Ecclesiae pacis sunt ecclesiae, greges, vel civitates Christianae quae pacifismum Christianum vel non repugnantiam biblicam suadent. Vocabulum ecclesiae pacis historicae solum ad tres greges ecclesiasticos inter ecclesias pacis spectat—Ecclesiam Fratrum, Religiosam Amicorum Sodalitatem (Tremebundos), et Mennonitas (inter quos Amish, Mennonitae Ordinis Veteris, et Mennonitae Conservativi)—et ex primo ecclesiarum pacis colloquio in Kansia anno 1935 habito adhibetur.[1][2][3][4]

Transfuga. Imago a Boardman Robinson facta (1916).

Definitio locutionis ecclesiae pacis aliquando ad comprehendos Christadelphianos (ex 1863) et Molokanos (Orthodoxos Russicos "lactis potatores") augetur, qui autem colloquio ecclesiarum pacis historicarum in Kansia anno 1935 habito non interfuerunt.[5] Ecclesiae pacis consentiunt Iesum suasisse non violentiam. Num autem vis physica umquam excusari possit, aut in defensione sui aut in defensione aliorum, controversia manet. Multi fideles in morali non repugnantiae habitu coram violentia severe stant, sed hae ecclesiae plerumque concedunt violentiam pro civitatibus et earum gubernationibus contra mores Christianos esse.

Inter omnes sectas Christianas semper fuerunt greges sodalium qui suadent non violentiam, quam autem certae ecclesiae constanter sustinent ex initio. Praeter tres ecclesias pacis historicas sunt Amish,[6] Mennonitae Ordinis Veteris, Mennonitae Conservativae, Hutteritae,[7] Fratres Baptistae Germani Veteres,[8] Fratres Fluminei Ordinis Veteris,[9] Fratres in Christo,[10][11] et aliae ecclesiae in traditione Anabaptistarum (Doukhobori,[12] Fratres Dunkard,[13][14] Molokani,[15] Communitates Bruderhof,[16] Schwenkfelderani,[17] Moraviani,[18] Shakers[19]), et adeo nonnulli greges intra motum Pentecostalem.[20] Coetus Dei, maxima ecclesia Pentecostalis, pacifismum circa tempus belli secundi mundani reliquerunt.[21][22] Hi greges intra et inter se discrepaverunt, num personas militares agere, sicut operarii medici non armati, vel munera a loco pugnae distantia civitates tempore belli adiuvanda sustinere deberent, sicut fabrica apparatuum belli. Aliud argumentum dicit Iesum, utinam adesset, patientis adiuvare velle; aliud, sic eos adiuvare auxilium ad violentiam oblique addere, alios homines expediens ut ei intersint.

Nexus interni

  1. "In 1935, BRETHREN, Mennonites, and Quakers met in North Newton, Kansas, for a conference on peace. The term HISTORIC PEACE CHURCHES was developed at this conference in order to distinguish between the groups' biblically based peaceful" (Donald B. Kraybill, Concise Encyclopedia of Amish, Brethren, Hutterites, and Mennonites, 2010:6).
  2. "The American Civil War brought the peace churches together in combined appeals to government. . . . This conference used the term historic peace churches as more acceptable to Mennonites than the term pacifist churches because the latter connoted theological liberalism" (The Brethren encyclopedia 1983:608).
  3. Speicher et Durnbaugh 2003.
  4. "The Selective Service, in collaboration with the historic peace churches, created Civilian Public Service. . . . In October 1940, to coordinate administration of the CPS camps, the historic peace churches established the NSBRO" (Piehler et Pash 2010:265).
  5. "Among the peace churches may be listed the Mennonite, Brethren, Friends, Christadelphians and Molakans. Other sects having a degree of pacifism in their doctrines include the Seventh Day Adventists, Assemblies of God and Churches of Christ. A more complex situation arises in connection with those registrants who do not base their claims (Law Review Digest 1957).
  6. "The Amish: Massacre at the Amish school in Nickel Mines Pennsylvaniae". .
  7. "Religion". .
  8. "Anabaptists Today". 2007-06-20 .
  9. "Old Order River Brethren". .
  10. Wittlinger 1978.
  11. "Christians & War," (The Brethren in Christ).
  12. "Pacifism and Anastasia's Doukhobor Village". .
  13. "Dunkard Brethren Church,"
  14. Durnbaugh 1997.
  15. "Molokan and Jumper Home Page". .
  16. "The Religion Report: Christians and immigration: Bruderhof,, 23 Martii 2005.
  17. "Brethern, Schwenkfelders and Other Plain People". .
  19. "Essay on Shaker History - Shaker Historic Trail - National Register of Historic Places,"
  20. "PCPJ - Pentecostals & Charismatics for Peace & Justice,
  21. Alexander 2009.
  22. "Issue-12-alexander-1,"


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  • Driver, Juan. 1970. How Christians Made Peace With War: Early Christian Understandings of War. Scottdale Pennsylvaniae: Herald Press. ISBN 0-8361-3461-3.
  • Driver, Juan. 1999. Radical Faith. Scottdale Pennsylvaniae: Herald Press. ISBN 0-9683462-8-6.
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  • Horsch, John. 1999. The Principle of Nonresistance as Held by the Mennonite Church. Ephrata Pennsylvaniae: Eastern Mennonite Publications.
  • Lederach, John Paul. 1999. The Journey Toward Reconciliation. Scottdale Pennsylvaniae: Herald Press. ISBN 0-8361-9082-3.
  • McGrath, Willam. 1980. Why We Are Conscientious Objectors to War. Millersburg Ohii: Amish Mennonite Publications.
  • Piehler, G. Kurt, et Sidney Pash. 2010. The United States and the Second World War: New Perspectives.
  • Ruth-Heffelbower, Duane. 1991. The Anabaptists Are Back: Making Peace in a Dangerous World. Scottdale Pennsylvaniae: Herald Press. ISBN 0-8361-3552-0.
  • Sampson, Cynthia. 1999. Religion and Peacebuilding. In Peacemaking in International Conflict: Methods and Techniques, ed. I. William Zartman et J. Lewis Rasmussen. Vasingtoniae: United States Institute of Peace Press.
  • Sider, Ronald. 1979. Christ and Violence. Scottdale Pennsylvaniae: Herald Press. ISBN 1579106560.
  • Speicher, Sara, et Donald F. Durnbaugh. 2003. Historic Peace Churches. Ecumenical Dictionary.
  • Trocmé, André. 1961, 2003. Jesus and the Nonviolent Revolution. Maryknoll Novi Eboraci: Orbis Books. ISBN 1570755388.
  • Van Dyck, Harry R. 1990. Exercise of Conscience: A World War II Objector Remembers. Buffalo Novi Eboraci: Prometheus Books. ISBN 0879755849.
  • Wink, Walter, ed. 2000. Peace Is the Way: Writings on Nonviolence from the Fellowship of Reconciliation. Maryknoll Novi Eboraci: Orbis Books. ISBN 1570753156.
  • Wittlinger, Carlton. 1978. Quest for Piety and Obedience: The Story of the Brethren in Christ. Evangel Press. ISBN 0916035050.

Nexus externi