Fraternitas Praeraphaelitarum

Fraternitas Praeraphaelitarum[1] fuit pictorum et poetarum artisque existimatorum Anglicorum sodalitas, primum anno 1848 constituta a Gulielmo Holman Hunt pictore, Ioanne Everett Millais pictore, Dante Gabriele Rossetti pictore ac poeta, Gulielmo Michaele Rossetti existimatore, Iacobo Collinson pictore, Friderico Georgio Stephens existimatore ac Thoma Woolner sculptore et poeta, qui artifices una fraternitatem septem sodalium fecerunt, ex parte ad exemplum motus Nazareni.[2] Postea Praeraphaelitae appellati sunt, quorum quidem fraternitas nihil erat nisi societas laxissima, cuius principia in alios eiusdem aetatis artifices vulgabantur, inter quos erant Ford Madox Brown, Arthurus Hughes ac Maria Spartali Stillman. Posteriores sectatores principiorum fraternitatis erant Eduardus Burne-Jones, Gulielmus Morris, Ioannes William Waterhouse.

Proserpina. Pictura a Dante Gabriel Rossetti anno 1874 facta.
Illustratio ab Holman Hunt facta poematis "My Beautiful Lady" Thomae Woolner, in The Germ anno 1850 edita.
Christus in domo parentium (Officina Fabri Tignarii). Pictura ab Ioanne Everett Millais facta, 1850.
"Rosamunda Bella." Pictura ab Arthuro Hughes facta, 1854.
Mors Arthuri Regis. Pictura ab Iacobo Archer facta, 1860.
Medea. Pictura ab Evelyn De Morgan modo quattrocento facta, 1889.

Praeraphaelitae reditum petierunt ad abundantiam singulorum membrorum, colores vividos, multiplicesque compositiones artis Italicae Quattrocento quae dicitur (saeculo XV). Rationem mechanisticam reiecerunt manieristarum, qui primi Raphaelem et Michelangelum imitati sunt. Fraternitas illa Praeraphaelitarum corruptam esse credebat artis institutionem academicam, quippe qua status classici venustaeque compositiones praecipue Raphaelis ipsius vehementer proferebantur. Praesertim adversabatur auctoritati Iosuae Reynolds, conditoris academiae artium regalis Anglicae, quem "Sir Sloshua" appellabant. Nam secundum Gulielmum Michaelem Rossetti sloshy apud illos ad "aliquid remissi aut neglegens in ratione pingendi, et proinde aliquid vel aliquis generis vulgaris aut ex opinione hominum" refertur.[3] Fratres illi sua opera consociabant cum Ioanne Ruskin,[4] artis existimatore Anglico, cuius efficientia in persuasione religiosà posita erant.

Fratres picturam historiae, mimesin, imitationemque naturae putabant maximum finem esse artis. Sese describebant motum emendatorium, distinctumque suae artis nomen excogitaverunt, et The Germ edebant, periodicum ad suas sententias promovendas dicatum. Praeterea, disceptationes suas et iudicia in Pre-Raphaelite Journal publicabant.

Nexus interni

NotaeRecensere

  1.   Fons nominis Latini desideratur (addito fonte, hanc formulam remove)
  2. Dorra 1995: 17.
  3. Dorra 1995: 17: "anything lax or scamped in the process of painting ... and hence ... any thing or person of a commonplace or conventional kind."
  4. Landow, "Pre-Raphaelites: An Introduction."

BibliographiaRecensere

  • Andres, Sophia. 2005. The Pre-Raphaelite Art of the Victorian Novel: Narrative Challenges to Visual Gendered Boundaries. Ohio State University Press.
  • Barringer, Tim. 1998. Reading the Pre-Raphaelites. Portu Novo: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-07787-4.
  • Bate, P. H. (1901/1972) The English Pre-Raphaelite painters: their associates and successors. Novi Eboraci: AMS Press.
  • Bucher, Gregory. 2004. Recognitio: Dickerson, Matthew. Following Gandalf: Epic Battles and Moral Victory in The Lord of the Rings. Journal of Religion & Society 6. ISSN 1522-5658.
  • Daly, Gay. 1989. Pre-Raphaelites in Love. Novi Eboraci: Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 0-89919-450-8.
  • des Cars, L. 2000. The Pre-Raphaelites: Romance and Realism. Abrams Discoveries series. Novi Eboraci: Harry N. Abrams.
  • Dickerson, Matthew. 2003. Following Gandalf: epic battles and moral victory in the Lord of the rings. Grand Rapids Michiganiae: Brazos Press. ISBN 1-58743-085-1.
  • Dorra, Henri. 1995. Symbolist Art Theories: A Critical Anthology. Berkeleiae: University of California Press.
  • Gaunt, William. 1975. The Pre-Raphaelite Tragedy. Ed. retractata. Londinii: Cape. ISBN 0-224-01106-5.
  • Hawksley, Lucinda. 1999. Essential Pre-Raphaelites. Bath: Dempsey Parr. ISBN 1-84084-524-4.
  • Hilton, Timothy. 1970. The Pre-Raphaelites. Novi Eboraci: H. N. Abrams. ISBN 0810904241.
  • Latham, David. 2003. Haunted Texts: Studies in Pre-Raphaelitism in Honour of William E. Fredeman, ed. William Evan Fredeman et David Latham. Toronti: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0802036627, ISBN 9780802036629.
  • Mancoff, D. N. 2003. Flora symbolica: flowers in Pre-Raphaelite art. Monaci, Londinii, Novi Eboraci: Prestel. ISBN 3-7913-2851-4.
  • Marsh, Jan, & P. G. Nunn (1998) Pre-Raphaelite women artists. Thames & Hudson.
  • Prettejohn, Elizabeth. 2000. The Art of the Pre-Raphaelites. Princeton Novae Caesareae: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-07057-1.
  • Ramm, John. 2003. "The Forgotten Pre-Raphaelite: Henry Wallis." Antique Dealer & Collectors Guide 56 (Martius/Aprilis): 8–9.
  • Sharp, Frank C., et Jan Marsh. 2012. The Collected Letters of Jane Morris. Londinii: Boydell & Brewer.
  • Simons, J. 2008. Rossetti's Wombat: Pre-Raphaelites and Australian animals in Victorian London. Londinii: Middlesex University Press.
  • Staley, A., & C. Newall. 2004. Pre-Raphaelite vision: truth to nature. Londinii: Tate. ISBN 1-85437-499-0.
  • Todd, Pamela. 2001. Pre-Raphaelites at Home. Novi Eboraci: Watson-Giptill Publications. ISBN 0-8230-4285-5.
  • Townsend, J., J. Ridge, & S. Hackney. 2004. Pre-Raphaelite painting techniques: 1848–56. Londinii: Tate. ISBN 1-85437-498-2.

Nexus externiRecensere

  Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad picturas praeraphaeliticas spectant (Pre-Raphaelite paintings, Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood).