Aperire sectionem principem
Chromosoma seipsum duplicans in metaphase: 1, Chromatidium; 2, Centromerum; 3, Bracchium breve; 4, Bracchium longum

Chromosoma (-atis, n.)[1][2][3] (e verbis Graecis χρῶμα color et σῶμα corpus) est structura complexa a proteinis et moleculis ADN constituta, quae cellulae instructiones hereditarias (id est genoma) continet.

Chromosomata humanaRecensere

Chromosoma Gena[4] Numerus basium conexarum % basium Bases conexae interpretatae[5] Imago
1 2000 247 199 719 8.0 224 999 719  
2 1300 242 751 149 7.9 237 712 649  
3 1000 199 446 827 6.5 194 704 827  
4 1000 191 263 063 6.2 187 297 063  
5 900 180 837 866 5.9 177 702 766  
6 1000 170 896 993 5.5 167 273 993  
7 900 158 821 424 5.2 154 952 424  
8 700 146 274 826 4.7 142 612 826  
9 800 140 442 298 4.6 120 312 298  
10 700 135 374 737 4.4 131 624 737  
11 1300 134 452 384 4.4 131 130 853  
12 1100 132 289 534 4.3 130 303 534  
13 300 114 127 980 3.7 95 559 980  
14 800 106 360 585 3.5 88 290 585  
15 600 100 338 915 3.3 81 341 915  
16 800 88 822 254 2.9 78 884 754  
17 1200 78 654 742 2.6 77 800 220  
18 200 76 117 153 2.5 74 656 155  
19 1500 63 806 651 2.1 55 785 651  
20 500 62 435 965 2.0 59 505 254  
21 200 46 944 323 1.5 34 171 998  
22 500 49 528 953 1.6 34 893 953  
X 800 154 913 754 5.0 151 058 754  
Y 50 57 741 652 1.9 25 121 652  
Total 21,000 3,079,843,747 100.0 2,857,698,560

NotaeRecensere

  1. G. D. Arnaudov (1964), Terminologia medica polyglotta: Latinum-Bulgarski-Russkij-English-Français-Deutsch (Serdicae: Editio medicina et physcultura).
  2. William T. Stearn (1983), Botanical Latin: History, grammar, syntax, terminology and vocabulary, editio 3 (Newton Abbot Londinii: David Charles).
  3. Federative International Committee on Anatomical Terminology (FICAT) (2005). Terminologia Histologica. International terms for human cytology and histology. Philadelphiae/Baltimorae/Novi Eboraci/Londinii/in Bono Aëre/Honcongi/Sydneii/Tokii: Wolter Kluwers-Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  4. "Ensembl genome browser 71: Homo sapiens – Chromosome summary – Chromosome 1: 1–1,000,000" 
  5. Solum regiones genomatis euchromaticae determinatae sunt, non telomeres et centromeres et alias regiones heterochromaticas; vide → http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/seq/ (Human Genome Project).

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