Casimirus Funk (natus Kazimierz Funk Varsoviae 23 Februarii 1884; mortuus Albaniae die 19 Novembris 1967, Anglice Casimir Funk appellatus) fuit biochemicus Polonus. Inter primos habetur qui notionem vitaminorum excogitaverint. Ipse nomen Anglicum vitamines primus anno 1912 dedit.

Wikidata Casimirus Funk
Res apud Vicidata repertae:
Casimirus Funk: imago
Casimirus Funk: imago
Nativitas: 23 Februarii 1884; Varsovia
Obitus: 20 Novembris 1967; Albania
Patria: Polonia

Filius dermatologi, in urbe nativa educatus est,[1] sed annum aetatis quindecimum agens de pathologia et physiologia inquirere incepit. Helvetiam anno fere 1900 petens, primum Genavae iuxta Robertum Hippolytum Chodat(fr) scholae Genevensis professorem,[2] deinde tres annos in universitate Bernensi studuit, Stanislai Kostanecki discipulus. Ibi anno 1904 doctoratum accepit. Statim Lutetiam profectus apud Institutum Pasteuranum iuxta Gabrielem Bertrand laborare coepit, sed post duos annos Berolinum migravit ubi cum Aemilio Fischer et Aemilio Abderhalden analyses aminoacidorum perfecit. Londinii in Instituto Medicinae Praeventivae Listeriano(en) ab anno 1910 causam curamque beriberi in hominibus et morbi persimilis polyneuritidis in columbis investigabat:[3] e quo opere vitamina reperire coepit primusque Anglice vitamine -s nominavit.[4] Quas excogitationes Theodisce plenius anno 1914 divulgaverit.[5]

Scripta selecta

recensere
  • 1911 (primo auctore E. A. Cooper) : "Experiments on the causation of beri-beri: preliminary communication" in The Lancet (4 Novembris 1911) pp. 1266-1267
  • 1911 : "On the chemical nature of the substance which cures polyneuritis in birds induced by a diet of polished rice" in Journal of physiology vol. 43 (1911) pp. 395-400
  • 1912 : "The etiology of the deficiency diseases: beri-beri, polyneuritis in birds, epidemic deopsy, scurvy, experimental scurvy in animals, infantile scurvy, ship beri-beri, pellagra" in Journal of State Medicine vol. 20 (1912) pp. 341–368: Epitome, JSTOR
  • 1914 : Die Vitamine: ihre Bedeutung für die Physiologie und Pathologie, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Avitaminosen (Beriberi, Skorbut, Pellagra, Rachitis). Aquis Mattiacis: J. F. Bergmann, 1914 Textus
  • 1922 (Harry E. Dubin, interpr.) : The vitamines: authorized translation from second German edition. Baltimorae: Williams & Wilkins
  • 1926 : "The Isolation of Insulin" in Science n.s. vol. 63 (1926) pp. 401-402 JSTOR
  • 1926 : "The chemical nature of insulin" in Experimental Biology and Medicine vol. 23 no. 4 (1926)
  • 1936 (cum Harry E. Dubin) : Vitamin and mineral therapy. Novi Eboraci
  1. Berger (2013)
  2. Piro et al. (2010)
  3. Cooper et Funk (1910); Funk (1911)
  4. This substance seems to be the curative agent, and for purpose of simplicity I would propose to call it provisionally beri-beri vitamine: Funk (1912) p. 347; I suppose that the present résumé has convinced the reader of the physiological importance of vitamines. It is quite possible that their importance is much more considerable than is indicated in this paper: Funk (1912) p. 366. Jack Cecil Drummond, "The Nomenclature of the So-called Accessory Food Factors (Vitamins)" in Biochemical Journal vol. 14 (1920) p. 660
  5. Funk (1914)

Bibliographia

recensere
De vita et opere
  • Stanisław Berger, "Kazimierz (Casimir) Funk – Pioneer in Vitaminology – 101 Anniversary of His Discovery" in Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences vol. 63 (2013) pp. 201-205
  • Paul Griminger, "Casimir Funk: a biographical sketch (1884–1967)" in Journal of Nutrition vol. 102 (1972) pp. 1105–1113 situs venalis
  • Benjamin Harrow, Casimir Funk: Pioneer in Vitamins and Hormones. Novi Eboraci: Dodd, Mead, 1955 recensio huius operis
  • T. M., "Casimir Funk, Ph.D." in British Medical Journal (1967 vol. 4) pp. 624-625 JSTOR
  • Paul F. Ostrowski, "Who Discovered Vitamins?" in Polish Review vol. 31 (1986) pp. 171-183 JSTOR   Inter fontes nostros
  • Anna Piro et al., "Casimir Funk: His Discovery of the Vitamins and Their Deficiency Disorders" in Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism vol. 57 (2010) pp. 85–88 JSTOR
De contextu operis
  • W. Leonard Braddon, The Cause and Prevention of Beri-Beri. Londinii, 1907
  • Karim Bschir, Wissenschaft und Realität. Tubingae: Mohr Siebeck, 2012. ISBN 978-3-16-151934-5.
  • David Gentilcore, Matthew Smith, Proteins, pathologies and politics: dietary innovation and disease from the nineteenth century. Londinii: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018. ISBN 9781350056862
  • Maciej Iłowiecki, Dzieje nauki polskiej [Historia scientiae Polonicae]. Varsoviae: Wydawnictwo Interpress, 1981. ISBN 978-83-223-1876-8
  • B. C. P. Jansen, W. F. Donath, "Isolation of Anti-Beriberi-Vitamin" in Mededeelingen van den Dienst der Volksgezondheid in Ned.-Indie (1927) fasc. 1
  • George Rosen, A History of Public Health. JHU Press, 2015
  • William Rostène, Pierre de Meyts, "Insulin: A 100-Year-Old Discovery With a Fascinating History" in Endocrine Reviews vol. 42 (2021) pp. 503-527
  • Ellie Souganidis, "Nobel Laureates in the History of the Vitamins" in Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism vol. 61 (2012) pp. 265-269 JSTOR
  • Simon Spedding, "Vitamins are more Funky than Casimir thought" in Australasian Medical Journal vol. 6 (2013) pp. 104–106

Nexus interni

Nexus externi

recensere
  Lexica biographica:  • Deutsche Biographie
  Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Casimirum Funk spectant.