Clerus (Graece κλῆρος 'sors, pars hereditatis') est universitas hominum qui ad ordinem sacerdotalem pertinent (clerici). Verbum e Medio Aevo forma clericia in usu erat. Vox praecipue ad sacerdotium Christianum revocatur, interdum autem etiam ad alias religiones earumque cultus ministros transfertur. Cleri Buddhismi saepe communiter collective revocantur Sangha pristineque conditi sunt ab Buddha. Islam cleros non habet sensu sacerdote.

Duces religiosi Foro Oeconomico Mundi anno 2009 adsunt.

Nexus interni


  • Commentarius ex Encyclopaedia Britannica
  • Aston, Nigel. Religion and revolution in France, 1780-1804 (CUA Press, 2000)
  • Bremer, Francis J. Shaping New Englands: Puritan Clergymen in Seventeenth-Century England and New England (Twayne, 1994)
  • Dutt, Sukumar. Buddhist monks and monasteries of India (London: G. Allen and Unwin, 1962)
  • Farriss, Nancy Marguerite. Crown and clergy in colonial Mexico, 1759-1821: The crisis of ecclesiastical privilege (Burns & Oates, 1968)
  • Ferguson, Everett. The Early Church at Work and Worship: Volume 1: Ministry, Ordination, Covenant, and Canon (Casemate Publishers, 2014)
  • Freeze, Gregory L. The Parish Clergy in Nineteenth-Century Russia: Crisis, Reform, Counter-Reform (Princeton University Press, 1983)
  • Haig, Alan. The Victorian Clergy (Routledge, 1984), in England
  • Holifield, E. Brooks. God's ambassadors: a history of the Christian clergy in America (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2007), a standard scholarly history
  • Lewis, Bonnie Sue. Creating Christian Indians: Native Clergy in the Presbyterian Church (University of Oklahoma Press, 2003)
  • Marshall, Peter. The Catholic Priesthood and the English Reformation (Clarendon Press, 1994)
  • Osborne, Kenan B. Priesthood: A history of ordained ministry in the Roman Catholic Church (Paulist Press, 1989), a standard scholarly history
  • Parry, Ken, ed. The Blackwell Companion to Eastern Christianity (John Wiley & Sons, 2010)
  • Sanneh, Lamin. "The origins of clericalism in West African Islam." The Journal of African History 17.01 (1976): 49-72.
  • Schwarzfuchs, Simon. A concise history of the rabbinate (Blackwell, 1993), a standard scholarly history
  • Zucker, David J. American rabbis: Facts and fiction (Jason Aronson, 1998)