Columbidae
Treron vernans
Classificatio biologica e
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Classis: Aves
Superordo: Neoaves
Ordo: Columbiformes
Latham, 1790
Familia: Columbidae
Illiger, 1811
Subfamiliae
Ubi Columbidae habitant

Columbidae sunt familia avium Columbiformium, circiter 310 species comprehendens, corpore pingue, collo breve, rostro breve et tenue. Plerumque seminibus, fructibus, plantisque vescuntur. Omnem per orbem terrarum praeter Antarcticam habitant, sed maxima diversitas specierum in oecozonis Indomalayana et Australasiatica reperitur.

Familia in 344 speciebus in 49 genera digestis consistit. Tredecim ex speciebus exstinctae sunt.[1]

Columbidae nidos praetenues faciunt, saepe ramulis alioque detritu utentes, quem in ramis arborum, in proiecturis, vel in solo ponere solent, secundum species. Unum vel (plerumque) duo ova semel pariunt, amboque parentes pullos alunt, qui nidum post dies a 25 ad 32 reliquunt. Pulli volare possunt ante quinque hebdomades nati.[2] Plurimarum avium dissimiles, ambo sexus lac ingluviei ad iuvenes alendos faciunt.

Typus familiae est genus Columba.[3]

Pullus speciei ignotae.
Columbina passerina est inter minimas familiae species.
Animatio columbidarum volantium.
Geopelia striata latissime per mundum introducta est.
Honorius imperator Romanus columbidas delicias curabat. Pictura ab Ioanne Gulielmo Waterhouse anno 1883 picta.

TaxinomiaRecensere

Haec taxinomia in opere Ioannis H. Boyd, III, professoris oeconomicae,[4] condita est.[5]


Columbinae
Zenaidini


Starnoenas



Geotrygon






Leptotila



Leptotrygon





Zenaida



Zentrygon





Columbini



Ectopistes



Patagioenas





Reinwardtoena




Turacoena



Macropygia







Streptopelia



?†Dysmoropelia




Columba (typus familiae)




Nesoenas



Spilopelia








Claravinae

Claravis




Uropelia




Metriopelia



Columbina [Scardafella]






Phabini

?Henicophaps




Gallicolumba




Pampusana (olim Alopecoenas)





Ocyphaps



Petrophassa





Leucosarcia




Geopelia




Phaps



Geophaps











Trugon



Microgoura




Otidiphaps




Goura



Natunaornis




Didunculus



?†Bountyphaps




Caloenas




Raphus



Pezophaps









Treronini

Treron



Turturini

Phapitreron




Chalcophaps




Oena



Turtur





Ptilinopini

Ducula




[Ptilinopus; Drepanoptila; Alectroenas]




Hemiphaga




Lopholaimus




Cryptophaps



Gymnophaps











Genera et species insignesRecensere

NotaeRecensere

  1. Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Pigeons". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union .
  2. Crome, Francis H.J. (1991). Forshaw, Joseph. ed. Encyclopaedia of Animals: Birds. Londinii: Merehurst Press. pp. 115–116. ISBN 978-1-85391-186-6 .
  3. [1] "Family Columbidae."] The Free Dictionary by Farlex.
  4. Boyd, John H., III. "John Boyd's Home Page" .
  5. Boyd, John H., III (2007). "COLUMBEA: Mirandornithes, Columbimorphae" .

BibliographiaRecensere

  • Beehler, Bruce M., et Thane K. Pratt. 2016. Birds of New Guinea: Distribution, Taxonomy, and Systematics. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-16424-3.
  • Blechman, Andrew. 2007. Pigeons: The Fascinating Saga of the World's Most Revered and Reviled Bird. Grove Press. ISBN 978-0-8021-4328-0.
  • Gibbs, David, Eustace Barnes, et John Cox. 2001. Pigeons and Doves: a guide to the pigeons and doves of the world. Portu Novo: Yale University Press. ISBN 0300078862.
  • Glutz v. Blotzheim, Urs N., et Kurt M. Bauer. 1994. Handbuch der Vögel Mitteleuropas: vol. 9.. Ed. altera. Wiesbaden: AULA-Verlag. ISBN 3-89104-562-X.
  • Münst, Alois, et Josef Wolters. 1999. Tauben: Die Arten der Wildtauben. Ed. altera, aucta et retractata. Bottrop: Verlag Karin Wolters. ISBN 3-9801504-9-6.
  • Rösler, Gerhard. 1996. Die Wildtauben der Erde: Freileben, Haltung und Zucht. Alfeld et Hanoveriae: Verlag M. & H. Schaper. ISBN 3-7944-0184-0.

Nexus externiRecensere

  Vide "Columbidas" apud Vicispecies.
  Vicimedia Communia plura habent quae ad Columbidas spectant.
  Situs scientifici:  • ITIS • NCBI • Biodiversity • Encyclopedia of Life • WoRMS: Marine Species • Fossilworks