Universalismus moralis

Universalismus moralis sive moralitas universalis est doctrina metaëthica quae certas rationes ethicas, ethicam universalem, universe apud omnes qui in eadem causa sunt valere praecipit,[1] neglectis cultura, phyle, sexu, religione, civitate, propensione sexuali aliisve proprietatibus.[2] Universalismus moralis nihilismo morali et relativismo morali adversatur. Non tamen omnes formae universalismi moralis in absolutismum inclinant, nec necessario monismo morali favent. Multa enim sunt universalismi genera, sicut utilitarismus, quae non ad absolutismum inclinant, immo ad pluralismum vertunt, sicut placita Isaiae Berlin.

Praeter rationes realismi moralis universalismus moralis alias quoque rationes morales cognitivisticas comprehendit, sicut theoriam observatoris perfecti subiectivisticam et voluntarismum theologicum,[3] nec non praescriptivismum universalem, theoriam non cognitivisticam.[4]

Nexus interni

NotaeRecensere

  1. Hare 1991; Singer 1967.
  2. Gowans 2008: cap.2.
  3. Stevenson 1975.
  4. Hare 1991.

BibliographiaRecensere

  • Browning, Don, ed. 2006. Universalism vs. Relativism: Making Moral Judgments in a Changing, Pluralistic, and Threatening World. Rowman & Littlefield.
  • Gowans, Chris, 2008. Moral Relativism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • Hare, R. M., 1991. The Language of Morals. Clarendon Press.
  • Potter, Nelson, 1985. Morality and Universality: Essays on Ethical Universalizability. Reidel.
  • Richardson, Henry S., et Melissa S. Williams. 2009. Moral Universalism and Pluralism. New York University Press.
  • Singer, Marcus George, 1967. Generalization in Ethics. Eyre & Spottiswoode.
  • Stevenson, Charles L., 1975. Facts and Values. Greenwood.

Nexus externiRecensere