Pomacium[1][2] seu pomaceum[3] est potio alcoholica, effervescenti suco fructuum malorum confecto. Pomacium est incluta potio regionum Asturiarum (sidra), Vasconiae (sagardo), Britanniae Minoris et Normanniae (cidre), Germaniae (ubi appellationem habet "vini malorum", Apfelwein vel Most[4]) atque Herefordiensis, Glocestriae, Somersetiae, Devoniae et Dorsetiae in Anglia (cider). Confectio pomacii iam diu in Americam septentrionalem introducta est. In Quebeco recenter pomacium e glacie inventa est.

Pomacium Asturiarum.
Vinetum Britannicum ab Ioanne Worlidge anno 1676 scriptum, 1678 reimpressum

Notae recensere

  1. "pomacium", "Pomata[nexus deficit]": Carolus Du Cange et al. (1883-1887). Glossarium mediæ et infimæ Latinitatis. Niortii: Favre. Ibidem "Pomagium" e statutis Aegidii episcopi citatur
  2. "Siceratores, id est, qui cervisiam, vel pomatium, sîve pyratium, vel aliud quodcumque liquamen ad bibendum aptum fuerit, facere sciant": Capitulare de villis cap. 45 (vide p. 655 apud Google Books)
  3. "Pomaceum": Palmarius (1588). "Cidra": Tractatus. Nonnulli "sicera" (de lingua Hebraica שכר via Graeco σίκερα), sed hoc verbum omnem fere potionem quae non vinum sit denotat (vide notam priorem). Traupman "hydromelum", sed inconsulte: hydromelum fuit res alia, Dioscoridi nota (Materia Medica 5.22), hodie desueta
  4. Most (m), de Latino mustum.

Bibliographia recensere

Opera antiquiora
  • ante 1309 : Tractatus de modo praeparandi et condiendi omnia cibaria I.20 (Marianne Mulon, "Deux traités inédits d'art culinaire médiéval" in Bulletin philologique et historique (jusqu'à 1610) du Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques [1968 (1971)] vol. 1 pp. 369-435) Textus
  • 1550 : "Vina fructuaria" in Carolus Stephanus, De nutrimentis ad Baillyum libri tres (Lutetiae) pp. 22-25
  • 1588 : Iulianus Palmarius, De vino et pomaceo. Parisiis: apud Guillelmum Auvray
  • 1664 : John Evelyn et alii, "Pomona, or an appendix concerning fruit-trees in relation to cider" in John Evelyn, Sylva, or a discourse of forest-trees and the propagation of timber in His Majesties dominions (Londinii: Royal Society) Textus apud Internet Archive
  • 1669 : Kenelm Digby; George Hartman, ed.? The Closet of the Eminently Learned Sir Kenelme Digbie Kt. Opened. Londinii: Henry Brome (Textus e fac-simile demptus apud Google Books) editio interretialis apud Project Gutenberg editio 1677
  • 1676-1691 : John Worlidge, Vinetum Britannicum, or, A treatise of cider and other wines and drinks extracted from fruits growing in this kingdom with the method of propagating all sorts of vinous fruit-trees, and a description of the new-invented ingenio or mill for the more expeditious making of cider. Londinii: T. Dring, 1676; 2a ed., 1678; 3a ed., 1691
    • John Worlidge, The second parts of Systema agriculturae, or, The mystery of husbandry; and, Vinetum Britannicum, or, A treatise of cider; wherein are contained many selected and curious observations ... with the best and most natural rules and methods for the making of cider, and other English liquors. Londinii, 1689
  • 1687 : John Worlidge, The most easie method for making the best cyder. Londinii: George Graston
  • 1765 : Louis de Chambray, L'Art de cultiver les pommiers, les poiriers et de faire des cidres selon l'usage de la Normandie. Lutetiae: chez Ganeau Textus
  • 1753 : J. Beal, "Advertisements on the Vinetum Britannicum Mentioned in the Last Foregoing Tract, Sent to the Publisher by the Reverend Dr. J. Beal" Textus apud Internet Archive
  • 1791 : John Philips, Cider: a poem in two books. Londinii: Cadell Textus apud Internet Archive
  • 1797 : T. A. Knight, A Treatise on the Culture of the Apple and Pear and on the manufacture of cider and perry. Ludlow: H. Procter (Textus apud Google Books) Editio 1801 Textus apud Internet Archive
  • 1804 : Richard Platt, "Process for Making Cider" in Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences vol. 2 (1804) pp. 121-123
  • 1816 : William Salisbury, Hints addressed to proprietors of orchards, and to growers of fruit in general, comprising observations on the present state of the apple trees, in the cider countries; made in a tour during the last summer. Londinii, Longman Textus Textus apud Internet Archive
  • 1817 : William Coxe, A view of the cultivation of fruit trees, and the management of orchards and cider; with accurate descriptions of the most estimable varieties of native and foreign apples, pears, peaches, plums, and cherries, cultivated in the middle states of America: illustrated by cuts of two hundred kinds of fruits of the natural size. Philadelphiae: M. Carey Textus Textus apud Internet Archive
  • 1822 : James Thacher, The American orchardist; or, A practical treatise on the culture and management of apple and other fruit trees, with observations on the diseases to which they are liable, and their remedies. To which is added the most approved method of manufacturing and preserving cider. Boston: J. W. Ingraham Textus Textus apud Internet Archive
  • 1828 : J. Ham, The manufacture of cider and perry, reduced to rules. Sherburniae (Textus apud Google Books)
  • 1842 : Bonington Moubray, A practical treatise on breeding, rearing, and fattening all kinds of domestic poultry, pheasants, pigeons, and rabbits: also, the management of swine, milch cows, and bees, with instructions for the private brewery on cider, perry, and British wine making. Londinii Textus apud Internet Archive
  • 1855 : Léon Féret, "Histoire du pommier et du cidre" in L'Ordre et la liberté (Cadomi, 1855) Textus
  • 1869 : E. Lucas, Der Cider oder Obstwein: Kurze Zusammenstellung der verschiedenen Bereitungsarten. Ravensburg: Ulmer Textus apud Internet Archive
  • 1869 : J. S. Buell, The cider makers' manual. Buffalo (Textus apud Google Books)
  • 1880 : T. S. Denison, Hard cider: a temperance sketch. Chicagi: Denison Textus apud Internet Archive
  • 1887 : C. A. Crampton, Fermented alcohol beverages, malt liquors, wine and cider. Vasingtoniae (Foods and Food Adulterants, 3) Textus apud Internet Archive
  • 1890 : Adolf Freiherr von Pereira-Arnstein, Volkswirthschaftliche Bedeutung der Obstweinerzeugung (Importance économique de la fabrication du cidre). Vindobonae Textus apud Internet Archive
  • 1900 : Robert Mitchell Floyd, Songs of the apple tree, with kith and kin. Bostoniae Textus apud Internet Archive
Opera recentiora
  • William B. Alwood, A Study of Cider-Making in France, Germany and England; with comments and comparisons on American work. Vasingtoniae: U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1903 Textus apud archive.org
  • William B. Alwood, R. J. Davidson, W. A. P. Moncure, The chemical composition of apples and cider. Vasingtoniae, 1904 Textus apud archive.org
  • A. Brooke-Hunt, The National Fruit and Cider Institute: its origin and objects. Aquis Sulis, 1904 Textus apud archive.org
  • James Crowden, Ciderland. Edinburgi: Birlinn, 2008
  • Laurence Girard, "Pom, pom, pom cidre et le chant de la crêpe" in Le Monde (2 Februarii 2019)
  • Frederick James Lloyd, Report on the results of investigations into cidermaking, carried out on behalf of the Bath and west and southern counties society in the years 1893-1902. Londinii, 1903 Textus apud archive.org
  • L. F. Salzman, English industries of the middle ages, being an introduction to the industrial history of medieval England (Bostoniae: Houghton Mifflin, 1913) pp. 196-198 Textus apud archive.org

Nexus interni