Miseria, sive angor, sensu lato[1] experientia iniucunditatis fastidiique cum perceptione inuriae aut minationis inuriae in homine solo esse potest.[2] Miseria est elementum fundamentale quod ex negativa phaenomenonum affectuum valentia psychologica constat. Contrarium miseriae voluptas vel felicitas saepissime habetur.

Persona tragica in facie Theatri Dramatici Regalis Holmiae in Suecia.

Miseria in binas classes saepe digeritur, quae sunt corporis[3] et mentis.[4] Miseriae sunt varii vehementiae gradus, a mitissimis ad intolerabiliores. Diurnitas et crebritas vehementiam plerumque duplicant. Opiniones de miseria late variant, in ipso patiente atque in aliis hominibus, secundum gradum per quem angor habeatur evitabilis aut inevitabilis, utilis aut inutilis, meritus aut immeritus.

Miseria in vita entitatum sensilium variis modis fit, saepe animum mirifice movens. Qua pro causa, multae provinciae actionis humanae varias miseriae proprietates tractare solent, inter quas esse possunt ingenium miseriae propriae, eius rationes, eius origo, eius significatio cognatique mores personales, sociales, culturales,[5] atque eius remedia, administratio, abhibitiones.

Nexus interni

 
Mahavira facem ahimsae fert.

NotaeRecensere

  1. Vide "Pleasure" in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, qui commentarius incipit: "Pleasure, in the inclusive usages most important in moral psychology, ethical theory, and the studies of mind, includes all joy and gladness—all our feeling good, or happy. It is often contrasted with similarly inclusive pain or suffering, which is similarly thought of as including all our feeling bad." Plurimae encyclopaediae, sicut Stanford supra et Encyclopaedia Britannica, commentario de miseria carent, et dolorem sensu solum corporeo describunt.
  2. Exempli gratia, Wayne Hudson in "Historicizing Suffering," caput quattuordecim Malpas et Lickiss, ait: "According to the standard account suffering is a universal human experience described as a negative basic feeling or emotion that involves a subjective character of unpleasantness, aversion, harm or threat of harm to body or mind (Spelman 1997; Cassell 1991)."
  3. Inter exempla miseriae corporeae sunt dolor variorum generum, nimis calor, nimis frigus, prurigo, fames, sitis, nausea, dyspnea, somnus haud sufficiens. "IASP Pain Terminology" "UAB - School of Medicine - Center for Palliative and Supportive Care - Home"  Alia exempla citantur in pagina 103 Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics, libri L. W. Sumner: "Think for a moment of the many physical symptoms which, when persistent, can make our lives miserable: nausea, hiccups, sneezing, dizziness, disorientation, loss of balance, itching, 'pins and needles', 'restless legs', tics, twitching, fatigue, difficulty in breathing, and so on."
  4. Miseria mentalis etiam appellari potest psychologica vel animi motus (dolor psychologicus). Inter exempla miseriae mentalis sunt depressio (psychiatria), desperatio, maeror, tristitia, solitudo, angor, taedium, irritatio, ira, zelus, invidia, desiderium, frustratio, anxietas, timor, pavor, pudor, culpa, paenitentia, conturbatio, dedecus, sollicitudo.
  5. Eggerman et Mark 2010.

BibliographiaRecensere

 
Angor. Pictura Augusti Friderici Albrechti Schenck (circa 1878).
  • Amato, Joseph A. 1990. Victims and Values: A History and a Theory of Suffering. Novi Eboraci: Praeger. ISBN 0-275-93690-2.
  • Anderson, Ronald. 2014. Human Suffering and Quality of Life. SpringerBriefs in Well-Being and Quality of Life Research. ISBN 978-94-007-7668-5.
  • Anderson, Ronald. 2015. World Suffering and Quality of Life. Social Indicators Research Series, 56. ISBN 978-94-017-9669-9.
  • Austin, U. 1982. "Suffering in Muslim religious thought." Islamic Quarterly 26: 28–39.
  • Ayoub, M. M. 1982. "The Problem of Suffering in Islam." Alserat 8 (2–4): 11–21, 26–35
  • Ayoub, M. M. 1975. Redemptive Suffering in Islam: A Study of the Devotional Aspects of ‘Ashura’ in Twelver Shi’ism. Hagae: Mouton. Dissertatio.
  • Baecque, Antoine de. 2015, En d'atroces souffrances, Alma Editeur.
  • Boltanski, Luc. 1993. La Souffrance à distance: Morale humanitaire, médias et politique, Métailié.
  • Bowker, John. 1968. "The Problem of Suffering in the Qur’an." Religious Studies 4: 183–202.
  • Bowker, John. 1975. Problems of suffering in religions of the world.;; Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-09903-X.
  • Cassell, Eric J. 1991. The nature of suffering: and the goals of medicine. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195052226.
  • Davies, James. The Importance of Suffering: the value and meaning of emotional discontent. Londinii: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-66780-1.
  • Eggerman, Panter Brick, et Catherine Mark. 2010. "Suffering, hope, and entrapment: Resilience and cultural values in Afghanistan." Social Science and Medicine 71 (1): 71–83. PMID 20452111. Editio interretialis.
  • Galindo Rodrigo, José Antonio. 2011. Dios y el sufrimiento humano: Preguntas y respuestas sobre el problema del mal. Encuentro. ISBN 9788499207629.
  • Gómez Pérez, Rafael. 2012. Sentido del sufrimiento. Ediciones Rialp. ISBN 9788432139765.
  • Halpern, Cynthia. 2002. Suffering, Politics, Power: a Genealogy in Modern Political Theory. Albaniae: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-5103-8.
  • Leaman, Oliver. 1995. Evil and Suffering in Jewish Philosophy. Novi Eboraci. ISBN 0-521-42722-3.
  • Malpas, Jeff, et Norelle Lickiss, eds. 2012. Perspectives on human suffering. Dordrecht et Novi Eboraci: Springer. ISBN 9789400727946, ISBN 9400727941.
  • Mayerfeld, Jamie. 2005. Suffering and Moral Responsibility. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515495-9.
  • Metzinger, Thomas. 2017. "Suffering." In The Return of Consciousness, ed. Kurt Almqvist et Anders Haag. Holmiae: Axel and Margaret Ax:son Johnson Foundation. ISBN 978-91-89672-90-1. PDF.
  • Monge Sánchez, Miguel Angel, et José Luis León Gómez. 1998. El sentido del sufrimiento: reflexiones de dos capellanes de la Clínica Universitaria de navarra sobre la vida y la muerte, el dolor y el sufrimiento. Matriti: Palabra. ISBN 8482392220
  • Morris, David B. 2002. The Culture of Pain. Berkeleiae: University of California. ISBN 0-520-08276-1.
  • Poveda, Jesús, et Silvia Laforet. 2011. Con la vida en los talones: Nunca des nada por perdido. Grupo Planeta Spain. ISBN 9788467038965.
  • Scarry, Elaine. 1987. The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World. Novi Eboraci: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504996-9.
  • Spelman, Elizabeth V. 1997. Fruits of sorrow: framing our attention to suffering. Bostoniae: Beacon Press. ISBN 0807014206

Nexus externiRecensere

  Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad miseriam humanam spectant.
  Vicicitatio habet citationes quae ad miseriam spectant.