Chrysanthemum (Graece χρυσός 'aurum' + ἄνθεμον 'flos'[4][5]) est genus plantarum florentium familiae Asteracearum, quae in Asia Orientali et Europa Septentrionali Orientalique endemicae sunt. Plurimae species ex Asia Orientali exoriuntur, centro diversitatis in Sinis sito.[6] Permultae cultivarietates hortis aptae hodie videntur.

Ordo : Asterales 
Familia : Asteraceae 
Subfamilia : Asteroideae 
Supertribus : Asterodae 
Tribus : Anthemideae 
Genus : Chrysanthemum 
* Chrysanthemum subsect. Dendranthema (DC.) DC. ex Kitam.
  • Neuractis Cass.
  • Pyrethrum sect. Dendranthema DC.
  • Leucanthemum (Tourn.) L.
  • Dendranthema (DC.) Des Moul.
Historica chrysanthemorum pictura in New International Encyclopedia (1902).
Chrysanthemum indicum.
Varii Chrysanthemi x morifolii colores.
Chrysanthemum bonsai Iaponiense.
Cratera lacquerware rubri cui sunt chrysanthema et dracones sculpti domus Ming.
Chrysanthema, lapis, avis, tabula Coreana, saeculo undevicensimo.
Exhibitiones chrysanthemorum in multis oppidis Iaponiensibus traditionaliter celebrantur.[3]

Plants of the World Online species sequentis mense Februario anni 2020 approbavit.[7]

Species sequentes in hoc genus olim digerebantur.



Nexus interni

  1. conserved type ratified by General Committee, Nicolson, Taxon 48: 375 (1999)
  2. Tropicos, Chrysanthemum L.
  3. Jacob Mortimer Wier Silver, Love of Flowers: "Sketches of Japanese manners and customs" (1867).
  4. David Beaulieu. "Chrysanthemums and Hardy Mums – Colorful Fall Flowers". Home .
  5. "Chrysanthemums: Rethinking a Fast-Food Flower". 17 Septembris 2019 .
  6. Liu et al. 2012.
  7. "Chrysanthemum L.". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew .


  • Baines, John, et Jaromir Malek. 1980. Les Livres De France.
  • Carvalho, S. M. P., et al. 2005. "Temperature affects Chrysanthemum flower characteristics differently during three phases of the cultivation period." Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 8 (2): 209–16. doi:10.1080/14620316.2005.11511919.
  • Liu, P. L., et al. 2012. "Phylogeny of the genus Chrysanthemum L.: Evidence from single-copy nuclear gene and chloroplast DNA sequences." PLOS One 7 (11), e48970. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0048970. Editio interretialis.
  • Redford, Donald B., ed. 2001. Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. American University in Cairo Press. ISBN 9774245814.
  • Scopes, Nigel E. A. 1975. Pests, diseases and nutritional disorders of chrysanthemums. Ed. emendata. Londinii: National Chrysanthemum Society. ISBN 0901631191.
  • Scopes, Nigel E. A., et Allen Langton. 1976. Chrysanthemums: the inside story. Londinii: National Chrysanthemum Society.
  • Shaw, Ian. 2000. Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-815034-2.
  • Shaw, Ian, et Paul Nicholson. 1995.l Dictionary of Ancient Egypt. Harry N. Abrams, Inc. ISBN 0-8109-3225-3.
  • Strouhal, Eugen. 1992. Life of the Ancient Egyptian. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-2475-X.
  • van der Ploeg, A., et E. Heuvelink. 2006. "The influence of temperature on growth and development of chrysanthemum cultivars: a review." Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 81 (2): 174–82. doi:10.1080/14620316.2006.11512047.
  • Zhao, Hong-Bo, Fa-Di Chen, Su-Mei Chen, Guo-Sheng Wu, et Wei-Ming Guo. 2010. "Molecular phylogeny of Chrysanthemum, Ajania and its allies (Anthemideae, Asteraceae) as inferred from nuclear ribosomal ITS and chloroplast trnL-F IGS sequences." Plant Systematics and Evolution 284 (3–4): 153–69. doi:10.1007/s00606-009-0242-0.
  • Zhao, Hong-Bo, Z. H. Liu, X. Hu, J. L. Yin, W. Li, G. Y. Rao, X. H. Zhang, C. L. Huang, N. Anderson, Q. X. Zhang, et J. Y. Chen. 2009. "Chrysanthemum genetic resources and related genera of Chrysanthemum collected in China." Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 56: 937–46. doi:10.1007/s10722-009-9412-8.

Nexus externi

  Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Chrysanthemum spectant.
  Vide "Chrysanthemum" apud Vicispecies.
  Situs scientifici: Tropicos • Tela Botanica • GRIN • ITIS • NCBI • Biodiversity • Encyclopedia of Life • Plant Name Index • WoRMS: Marine Species • Plantes d'Afrique • Flora of China • Flora of North America • USDA Plants Database