicephoro (ex 1070, usurpator 1094)
Constantinus Bodinus Kōnstantinos Bodinos 1072 usurpator in Bulgaria (nomine Petri III per Michael Vojislavljević et Georgium Vojtech)
Philaretus Brachamius Philaretos Brachamios 1072–1078 usurpator in Syria septentrionali et Mesopotamia
Nestor ignotum 1072/1074 usurpator in Paristrio
Leo Diabatenus Leōn Diabatēnos 1077–1078 usurpator Edessae
Nicephorus Bryennius Nikēphoros Bryennios 1077–1078 usurpator in Macedonia et Thracia cum Ioanne; successor: Nicephorus Basilaces (1078–1079, Macedonia)
Imperatores sui iuris
  Nicephorus III Nikēphoros Botaneiatēs 1078–1081 contra Michael VII, ex 1080 cum Nicephoro Synadeno
Ruben Rhoupenios 1080–1095 usurpator in Cilicia; successor: Constantinus (usque 1099/1103, regnans ex 1090), Thorus (1099/1103–1129/30), Constantinus (1129/30), Leo (1129/30–1137)
Comnenae
  Alexius I Alexios Komnēnos 1081–1118 contra Nicephorum III; Sebastocratores: Isaacius (usque 1102/04, Caesar), Andronicus (1108/1116–1131?), Isaacius (1108/1122–1130, 1136/1138–1140 et 1143?, Caesar 1108?, usurpator 1129/30, 1143 et 1145–1146); Caesares: Nicephorus Melissenos (usque 1104, 1081 usurpator in Asia Minore), Nicephorus Bryennius (1097/1111–1136/37); regnans: Anna Dalassena (1081, 1094–1095)
Raiktor Michaēl Doukas 1081 usurpator (nomine Michaelis VII utens) in Dyrrachio urbe et Macedonia (instigante Roberto Guiscardo)
Ioannes Iōannēs Komnēnos 1091 usurpator (?) in Dyrrhachio urbe
Theodorus Gabras Theodōros Gabras 1091–1092 usurpator (?) in Ponto (Chaldia); successor: Gregor Taronites (1103–1105)
Çaka Bey Tzachas 1091–1092/93 se imperatorem proclamavit in Asia Minore
Caryces (Nikētas?) Karykēs 1092–1092/93 usurpatorin Creta insula, cum Rapsomates (Cyprus)
Constantinus Diogenes Kōnstantinos/„Leōn“ Diogenēs 1094–1095 usurpator in Thracia
Michael Anemas Michaēl Anemas 1103 usurpator Constantinopoli, cum Leone
Leon Diogenes Leōn Diogenēs 1116 usurpator in Bulgaria iuxta Danubium (Paristrium, per Vladimirum Monomachum; 1107 in Dyrrachio urbe per Bohemundum?)
  Ioannes II Iōannēs Kalos Komnēnos Doukas 1118–1143 augustus ex 1092, 1119/1122–1142 cum Alexius (II.); Sebastocratores: Andronicus (1122–1142), Isaacius (ex 1122, usurpator 1143); Caesar: Ioannes Rogerius Dalassenus (1136/1138–1152, usurpator 1143)
Constantinus Gabras Kōnstantinos Gabras 1126/1139–1140 usurpator in Ponto (Chaldia), usque 1130 cum Cassiano (Paphlagonia?)
  Roger Rogerios 1130–1154 se imperatorem proclamavit in Italia australi
  Manuel I Manouēl Komnēnos 1143–1180 Sebastocrator ex 1122/1129; Despotes: Alexius (ex 1163, Caesar 1169–1172, usurpator 1180–1185), Theodorus Batatzes (ante 1166); Sebastocrator: Ioannes (1170–1176); regnans Ioannes Axuchus (usque 1145/46); Giullelmum II et Mleh principes Italiae inferiores et Ciliciae agnovit
Thorus ignotum 1145–1169 usurpator in Cilicia; successor: Ruben (usque 1170; regnans Thomas)
Alexius Axuchus Alexios Axouchos 1167 usurpator (?) Constantinopoli
  Alexius II Alexios Komnēnos Porphyrogennētos 1180–1183 coronatus 1182, augustus ex 1171/72; Caesar: Ioannes (usurpator 1181); regnans Maria Xena (cum Alexio, uterque usque 1182)
Ioannes Batatzes Iōannēs Komnēnos Batatzēs 1182 usurpator (?) in Lydia (Thracesium)
  Andronicus I Andronikos Komnēnos 1183–1185 augustus 1183 (Regent ex 1182; usurpator 1154/55), ex 1184 cum Ioanne; Sebastocratores: Manuel (ex 1182, usurpator 1185), Alexius (Caesar 1185–1186/1192, usurpator 1184 et 1186/1192 cum Andronico Comneno)
Andronicus Contosteophanus Andronikos Kontostephanos Komnēnos 1183 usurpator (?) Constantinopoli, cum Andronico Angelo
Andronicus Lampardas Andronikos La(m)pardas 1183/84 usurpator (?) in Mysia (Thracesium)
Alexius Alexios Komnēnos 1185 usurpator (nomine Alexi II utens?) Thessalonicae (per Guillelmum II)
Angeli
  Isaacius II Isaacius Angelus 1185–1195
1203–1204
contra Andronicum I. et Alexium III. (1184 usurpator in Bithynia cum Theodoro Cantacuzeno); Sebastocratores: Ioannes (1186–1200, usurpator 1199), Constantinus, Ioannes Petraliphas (?, usque 1195), Stephanus Nemanjić (1191–1196); Caesares: Ioannes Cantacuzenus (usque 1186, 1204/05–1209 usurpator in Messenia?), Ioannes, Bonifatius et Conradus Monsferratenses (usque 1186/1187); agnovit Petrum IV et Stephanum Nemanja principes Bulgariae et Serbiae
  Isaacius Comnenus Isaakios (Doukas?) Komnēnos 1185–1191
1195
usurpator („Caesar“) in Cypro (ex 1184 nomine despotis utens), expulsus regno a Richardo I Anglorum rege
usurpator in Asia Minore (Sultanatum Iconii)
Alexius Branas Alexios Branas Komnēnos 1185/86
1187
usurpator Constantinopoli
usurpator in Thracia
  Theodorus Mancaphas Theodōros Doukas Mankaphas 1188–1189/1195
1204–1205
usurpator in Lydia et Phrygia
Alexius Alexios Komnēnos 1189/1191 usurpator (nomine Alexii II utens) in Phrygia (per Kılıç Arslan II); successor: Alexius (1191/92, Paphlagonia)
Basilius Chotzas Basileios Chotzas 1191/92–1204/05 usurpator in Bithynia
Isaacius Comnenus Isaakios Komnēnos 1191/1193 usurpator Constantinopoli; successor: Rakendytes, Constantinus Taticius (uterque 1191/1193)
Constantinus Aspietes Kōnstantinos Komnēnos Aspietēs 1191/1193 usurpator (?) in Macedonia
Constantinus Kōnstantinos Angelos Doukas 1193 usurpator Philippopoli
  Alexius III Alexios Komnēnos Angelos 1195–1203/1204 contra Isaacius II., Sebastocrator ex 1190, relegatus ex anno 1203 in Thraciam et Thessaliam, 1210–1211 usurpator in Asia Minor (per Kai Chosrau I.); regnans Euphrosyne (usque 1196); despota: Alexius Palaiologos (1199–1203, Sebastocrator ex 1195); Sebastocratores: Isaacius Comnenus (usque 1196), Nicephorus Petraliphas (1200?); Caesares: Theodoros Branas (1205–1206 usurpator in Hadrianopoli), Manuel Maurozomes (1200?, 1204–1205/06 usurpator in Phrygia per Kai Chosrau I); agnovit Caloianum imperatorem Bulgariae Leonemque II. regem Ciliciae
Alexius Contostephanus Alexios Kontostephanos 1195
1200
usurpator Constantinopoli
Alexius Alexios Komnēnos 1195–1196/97 usurpator (nomine Alexi II utens) in Cilicia et Bithynia (per Muhyi ad-Din Mas'ud Schah)
Dobromirus Dobromēros Chrysos 1196/97–1199
1201–1202
usurpator in Macedonia et Thessalia
Ivancus Iōannēs Alexios 1198/99–1200 usurpator in Thracia (per Caloianus; imperator Bulgariae 1196); successor: Ioannes Spyridonakes (1201, Smolena)
Michael Cantacuzenus Michaēl Kantakouzēnos 1199 usurpator Constantinopoli
Manuel Camytzes Manouēl Kamytzēs Komnēnos Doukas Angelos 1199
1201–1202
usurpator Constantinopoli
usurpator in Macedonia et Thessalia (cum Dobromir)
Michael Michaēl Angelos Komnēnos Doukas 1200–1203?
1204/05–1215
usurpator in Karien (Mylasa, per Suleiman II.)
usurpator/Regent in Epirus (Nikopolis)
Ioannes Comnenus Iōannēs Axouchos Komnēnos ho Pachys 1200/01 usurpator Constantinopoli
Leon Chamaretus Leōn Chamaretos 1201–1205/1209 usurpator in Morea (Laconia); successor: Ioannes Chamaretos (usque 1222, ex 1209 nomine despota per Theodorum I aut Alexium III)
Leo Sgurus Leōn Sgouros 1201–1208 usurpator in Graecia, ex 1204 nomine despota (per Alexium III)
  Alexius IV Alexios Angelos 1203–1204 augustus Isaaci II (1203 usurpator in Dyrrachio urbe per Bonifatium Monsferratensem et Henricum Dandulum), despota ex 1192/93
Nicolaus Canabus Nikolaos Kanabos 1204 contra Isaacius II. et Alexius IV. (post Verzicht per Radenos)
  Alexius V Alexios Doukas ho Mourtzouphlos 1204 contra Isaacium II, Alexium IV et Nicolaum Canabum

Lascaridae et PalaeologiRecensere

Effigies Nomina Nomen indigenum  Imperii anni Notae
Lascaridae
Constantinus XI Kōnstantinos Komnēnos Laskaris 1204 contra Balduinum I (imperatorem Latinorum) et Caloianum (Bulgaria), usque 1205 nomine despotae utens
Alexius Comnenus Alexius Megas Komnēnos 1204–1222 usurpator in Trapezunte urbe (Chaldia; Caesar 1183/85), usque 1212/1214 cum David (Caesar 1184/85, 1204/05–1207 in Paphlagonia); successor: Andronicus Gidus (usque 1235), Ioannes (1235–1238, cum Ioannicio), Manuel (1238–1263), Andronicus (1263–1266, despota ex 1240?), Georgius (1266–1280)
Theodorus Gabras Theodōros Gabras 1204–1208? usurpator (?) in Ponto (Chaldia)
Manuel Angelus Manouēl Angelos 1204–1205 usurpator in Thracia, Macedonia et Thessalia (per Bonifatium Monsferratensem)
Alexius Aspietes Alexios Aspietēs 1205 usurpator Philippopoli (contra Caloianum)
  Theodorus I Lascares Theodōros Komnēnos Laskaris 1205–1221/22 contra Henricum (imperium Latinorum), coronatus 1207/08 (despota ex 1199/1203, Regent ex 1204), 1207/08–1211/12 cum Nicolao; despotes: Andronicus Palaiologos (1212/1216); Sebastocratores: Georgius, Alexius, Isaacius (uterque usupator in Mysia 1224), Nicephorus Contostephanus, Sabbas Asidenos (uterque 1205/06–1216?, usurpatores in Phrygia ex 1203/04 et Caria ex 1204); regnans Maria (1221/22)
  Ioannes III Iōannēs Doukas Batatzēs 1221/22–1254 contra Robertum (imperium Latinorum); despotae: Ioannes (1242–1244, usurpator ex 1237/1241), Demetrius (1242–1246, uterque Thessalonicae), Michael (1237?/1247–1266/68, usurpator ex 1230, 1251–1253 et 1256–1259/1264) et Nicephorum Angelum (1249/1266/68–1297, uterque in Epiro); Sebastocratores: Isaacius (ante 1253–1261), Ioannes (usque 1240?); Caesares: Romanus(?–post 1227), Leo Gabalas (1225/26–1240, usurpator in Rhodo ex 1203/04 et 1234; successor: Ioannes, usque 1249/50)
  Theodorus Angelus Theodōros Komnēnos Doukas Angelos 1224/25–1230 usurpator in Macedonia (Thessalonica) et Thessalia (coronatus 1227, regnans in Epiro ex 1215); despotae: Constantinus (1227–1242/1246, Acarnania, usurpator Constantinopoli 1204?), Constantinus Maliasenus(?); Sebastocrator: Georgius (?); successor: Manuel (usque 1237, per Ivan Aasen II; despota ex 1227, usurpator ex 1234/35, 1239–1241 in Thessalia)
Andronicus Nestongus Andronicus Doukas Nestongos 1224/25 usurpator in Bithynia, cum Isaacio
  Theodorus II Theodōros Doukas Laskaris Porphyrogennētos 1254–1258 contra Balduinum II. (imperium Latinorum), coronatus 1255, augustus ex 1234/1241
  Ioannes IV Iōannēs Doukas Laskaris 1258–1261 regnans Georgius Muzalon (1258)
Palaeologi
  Michael VIII Michaēl Doukas Komnēnos Palaiologos 1261–1282 augustus ex 1259 (despota ex 1258); despotae: Ioannes (1260/1263–1273/1275, Sebastocrator ex 1259), Constantinus (usque 1306, usurpator 1292), Iacobus Svetoslavius (1261, Bulgaria), Demetrius Michael (1278–1304), Ivan Assen (1277/78–1302/03, imperator Bulgariae 1279–1280), Georgius Terter (1279, imperator Bulgariae ex anno 1280), Ioannes Comnenus (1282, usurpator in Trapezunte ex 1280); Sebastocratores: Constantinus (1259/60–1275) et Ioannes Tornices (ex 1260/61?, uterque Thessalonica), Constantinus (1260–1271, Caesar ex 1259), Ioannes Ducas (1268/1272–1289, usurpator 1280, Thessalia); Caesar: Alexius Strategopulus (1259–1271/1275)
Ioannes Iōannēs Laskaris 1262 usurpator (nomine Ioannis IV utens) in Bithynia (1273 in Italia australi per Carolum Angevinensem?)
  Andronicus II Andronicus Doukas Angelos Komnēnos ho Gerōn Palaiologos 1282–1328 augustus ex 1261/1272, 1281/1294/95–1320 cum Michael IX.; despotae: Constantinus (1292–1329), Ioannes (1294–1307, uterque Thessalonica), Theodorus (vor 1306), Demetrius (1306–1343, 1327–1328 Thessalonicae), Thomas Angelos (1290/1297–1318, Epirus), Manuel (post 1298–1320), Nikolaus Orsini (1318–1323, Epirus); Sebastocratores: Constantinus (1289/1295–1303), Theodorus(1289/1295–1299) et Ioannes Ducas (1303/1309/1315–1318, despota ex 1309/1315?), Stephanus Gabrielopulos (1318/1325–1332/33, alle Thessalia), Radoslaw (1299/1300, Bulgaria), Andrea Muzaka (vor 1319, Albania); Caesares: Roger de Flor (1305), Ioannes (1326, usurpator Thessalonicae 1325/26)
Ioannes Tarchaneiotes Iōannēs Tarchaneiotēs 1289 usurpator (?) Constantinopoli
Alexius Philanthropenus Alexius Philanthrōpēnos Tarchaneiotēs 1295/96 usurpator („Caesar“) in Asia Minor
Ioannes Drimys Iōannēs (Glykys?) Drimys 1305–1306 usurpator (nomine Ioannis IV) Constantinopoli
  Carolus Valosensis Karolos tou Baloua 1307 sibi imperatoris titulum adrogavit Constantinopoli
  Andronicus III Andronikos Doukas Angelos Komnēnos ho Neos Palaiologos 1328–1341 augustus ex 1316/1325 (usurpator in Thracia 1320/21–1325 et 1328); despotae: Ioannes Orsini (usque 1335, Thessalia), Andrea Muzaka (1335/1372, Albania), Michael (1337/1341–1352)
Syrgiannes Syrgiannēs Palaiologos Philanthrōpēnos 1333–1334 usurpator (?) Thessalonicae et Macedonia (per Stephanum Dusanus)
  Ioannes V Iōannēs (Komnēnos) Palaiologos 1341–1391 relegatus 1352–1353 in Tenedum insulam, ex 1354/1357 solus imperator, 1376–1379 et 1390 imperio pulsus; regnans Anna (usque 1347, 1351–1359 Thessalonicae); despotae: Momtschil (1344, Sebastocrator 1344, usurpator in Thracia usque 1345), Michael (post 1351/1354–1376/77, 1373 usurpator in Trapezunte), Ioannes Asanes (1355–1358, Sebastocrator ex 1347), Ioannes Cantacuzenus (ex 1357), Theodorus (vor 1376–1407, ex 1383 in Morea), Petrus Iustinianus (ex 1363, Chius), Theodorus Muzaka (1372–1389, Albania), Thomas Preljubović (1382–1384, usurpator ex 1366), Esau Buondelmonti (1386–1411, uterque Epirus); Sebastocratores: Demetrius Cantacuzenus (ex 1357, despota in Morea 1383), Gjin Muzaka (1372?–1389/90), Gjin Zenevisi (1380–1418, uterque Albania/Epirus), Leon Melissenus (?); Caesar: Alexius Philanthropenos (1381/82–1389, Thessalia); Stephanum Dusan regem Serbiae agnovit seque in clientelam sultani Murad I subiecit
Michael Gabrielopulus Michaēl Gabriēlopoulos 1342 usurpator in Thessalia
  Stephanus Dusan Stephanos Ouresēs Dousan 1345–1355 imperatoris nomen sibi adrogavit, coronatus 1346; despotae: Iovanus Oliver ([1334?]1347–1356, Sebastocrator ex 1346), Iovanus Asen (1346/1350–1363, Albania), Ivaniš (1348), Dejan Dragaš (1355–post 1362, Sebastocrator ex 1346/47); Sebastocrator: Branko Mladenović (1346–1365); Caesares: Gregor Golubić (1346/47–post 1362), Vojihna (1346/47–post 1357), Gregor Preljub (1348–1355/56, Thessalia); successor: Stephanus Uroš (usque 1371, Mitregent ex 1346, ex 1365 cum Vukašin Mrnjavčević [despota ex 1364]; despotae: Jovan Uglješa [ex 1365], Jovan Dragaš; Sebastocrator: Vlatko Paskačić; Caesares: Novak, Uglješa Vlatković)
  Ioannes VI Iōannēs Palaiologos Angelos Komnēnos Kantakouzēnos 1347–1354 augustus Johannes’ V. et regnans (regnans 1341, usurpator in Thracia ex 1341/1346); despotae: NicephorusOrsini (1347–1359, ex 1356 in Thessalia; 1339–1340 usurpator in Epirus per Katharina von Valois), Manuel (1347–1380, ex 1349 in Morea; 1354 contra Michael et Andreas Asanes), Manuel Asanes (1351/1354–1355, Sebastocrator ex 1347); Sebastocratores: Isaacius Ducas (1342/43–1345, Albania/Serbien), Ioannes Angelos (1347–1348, Thessalia), Nicephorus(1351–1355); Caesar: Hrelja (1341/42)
Matthaeus Matthaios Asanēs Kantakouzēnos 1353–1354 augustus sub Ioanne IV, coronatus 1354 (conregnans ex 1347), usurpator in Thracia usque 1357, despota in Morea 1361/1380–1383; Sebastocrator: Andronicus Asanes (1354–1356)
Ioannes Limpiaridus Iōannēs Limpidarios 1356 usurpator in Thracia
  Simeon Urus Symeōn Ouresēs Palaiologos 1356–1370/71 usurpator in Thessalia (1359–1366 etiam in Epiro), despota ex 1346; despotae: Petrus Losha, Gjin Bua Shpata (uterque ex 1359/60, Aetolia/Epirus); Sebastocrator: Blaž Matarango (1358–1367, Albania); successor: Iovanus Uroš (usque 1373, augustus ex 1359/60?, 1384–1385 conregnans cum Maria in Epiro)
  Andronicus IV Andronikos (Komnēnos) Palaiologos 1376–1379 contra Ioannes V., augustus 1352–1373 (Regent 1366–1367) et 1381–1385 (Thracia), usurpator 1373 et 1385
  Ioannes VII Iōannēs Palaiologos 1390
1399–1402/03
contra Ioannem V. (per Bayezid I), augustus 1377–1379 et ex 1381/1385 (Thracia)
augustus sub Manuel II regnansque usque 1408 Thessalonicae (1403/04–1407? cum Andronico V.)
  Manuel II Manouēl Palaiologos 1391–1425 coronatus 1392, augustus sub Ioanne V ex 1373 (despota Thessalonicae ex 1369); regnans: Helena Cantacuzena (usque 1392); despotae: Constantinus Dragas (1392–1395, Macedonia), Stephanus Lazarević (ex 1402, Serbien), Theodorus (ex 1404?, 1407–1443 in Morea, usque 1448 in Thracia), Andronicus (1408–1423, Thessalonicae, 1419 cum Ioanne), Carolus Toccus (1411/1415–1429, Epirus); Caesar: Manuel Philanthropenus (1392/93–1394, Thessalia)
Theodosius Cyprius Theodosios ho Kyprios 1414? usurpator (?) Constantinopoli
  Ioannes VIII Iōannēs Palaiologos 1425–1448 augustus ex 1407 (despota ex 1403, regnans 1414–1416 et ex anno 1422); despotae: Demetrius (1428–1460 in Morea, usurpator 1442 et 1448, 1453–1454 contra Manuel Cantacuzenus, usque 1466 in Thaso insula) et Thomas (1428/1430–1460 in Morea, relegatus usque 1465 in Italiam; successor: Andreas, imperator secundum titulum usque 1502), Duradius (ex 1427/1429) et Lazarus Branković (ex 1446, uterque in Serbia)
  Constantinus XI Kōnstantinos Dragasēs Palaiologos 1448–1453 coronatus 1449 (despota ex 1423, ex 1428 in Morea, regnans 1437–1440); regnans Helena Dragasa (usque 1449); "successor" Turcus („Caesar“): sultanus Mahometus II
Effigies Nomen Nomen indigenum Imperii anni Notae

Vide etiamRecensere