Tamerlanes[1][2] (lingua Chagatai? تيمور Temür 'ferrum'; natus 9 Aprilis 1336; mortuus 1719 Februarii 1405), postea Timūr Gurkānī (Chagatai تيمور کورگن Temür Küregen[3]), nomine aliquando Taimur scripto, in historia plerumque Amir Timur appellatus (Persice تيمور لنگ Temūr(-i) Lang; Chagatai اقساق تیمور Aqsaq Temür,[4]; Anglice Tamerlane 'Temür Claudus'), fuit conquestor Turco-Mongolicus, qui Imperium Timuridum in et circa Afganiam, Iraniam, et Asiam Mediam condidit, primus domus Timuridarum rector. Imperator invictus late putatur unus ex maximis mundi ducibus exercituum et rei militaris peritis.[5][6] Etiam habetur magnus artis architecturaeque patronus, qui Ibn Khaldun, Hafiz-i Abru, aliisque hominibus magnae mentis de facie utebatur, atque eius regnum Renascentiam Timuridarum introduxit.[5]

Statua Tamerlanis. Forensica refectio facialis ab M. Gerasimov anno 1941 effecta.
Tabula geographica imperii Tamerlanis.

Nexus interni

NotaRecensere

  1. Ei sunt multa nomina secundum sermones, exempli gratia, Tīmür bin Taraghay Barlas, Temur, Taimur, Timur Lenk, Timur-i Leng, Temur -e Lang, Amir Timur, Aqsaq Timur, Tamerlano, et Tamburlaine.
  2. Attestatio Latini nominis: De Tamerlanis Parthi rebus gestis. Ibidem etiam: Tamerlanus. Alia nomina Latina: Timurus ([1]), Temurlenus ([2]), Tamburlanus ([3]).
  3. Heissig, Walther; Sagaster, Klaus (1989). Gedanke und Wirkung: Festschrift zum 90. Geburtstag von Nikolaus Poppe. ISBN 9783447028936 .
  4. Johanson, Lars (1998). The Turkic Languages. Routledge. p. 27. ISBN 0-415-08200-5 .
  5. 5.0 5.1 Marozzi, Justin (2004). Tamerlane: Sword of Islam, conqueror of the world. HarperCollins .
  6. Josef W. Meri (2005). Medieval Islamic Civilization. Routledge. p. 812. ISBN 9780415966900 .

BibliographiaRecensere

  • Knobler, Adam. 1995. "The Rise of Tīmūr and Western Diplomatic Response, 1390–1405." Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Third Series 5 (3): 341–49. doi:10.1017/S135618630000660X.
  • Knobler, Adam. 2001. "Timur the (Terrible/Tartar) Trope: a Case of Repositioning in Popular Literature and History." Medieval Encounters 7 (1): 101–112. doi:10.1163/157006701X00102.
  • Manz, Beatrice Forbes. 1999. The Rise and Rule of Tamerlane. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521633840.
  • May, Timothy. "Timur ("the Lame") (1336–1405)." The Encyclopedia of War.
  • Melville, Charles. 2020. The Timurid Century: The Idea of Iran. Vol. 9. University of Cambridge. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781838606152.
  • Nicol, Donald M. 1993. The Last Centuries of Byzantium, 1261–1453. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521439916.
  • Tsai, Shih-Shan Henry. 2002. Perpetual Happiness: The Ming Emperor Yongle. Seattli: University of Washington Press. ISBN 9780295981246. OCLC 870409962.

Nexus externiRecensere

  Lexici biographici:  • Большая российская энциклопедия • Encyclopædia Britannica
  Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Tamerlanem spectant.