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(de optimatibus et plutocratia)
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'''Oligarchia''' ([[Graece]] ὀλιγαρχία > ''ὀλίγος'' 'paucus' + ''ἄρχω'' 'rego, impero'<ref>[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Do%29li%2Fgos "ὀλίγος"], Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, ''A Greek-English Lexicon'', on Perseus Digital Library</ref><ref>[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Da%29%2Frxw "ἄρχω"], Liddell/Scott.</ref><ref>[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Do%29ligarxi%2Fa "ὀλιγαρχία"]. Liddell/Scott.</ref>) est genus [[structura potestatis|structurae potestatis]] in qua [[potestas (socialis et politica)|potestas]] paucis hominibus aut parvo factioni est. Qui homines moderatione [[nobilitas|nobilitatis]], [[divitiae|divitiarum]], [[coniunctiones familiares|coniunctionum familiarium]], [[educatio]]nis, [[corporatio]]nis, [[religio]]nis, [[politica]]e, [[res militaris|militaris]] distingui possunt. [[Civitas|Civitates]] oligarchicae a [[familia|familiis]] saepe reguntur quae ab una ad proximam [[aetas|aetatem]] usitate transmittunt, sed [[hereditas]] non est condicio necessaria. [[Monarchia]] autem est dominatio unius [[homo|hominis]].
'''Oligarchia''' (ex [[Graecis]] verbis ὀλίγος 'paucus' + ἄρχειν 'regere') est dominatio paucorum aut factionis [[optimates|optimatum]] aut magnarum [[divitiae|divitiarum]], quod [[Aristoteles]] plutocratiam nominavit. [[Monarchia]] autem est dominatio unius [[homo|hominis]], itaque [[regnum]].
 
Oligarchiae saepe per [[historia]]m sunt [[tyrannus|tyrannicae]], [[oboedentia (mores humani)|oboedentia]] publica vel etiam [[oppressio]]ne ut existat nitens. [[Aristoteles]] quidem hoc [[vocabulum|vocabulo]] primus utebatur ut [[synonymum]] regiminis hominum divitum,<ref>Winters 2011: 26-28. "Aristotle writes that 'oligarchy is when men of property have the government in their hands. . . . Wherever men rule by reason of their wealth, whether they be few or many, that is an oligarchy, and where the poor rule, that is a democracy.'"</ref> pro qua sententia ''[[plutocratia]],'' aliud vocabulum, hodie saepe adhibetur.
 
== Rerum publicarum formae secundum [[Polybius|Polybium]] ==
 
{{NexInt}}
{{div col|3}}
* [[Corruptio]]
* [[DictaturaApartheid]]
* [[RegnumAristocratia]]
*[[Classis]]
*[[Colonialismus]]
* [[Corruptio]]
*[[Democratia]]
*[[Dictatura]]
*[[Dictatura militaris]]
*[[Familia politica]]
*[[Kleptocratia]]
*[[Meritocratia]]
*[[Nepotismus]]
*[[Netocratia]]
*[[Oligopolia]]
*[[Parasitismus (delictum sociale)|Parasitismus]]
*[[Plutocratia]]
*[[Potestas post thronum]]
*[[Regnum]]
*[[Stratocratia]]
*[[Structura socialis]]
*[[Synarchismus]]
*[[Technocratia]]
*[[Theocratia]]
*[[Timocratia]]<!--
*[[The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism|Oligarchical Collectivism]]
*[[Inverted totalitarianism]]
*[[Iron law of oligarchy]]-->
{{div col end}}
 
==Notae==
{{stipula}}
<references/>
 
==Bibliographia==
*Aslund, Anders. [[2005]]. ''Comparative Oligarchy: Russia, Ukraine and the United States'' CASE Network Studies and Analyses, 296. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. doi:10.2139/ssrn.1441910. [http://www.case-research.eu/upload/publikacja_plik/4931074_SA%20296last.pdf PDF.]
*Gordon, Daniel. [[2010]]. Hiring Law Professors: Breaking the Back of an American Plutocratic Oligarchy. ''Widener Law Journal'' 19: 1–29. SSRN 1412783. Harrisburgi Pennsylvaniae: Widener University School of Law.
*Hollingsworth, Markm et Stewart Lansley. [[2010]]. ''Londongrad: From Russia with Cash: The Inside Story of the Oligarchs.'' Fourth Estate. ISBN 978-0007356379.
*J. M. Moore, ed. [[1986]]. ''Aristotle and Xenophon on democracy and oligarchy.'' Berkeleiae: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-02909-7.
*Ostwald, M. [[2000]]. ''Oligarchia: The Development of a Constitutional Form in Ancient Greece.'' Historia Einzelschirften, 144). Stutgartiae: Steiner. ISBN 3-515-07680-8.
*Ramseyer, J. Mark, et Frances McCall Rosenbluth. [[1998]]. ''The Politics of Oligarchy: Institutional Choice in Imperial Japan.'' Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521636490.
*Tabachnick, David, et Toivu Koivukoski. [[2012]]. ''On Oligarchy: Ancient Lessons for Global Politics.'' Toronti: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-1442661165.
*Whibley, Leonard. [[1896]]. ''Greek oligarchies, their character and organisations.'' Novi Eboraci: G. P. Putnam's Sons. [https://archive.org/details/cu31924028258204 Archivum.]
*Winters, Jeffrey A. [[2011]]. ''Oligarchy.'' Northwestern University et Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1107005280.
 
==Nexus externi==
{{Wiktionary|Oligarchy|oligarchiam}}
{{Wikiquote|Oligarchy|Oligarchiam}}
[[Categoria:Auctoritarianismus]]
[[Categoria:Corruptio poltica]]
[[Categoria:Cultura politica]]
[[Categoria:Formae administrationis]]
[[Categoria:Oligarchia| ]]
[[Categoria:Philosophia politica]]
[[Categoria:Res publica]]
[[en:Oligarchy]]
 
{{Myrias|Societas}}
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