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Provinciae et territoria Canadae

"O Canada, we stand on guard for thee." Vitrum tinctum in Yeo Hall Collegii Militaris Regalis Canadae arma heraldica provinciarum et territoriorum Canadae monstrat (1965).

Provinciae et territoria Canadae sunt geographicae divisiones administrativae Canadae quae proprie provinciae et territoria appellantur et gubernationem subnationalem praebent. Cum anno 1867 Canada constitueretur, tres provinciae Americae Septentrionalis BritannicaeNovum Brunsvicum, Nova Scotia, et Canada Provincia (quae, Canada constituta, in Ontarionem et Quebecum denuo divisa est)—coniungerentur ad coloniam foederatam constituendam, quae deinde saeculo proximo civitas sui iuris facta est.

Fines internationles Canadae interdum commutati sunt, et civitas crevit a quattuor provinciis primis ad hodiernas provincias decem et territoria tria. Decem provinciae sunt Alberta, Columbia Britannica, Manitoba, Novum Brunsvicum, Terra Nova et Terra Laboratoria, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Insula principis Eduardi, Quebecum, et Saskatchewan. Nonnullae provinciae olim fuerunt coloniae Britannicae, Quebecum primum fuit colonia Francica, et aliae divisiones administrativae deinde accessae sunt. Tria territoria sunt Territoria septentrio-occidentalia (Canada), Nunavut, et Yukon, quae reliquia Americae Septentrionalis Britannicae gubernant. Provinciae et territoria una constituunt secundam orbis terrarum civitatem a maxima per aream descriptam.

Principales differentiae inter provinciam Canadiensem et territorium Canadiense est quod provinciae earum potestatem et auctoritatem ex Actu Constitutionis 1867 Parlamenti Britannici accipiunt (olim Actus Americae Septentrionalis Britannicae appellato), quandoquidem respublicae territoriales potestates exercent quae a Parlamento Canadae eis conceduntur.

ProvinciaeRecensere

Vexillum Arma
heraldica
Provincia Imminutio
postalica
Caput[1] Maxima urbs
(per multitudinem)[2]
In confederationem
intravit[3]
Multitudo
(Iulio 2014)[4]
Area: terra (km2)[5] Area: aqua (km2)[5] Area: summa (km2)[5] Lingua(e) publica(e)[6] Parlamentum Foederale:
Sedes in Communibus[7]
Parlamentum Foederale:
Sedes in Senatu[7]
    Ontario ON Torontum Torontum 1 Iulii 1867 13,678,700 917,741 158,654 1,076,395 Anglica (de facto) 121 24
    Quebecum QC Quebecum urbs Mons Regius 1 Iulii 1867 8,214,700 1,356,128 185,928 1,542,056 Francica 78 24
    Nova Scotia NS Halifaxia Halifaxia 1 Iulii 1867 942,700 53,338 1,946 55,284 Anglica 11 10
    Novum Brunsvicum NB Frederictonia Sanctus Ioanne 1 Iulii 1867 753,900 71,450 1,458 72,908 Anglica et Francogallica 10 10
    Manitoba MB Winnipeg Winnipeg 15 Iulii 1870 1,282,000 553,556 94,241 647,797 Anglica 14 6
    Columbia Britannica BC Victoria Vancouver 20 Iulii 1871 4,631,300 925,186 19,549 944,735 Anglica 42 6
    Insulae principis Eduardi PE Charlottetown Charlottetown 1 Iulii 1873 146,300 5,660 0 5,660 Anglica 4 4
    Saskatchewan SK Regina Saskatoon 1 Septembris 1905 1,125,400 591,670 59,366 651,036 Anglica 14 6
    Alberta AB Edmontonia Calgaria 1 Septembris 1905 4,121,700 642,317 19,531 661,848 Anglica 34 6
    Terra Nova et Terra Laboratoria NL Sanctus Ioannes Sanctus Ioannes 31 Martii 1949 527,000 373,872 31,340 405,212 Anglica 7 6
Summa +35 423 700, +5 490 918, +572 013, +6 062 931, +335, +102,

TerritoriaRecensere

Sunt tria territoria in Canada.[8][9][10]

Territoria Canadae
Vexillum Arma heraldica Territoria Imminutio
postalica
Caput et maxima urbs[1] Intravit in confederationem[3] Population
(Maio 2011)[4]
Area: terra (km2)[5] Area: aqua (km2)[5] Area: summa (km2)[5] Linguae publicae Parlamentum Foederale: Sedes in Communibus[7] Parlamentum Foederale: Sedes in Senatu[7]
    Territoria septentrio-occidentalia NT Yellowknife 15 Iulii 1870 41,462 1,183,085 163,021 1,346,106 Chipewyana, Cree, Anglica, Francica, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, Slavey Septentrionalis, Slavey Meridiana, Tłįchǫ[11] 1 1
    Yukon YT Whitehorse 13 Iunii 1898 33,897 474,391 8,052 482,443 Anglica
Francica[12]
1 1
    Nunavut NU Iqaluit 1 Aprilis 1999 31,906 1,936,113 157,077 2,093,190 Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut,
Anglica, Francica[13]
1 1
Summa +107 265, +3 593 589, +328 150, +3 921 739, +3, +3,

Aedificia territorialiaRecensere

Nexus interni

NotaeRecensere

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Provinces and Territories". Government of Canada. 2013 .
  2. Place name (2013). "Census Profile". Statistic Canada .
  3. 3.0 3.1 Reader's Digest Association (Canada); Canadian Geographic Enterprises (2004). The Canadian Atlas: Our Nation, Environment and People. Douglas & McIntyre. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-55365-082-9 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Population by year, by province and territory 2010-2014) in thousands". Statistic Canada .
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. 2005 .
  6. Olivier Coche, François Vaillancourt, Marc-Antoine Cadieux, Jamie Lee Ronson (2012). "Official Language Policies of the Canadian Provinces". Fraser Institute .
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Guide to the Canadian House of Commons". Parliament of Canada. 2012 .
  8. "Northwest Territories Act". Department of Justice Canada. 1986 .
  9. "Yukon Act". Department of Justice Canada. 2002 .
  10. Department of Justice Canada (1993). "Nunavut Act" .
  11. Northwest Territories Official Languages Act, 1988 (as amended 1988, 1991-1992, 2003)
  12. "OCOL - Statistics on Official Languages in Yukon". Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages. 2011 .
  13. "Nunavut's Official Languages". Language Commissioner of Nunavut. 2009 .

BibliographiaRecensere

  • Brownsey, Keith, et Michael Howlett. 2001. The Provincial State in Canada: Politics in the Provinces and Territories. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-1-55111-368-5. Google Books.
  • Moore, Christopher, Bill Slavin, et Janet Lunn. 2002. The Big Book of Canada: Exploring the Provinces and Territories. Random House Digital. ISBN 978-0-88776-457-8. Google Books.
  • Pross, A. Paul, et Catherine A. Pross. 1972. Government Publishing in the Canadian Provinces: a Prescriptive Study. Torontone: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-1827-0.
  • Tomblin, Stephen. 1995. Ottawa and the Outer Provinces: The Challenge of Regional Integration in Canada. James Lorimer & Company. ISBN 978-1-55028-476-8. Google Books.

Nexus externiRecensere