Aperire sectionem principem
Quattuor lamina ENIAC et una ex eius tribus tabulis in Schola Artis Ingeniariae et Scientiae Adhibitae in Universitate Pennsylvanieni visa.
Glen Beck (in scaena) et Betty Snyder (a fronte) ENIAC in Ballistic Research Laboratory, aedificio 328, programmata faciunt. Photographema Exercitus Civitatum Foederatarum.
Index functionum ex ENIAC in museo Aberdeen Proving Ground visus.
Singula e tergo cuiusdam partis ENIAC tubos vacuos patefaciunt.

ENIAC (IPA |ˈɛni.æk|, Anglice Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer)[1][2] fuit inter prima computatra electronica propositis generalibus dicata. Fuit apparatus digitalis modoque Turingensi completus, qui "magnam classem problematum numeralium" per programmata solvere poterat.[3][4]

Pretium designationis et constructionis persolutum est ab Exercitu Civitatum Foederatarum, Corpore Aparatus Belli, Imperio Investigationis et Progressus, Gladeon M. Barnes Legato Maiori duce. Pretium fuit $487,000 fere.[5]

Nexus interni

NotaeRecensere

  1. John Presper Eckert, Jr., et John W. Mauchly, Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, United States Patent Office, US Patent 3,120,606, filed 1947-06-26, issued 1964-02-04; invalidated 1973-10-19 after court ruling on Honeywell v. Sperry Rand.
  2. "The ENIAC Story". O R D N A N C E (708 Mills Building - Washington, DC: American Ordnance Association) (Ianuarius–Februarius 1961) 
  3. Goldstine et Goldstine 1946: 97.
  4. Engines of the mind: the evolution of the computer from mainframes to microprocessors. Novi Eboraci: Norton. 1996. ISBN 0393314715 .
  5. "ENIAC". Georgi Dalakov .

BibliographiaRecensere

  • Burks, Arthur. 1947. Electronic Computing Circuits of the ENIAC. Proceedings of the I.R.E. 35(8): 756–767. doi:10.1109/jrproc.1947.234265.
  • Burks, Alice R. 1981. The ENIAC: The First General-Purpose Electronic Computer. Annals of the History of Computing 3(4):310–389. doi:10.1109/mahc.1981.10043.
  • Copeland, B. Jack, ed. (2006), Colossus: The Secrets of Bletchley Park's Codebreaking Computers, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780192840554 .
  • Eckert, J. Presper. 1980. The ENIAC. In A History of Computing in the Twentieth Century, ed. Nicholas Metropolis Jack Howlett, et Gian-Carlo Rota, 525–540. Novi Eboraci Academic Press.
  • Eckert, J. Presper, et John Mauchly. 1946. Outline of plans for development of electronic computers. Textus fundamentalis in industria computatrorum electronicorum. Sex paginae.
  • Fritz, W. Barkley. 1996. The Women of ENIAC. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 18:13–28.
  • "The Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC)", Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation 2 (15): 97–110, July 1946  (also reprinted in The Origins of Digital Computers: Selected Papers, Springer-Verlag, Novi Eboraci, 1982, pp. 359–373.)
  • The Computer: from Pascal to von Neumann. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 1972. ISBN 0-691-02367-0 
  • Mauchly, John. 1980. The ENIAC. In A History of Computing in the Twentieth Century, ed. Nicholas Metropolis, Jack Howlett, et Gian-Carlo Rota, 541–550,. Novi Eboraci: Academic Press. ISBN 0124916503. "Original versions of these papers were presented at the International Research Conference on the History of Computing, held at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, 10–15 June 1976."
  • McCartney, Scott. 1999. ENIAC: The Triumphs and Tragedies of the World's First Computer.' Walker & Co. ISBN 0802713483.
  • Rojas, Raúl, et Ulf Hashagen, eds. 2000. The First Computers: History and Architectures. Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: MIT Press. ISBN 0262181975.

Bibliographia additaRecensere

  • Berkeley, Edmund. 1949. 5000 Additions a Second: Moore School's ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer). In GIANT BRAINS or machines that think. John Wiley & Sons.
  • Dyson, George.2012. Turing's Cathedral: The Origins of the Digital Universe. Novi Eboraci: Pantheon Books. ISBN 9780375422775.
  • Hally, Mike. 2005. Electronic Brains: Stories from the Dawn of the Computer Age. Joseph Henry Press. ISBN 0309096308.
  • Lukoff, Herman. 1979. From Dits to Bits: A personal history of the electronic computer. Portlandiae Oregoniae: Robotics Press. ISBN 0896610020. LCCN 79-90567.
  • Tompkins, C. B., et J. H. Wakelin. 1950. High-Speed Computing Devices. McGraw-Hill.
  • Stern, Nancy. 1981. From ENIAC to UNIVAC: An Appraisal of the Eckert-Mauchly Computers. Digital Press. ISBN 0932376142.

Nexus externiRecensere

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