Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, greges Cicla et Flavescens

Chard (Beta vulgaris var cicla).jpg
Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris cauli rubro

Ordo : Caryophyllales 
Familia : Amaranthaceae 
Genus : Beta 
Species : Beta vulgaris 
Subspecies : Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris 
   

Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, greges Cicla et Flavescens, sunt viride familiae Amaranthacearum ordinis Caryophyllalium holus foliaceum. Petioli inter cultivarietates Gregis Flavescentis sunt magni, et saepe praeter laminas foliorum parantur.[1] Inter autem cultivarietates Gregis Ciclae, folia luxuriosa esse solent. Laminae folii virides vel subrubrae sunt; petioli plerumque albi sunt, et clari flavi vel rubri.[2]

Folia huius holeris, sicut folia multorum vegetabiliium, sunt magnopere alibilia, unde elementum diaetarum sanarum populo gratum est.[3] Arti coquinariae aliquot saecula prodest, sed quia betarum plantarumque sicut Cynarae cardunculi similis est, nomina vulgaria inter coquos culturasque confusa possunt.[4] Ei sunt multa nomina vulgaria.[5][6]

ClassificatioRecensere

 
Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris in macello foris venumdatur.
 
Caules rubri.
 
Caules flavi.
 
Caules rubri et flavi.

Greges Cicla et Flavescens Betae vulgaris subsp. vulgaris primum anno 1753 a Carolo Linnaeo nomine Beta vulgaris var. cicla descriptae sunt.[7] Eius gradus taxinomicus saepe mutatur, ut subspecies, convarietas, sive varietas Betae vulgaris tractaretur. (Inter multa synonyma sunt Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla (L.) W.D.J. Koch (Grex Cicla), B. vulgaris subsp. cicla (L.) W.D.J. Koch var. cicla L., B. vulgaris var. cycla (L.) Ulrich, B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (Grex Leaf Beet), B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (Grex Spinach Beet), B. vulgaris subsp. cicla (L.) W.D.J. Koch (Grex Flavescens), B. vulgaris subsp. cicla (L.) W.D.J. Koch var. flavescens (Lam.) DC., B. vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris (Grex Leaf Beet), B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (Grex Swiss Chard)).[8] Aliae speciei Betae vulgaris subsp. vulgaris plantae sunt Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris Grex Altissima et Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris Grex Conditiva.[9][10] Omnes sunt culti Betae vulgaris subsp. maritimae progenies. Hae plantae olim in familiam Chenopodiacearum digerebantur, quarum paene omnes inter Amaranthaceas sensu lato nunc digeruntur.

Duo cultivarietatum greges sine gradu taxinomico sunt Grex Cicla (Anglice leafy spinach beet) et Grex Flavescens (stalky Swiss chard).[8]

NotaeRecensere

  1. Librarie Larousse, ed. (1984). Larousse Gastronomique: The World's Greatest Cooking Encyclopedia. The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited .
  2. Lapsus in citando: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cornell2
  3. Lapsus in citando: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named self.com
  4. "Swiss chard". Growing Guide. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. 2006 .
  5. "Beta vulgaris (Leaf Beet Group)". Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Missuriae. 2017 .
  6. "Production guidelines for Swiss chard". Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Republic of South Africa .
  7. Beta vulgaris var. cicla at Tropicos, accessed 27 Februarii 2014.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Sorting Beta names at MMPND Formula:Webarchive.
  9. Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris at Tropicos, accessed, 2015-02-27
  10. Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris. In: Uotila, P. (2011): Chenopodiaceae (pro parte majore). In Euro+Med Plantbase, accessed, 27 Februarii 2014.

BibliographiaRecensere

  • D'Avila-Latourrette, Victor-Antoine. 2011. The monastery garden cookbook: farm-fresh recipes for the home cook. Woodstock Montis Viridis: Countryman Press; Novi Eboraci: a W. W. Norton distributus. ISBN 9780881509236, ISBN 088150923X
  • Dobbs, Liz. 2012. "It's chard to beet." The Garden 137 (6): 54. Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Kugler, F., F. C. Stintzing, et R. CARLE. 2004. "Identification of betalains from differently coloured Swiss Chard (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. cicla [L.] Alef. cv. "Bright Lights") by high-performance liquid chromatography—electrospray ionization mass spectrometry." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52: 2975-81.
  • Mattus, Matt. 2018. Mastering the art of vegetable gardening: rare varieties, unusual options, plant lore & guidance. Minneapoli Minnesotae: Cool Springs Press. ISBN 9780760361924.
  • Ramsey, Glen B. 1944. Market diseases of fruits and vegetables: beets, endive, escarole, globe artichokes, lettuce, rhubarb, spinach, swiss chard, and sweetpotatoes. Vasingtoniae: U. S. Government Printing Office.
  • Scicolone, Michele. 2014. The Italian vegetable cookbook: 200 favorite recipes for antipasti, soups, pasta, main dishes, and desserts. Bostoniae: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 9780547909165.
  • Scott-Goodman, Barbara, et Liz Trovato. 2011. Eat greens: seasonal recipes to enjoy in abundance. Philadelphiae: Running Press. ISBN 9780762439072, ISBN 0762439076.

Nexus externiRecensere

  Situs scientifici:  • Tela Botanica • Biodiversity • Flora of China • INPN France