H.D. (nata Hilda Doolittle; 10 Septembris 188627 Septembris 1961) fuit poetria Americana, scriptrix mythistoriarum, et scriptrix memoriarum quae ob coniunctiones litterarias cum Ezra Pound, Ricardo Aldington, aliisque motus Imagismi saeculi vicensimi ineuntis poetis avant-garde innotuit.

H.D., in Pennsylvania anno 1886 nata, Londinium anno 1911 migravit, ubi sua scripta significabant eam personas primas agere intra motum Imagistam tum emergentem. Ipsa, figura charismatica, eo tempore ab Ezra Pound defendebatur, poeta modernisto, qui eius curriculum vitae magnopere adiuvit. Annis 1916 et 1917, ea fuit editor litteraria periodici Egoist, cum eius poemata in English Review et Transatlantic Review proferrentur. Per secundum bellum mundanum, H.D. mortem fratris et dissolutionem suae coniugii cum poeta Ricardo Aldington passa est,[1] et hi eventus sua poemata posteriora magnopere tetigerunt. Glenn Hughes, Imagismi peritus, sic scripsit: "eius solitudo ex eius poematibus plorat."[2][3] Operam litteris Graecis antiquis dedit, et sua poemata saepe mythologiam Graecam poetasque classicos attingunt. Opera saepe pro incorporatione scaenarum rerumque naturae innotescunt, quae ad evocandum certum sensum vel animum saepe adhibentur.

H.D. decennio 194 amica Sigmundi Freud eius aeger analyticus ad intellegendam et exprimendam suam bisexualitatem facta est.[4] H.D. semel nupsit, et varias coniunctiones heterosexuales et lesbianas suscepit. De sua sexualitate aperta erat, et ergo facta est icon LGBT motuum socialium et feministici cum sua poemata, ludi, epistulae, et commentarii decennia 198 et 199 iterum invenirentur.

"Oread," unum ex suorum primis et optime notis poematibus, primum in anthologia anni 1915 divulgatum, hanc rationem ostendit:

Verba Anglica Verba Latine reddita

Whirl up, sea—
Whirl your pointed pines.
Splash your great pines
On our rocks.
Hurl your green over us—
Cover us with your pools of fir.[5]

Rotare, pelage
Rota tuas pinus praeacutas.
Asperge tuas pinus magnas
In nostra saxa.
Iace tuum viridem super nos—
Tege nos tuis lacunis abiegnis.

Primi versus poematis "The Walls Do Not Fall" clare et statim commutationem suae cogitationis monstrant:

Verba Anglica Verba Latine reddita

An incident here and there,
and rails gone (for guns)
from your (and my) old town square.

Casus hic et ibi,
tignis absentibus (pro sclopetis)
a tuo (et meo) prisco quadrato urbano.[6]

Opera selectaRecensere

Congeries poematumRecensere

  • Sea Garden (1916)
  • The God (1917)
  • Translations (1920)
  • Hymen (1921)
  • Heliodora and Other Poems (1924)
  • Hippolytus Temporizes (1927)
  • Red Roses for Bronze (1932)
  • The Walls Do Not Fall (1944)
  • Tribute to the Angels (1945)
  • Trilogy (1946)
  • Flowering of the Rod (1946)
  • By Avon River (1949)
  • Helen in Egypt, New Directions (1961)
  • Hermetic Definition, New Directions (1972)

Soluta oratioRecensere

  • Notes on Thought and Vision (1919)
  • Paint it Today (1921 scriptus, 1992 prolatus)
  • Asphodel (1921–22 scriptus, 1992 prolatus)
  • Palimpsest (1926)
  • Kora and Ka (1930)
  • Nights (1935)
  • The Hedgehog (1936)
  • Tribute to Freud (1956)
  • Bid Me to Live (1960)
  • End to Torment: A Memoir of Ezra Pound, New Directions (1979)
  • HERmione, New Directions (1981)
  • The Gift, New Directions (1982)
  • Majic Ring (1943–44 scriptus, 2009 prolatus)
  • The Sword Went Out to Sea (1946–47 scriptus, 2007 prolatus)
  • White Rose and the Red (1948 scriptus, 2009 prolatus)
  • The Mystery (1948–51 scriptus, 2009 prolatus)

AdnotationesRecensere

  1. Simon Featherstone, "War Poetry: An Introductory Reader (Critical Readers in Theory & Practice)" (Routledge, 1995), 164.
  2. Anglice: "her loneliness cries out from her poems."
  3. Glenn Hughes, Imagism & the Imagists (Stanford University Press, 1931).
  4. Vicki Bertram, Kicking Daffodils: Twentieth-Century Women Poets (Edimburgi: Edinburgh University Press, 1997, ISBN 074860782X), 39.
  5. Sandra M. Gilbert et Susan Gubar, "Shakespeare's Sisters: Feminist Essays on Women Poets" (Indiana University Press, 1979), 157.
  6. Anthologia "Sagetrieb" (University of Michigan, 2008), 49.

BibliographiaRecensere

  • Blau DuPlessis, Rachel. 1986. H.D.: The Career of that Struggle. The Harvester Press. ISBN 0-7108-0548-9.
  • Chisholm, Dianne. 1992. H.D.'s Freudian Poetics: Psychoanalysis in Translation. Ithacae Novi Eboraci: Cornell University Press.
  • Connor, Rachel. 2004. H.D. and the Image. Manchester: Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-7190-6122-9.
  • Duncan, Robert. 2011. The H.D. Book. Edited and with an Introduction by Michael Boughn and Victor Coleman. Berkeleiae: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-26075-7.
  • Friedman, Susan Stanford. 1990. Penelope's Web: Gender, Modernity, and H.D.'s Fiction. Novi Eboraci: Cambridge University Press.
  • Friedman, Susan Stanford. 1981. Psyche Reborn: The Emergence of H.D. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • Guest, Barbara. 1985. Herself Defined: The Poet H.D. and Her World. Collins. ISBN 0-385-13129-1.
  • Jones, Peter, ed. 1972. Imagist Poetry. Penguin.
  • Korg, Jacob. 2003. Winter Love: Ezra Pound and H.D. Madisoniae: University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0-299-18390-4.
  • Hughes, Gertrude Reif. 1990. Making it Really New: Hilda Doolittle, Gwendolyn Brooks, and the Feminist Potential of Modern Poetry. American Quarterly 42(3):375-401.
  • Morris, Adalaide. 2003. How to Live / What to Do: H.D.'s Cultural Poetics. Sicagi: University of Illinois Press.
  • Robinson, Janice S. 1982. H.D.: The Life and Work of an American Poet. Bostoniae: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Taylor, Georgina. 2001. H.D. and the Public Sphere of Modernist Women Writers. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press.
  • Bovier, François. 2009. H.D. et le groupe Pool. Lausanne: L'Âge d'homme. ISBN 2-8251-3850-9.
  • Harrell, Sarah Grace. 2010. H.D.'s incantations: Reading Trilogy as an occultist's creed. M.A. diss., University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Fontes in archivisRecensere

Nexus externiRecensere

  Vicicitatio habet citationes quae ad H.D. spectant.
  • H.D., www.english.uiuc.edu (Poesis Americana Moderna)
  • H.D., www.poets.org (Academia Poetarum Americanorum)
  Haec stipula ad biographiam spectat. Amplifica, si potes!
  Haec stipula ad litteras spectat. Amplifica, si potes!