Mustapha Kemal Atatürk

(Redirectum de Mustafa Kemal Atatürk)
Wikidata-logo.svg Mustapha Kemal Atatürk
Res apud Vicidata repertae:
Mustapha Kemal Atatürk: imago
Mustapha Kemal Atatürk: subscriptio
Nativitas: 1881; Thessalonica
Obitus: 10 Novembris 1938; Dolmabahçe Palace
Patria: Turcia, Imperium Ottomanicum
Nomen nativum: Ali Rıza oğlu Mustafa

Officium

Officium: President of Turkey, Member of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, Сhairman of the Сabinet of the Executive Ministers of Turkey
Munus: politicus, military officer, homo in re publica potens, scriptor, Rerum novarum cupidi

Consociatio

Factio: Republican People's Party

Familia

Genitores: Ali Rıza Efendi; Zübeyde Hanım
Coniunx: Latife Uşaki
Proles: Sabiha Gökçen, Ülkü Adatepe, Abdurrahim Tuncak, Afet İnan, Zehra Aylin, Rukiye Erkin, Nebile İrdelp, Sığırtmaç Mustafa

Memoria

Laurae: Order of St Alexander, Medal of Independence, Liakat Medal, Gallipoli Star, Imtiyaz Medal, Iron Cross, Military Merit Cross, Bronze Military Merit Medal, Silver Military Merit Medal, Order of the Crown, 1st class, Order of the Medjidie, 2nd class, Order of the Medjidie, 5th class, Order of the Medjidie, Ordo Ottomaniae, Eques Legionis Honoris
Sepultura: Anıtkabir, Ethnography Museum of Ankara

Mustapha Kemal (natus die 19 Maii 1881; mortuus die 10 Novembris 1938), post primum bellum mundanum rem publicam Turcarum restituit atque reformavit. Cives plurimi tamquam deum paene aliquem aut heroem saltem Mustapham Kemal venerantur, cui, ut vero patri patriae, cognomen Atatürk a parlamento Turcarum anno 1934 additum est. Quod verbum, 'pater Turcarum' significans, postea saepe in solam eius nuncupationem adhiberi solet.

Vita et factaRecensere

Mustafa Kemal natus est Thessalonicae anno 1881. Dux diuturna militia spectatus, cum anno 1915 Britannos, ne ad Constantinopolim procedere possent, prohibuisset, quominus Hellesponto potirentur, quamvis Turcia bello superata esset, anno 1921, quidquid supererat de imperio Turcarum imperatore invito tam feliciter redintegravit, ut Graecorum exercitum Asiae Occidentalis occupandae cupidum e finibus patriae propellere posset. Graecos autem ipsos, qui diutius duobus milibus annorum et septingentis in Asia habitaverant, numero ad ter decies centena milia, in Graeciam expulit, Turcarum ex Europa ortorum ad quater centena milia in Turciam recepit.

Quam ob rem auctoritas eius tanta est facta ut, cum in re publica ad exemplum populorum Europaeorum radicitus renovanda et restituenda, nihil non moliretur: omnia facile impetraverit. Abolito igitur regno et pontificatu imperatoris summaque rerum Constantinopoli Ancyram translata cultum religionis a rebus publicis procul removit feminasque eiusdem iuris esse curavit atque viros. Quas leges ne quis converteret, id quod nostra aetate iudicantibus tyrannico quodam more fecisse videtur, quae gentes quam populus Turcarum multitudine minores in Turcia sedes habent, velut Carduchi, Armenii, Lases, eas linguis institutionibus moribusque oppressis sub Turcarum nomine coegit omnes et exercitui custodiam rei publicae perpetuam mandavit.

Mortuus est Atatürk Constantinopoli die 10 Novembris 1938.

NotaeRecensere


BibliographiaRecensere

  • Ahmad, Feroz. 1993. The Making of Modern Turkey. Londinii, Novi Eboraci: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-07835-1.
  • Armstrong, Harold Courtenay. 1972. Grey Wolf, Mustafa Kemal: An Intimate Study of a Dictator. Freeport Novi Eboraci: Books for Libraries Press. ISBN 978-0-8369-6962-7.
  • Atillasoy, Yüksel (2002). Atatürk: First President and Founder of the Turkish Republic. Woodside Novi Eboraci: Woodside House. ISBN 978-0971235342 
  • Barber, Noel (1988). Lords of the Golden Horn: From Suleiman the Magnificent to Kemal Ataturk. Londinii: Arrow. ISBN 978-0099539506 
  • Barlas, Dilek (1998). Statism and Diplomacy in Turkey: Economic and Foreign Policy Strategies in an Uncertain World, 1929–1939. Novi Eboraci: Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-9004108554 
  • Cleveland, William L (2004). A History of the Modern Middle East. Boulder Colorati: Westview Press. ISBN 978-0813340487 
  • Dogan, Çagatay Emre (2003). Formation of Factory Settlements Within Turkish Industrialization and Modernization in 1930s: Nazilli Printing Factory. Ankara: Middle East Technical University 
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  • Igdemir, Ulug; Mango, Andrew, interpr. (1963). Atatürk. Ancyrae: Turkish National Commission for UNESCO. pp. 165–170 
  • Inan, Ayse Afet (2007). Atatürk Hakkinda Hatiralar ve Belgeler. Istanbul: Türkiye Is Bankasi Kültür Yayinlari. ISBN 9944881401 
  • Inan, Ayse Afet; Sevim, Ali; Süslü, Azmi; Tural, M Akif (1998). Medeni bilgiler ve M. Kemal Atatürk'ün el Yazilari. Ankara: AKDTYK Atatürk Arastirma Merkezi. ISBN 978-9751612762 
  • Kinross, Patrick (2003). Atatürk: The Rebirth of a Nation. Londinii: Phoenix Press. ISBN 978-1842125991 
  • Kinross, Patrick (1979). The Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire. Novi Eboraci: Morrow. ISBN 978-0688080938 
  • Landau, Jacob M (1983). Atatürk and the Modernization of Turkey. Boulder Colorati: Westview Press. ISBN 978-0865319868 
  • Lengyel, Emil (1962). They Called Him Atatürk. Novi Eboraci: The John Day Co 
  • Mango, Andrew (2002) [[[1999]]]. Ataturk: The Biography of the Founder of Modern Turkey (Paperback ed.). Woodstock Novi Eboraci: Overlook Press, Peter Mayer Publishers, Inc. ISBN 1-58567-334-x 
  • Mango, Andrew (2004). Atatürk. Londinii: John Murray. ISBN 978-0719565922 
  • Saikal, Amin; Schnabel, Albrecht (2003). Democratization in the Middle East: Experiences, Struggles, Challenges. Tocii: United Nations University Press. ISBN 978-9280810851 
  • Shaw, Stanford Jay; Shaw, Ezel Kural (19761977). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey. Cantabrigiae et Novi Eboraci: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521212809 
  • Spangnolo, John (1992). The Modern Middle East in Historical Perspective: Essays in Honour of Albert Hourani. Oxoniae: Middle East Centre, St. Antony's College. ISBN 978-0863721649 
  • Tunçay, Mete (1972). Mesaî: Halk Sûrâlar Firkasi Programi, 1920. Ankara: Ankara Üniversitesi Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi 
  • Tüfekçi, Gürbüz D (1981). Universality of Atatürk's Philosophy. Ankara: Pan Matbaacilik 
  • Yapp, Malcolm (1987). The Making of the Modern Near East, 1792–1923. Londinii et Novi Eboraci: Longman. ISBN 978-0582493803 
  • Webster, Donald Everett (1973). The Turkey of Atatürk; Social Process in the Turkish Reformation. Novi Eboraci: AMS Press. ISBN 978-0404563332 
  • Zürcher, Erik Jan (2004). Turkey: A Modern History. Londinii et Novi Eboraci: I. B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1850433996 
Diurna

Nexus interni

Nexus externusRecensere