Hiphop[1] est motus culturae artisque, qui Bronx Novi Eboraci annis 1970 ineuntibus, praecipue inter Afroamericanos, Americanos Latinos, et Americanos Caribicos, exortus est.[2][3] De origine nominis fautores saepe inter se disputant.

KRS-One, agitator, actor, fautor culturae hiphop, canit.

Nexus interni

  1. Anglice hiphop, hip-hop, et hip hop.
  2. Campbell et Chang 2005.
  3. Harris et Penn 2008: 111.


  • Ahearn, Charlie, et Jim Fricke, eds. 2002. Yes Yes Y'All: The Experience Music Project Oral History of Hip Hop's First Decade. Novi Eboraci: Da Capo Press. ISBN 0306811847.
  • Campbell, Clive, et Jeff Chang. 2005. Can't Stop Won't Stop: A History of the Hip-Hop Generation. Novi Eboraci: Picador. ISBN 0312425791.
  • Chang, Jeff. 2007."It's a Hip-hop World." Foreign Policy 163 (November–December): 58–65. Editio interretialis.
  • Chang, Jeff. 2008. Total Chaos: The Art and Aesthetics of Hip-Hop. Basic Books.
  • Corvino, Daniel, et Shawn Livernoche. 2000. A Brief History of Rhyme and Bass: Growing Up With Hip Hop. Tinici Pennsilvaniae: Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 1401028519.
  • Diawara, Manthia. 1998. In Search of Africa. Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674446119.
  • Fitzgerald, Tamsin. 2008. Hip-Hop and Urban Dance. Heineman Library.
  • Gordon, Lewis R. 2005. "The Problem of Maturity in Hip Hop." Review of Education, Pedagogy and Cultural Studies 27 (4): 367–89. doi:10.1080/10714410500339020.
  • Kelly, Robin D. G. 1994. Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class. Novi Eboraci: Free Press. ISBN 0684826399.
  • Kitwana, Bakari. 2002. The Hip-Hop Generation: Young Blacks and the Crisis in African American Culture. Novi Eboraci: Perseus Books Group. ISBN 0465029795.
  • Kitwana, Bakari. 2005. Why White Kids Love Hip Hop: Wankstas, Wiggers, Wannabes and the New Reality of Race in America. Novi Eboraci: Basic Civitas Books. ISBN 0465037461.
  • Kolbowski, Silvia. 1998. "Homeboy Cosmopolitan." October (83): 51.
  • Light, Alan, ed. 1999. The VIBE History of Hip-Hop. Novi Eboraci: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 0609805037.
  • McLeod, Kembrew. 1999. "Authenticity Within Hip-Hop and Other Cultures Threatened with Assimilation" Journal of Communication 49 (4): 134–50. PDF.
  • Nelson, George. 2005. Hip-Hop America. Ed. secunda. Ludovicopoli: Penguin Books. ISBN 0140280227.
  • Ogbar, Jeffrey O. G. 2007. Hip-Hop Revolution: The Culture and Politics of Rap. Laurentiae Kansiae: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 9780700615476.
  • Perkins, William E. 1995. Droppin' Science: Critical Essays on Rap Music and Hip Hop Culture. Philadelphiae: Temple University Press. ISBN 1566393620.
  • Ro, Ronin. 2001. Bad Boy: The Influence of Sean "Puffy" Combs on the Music Industry. Novi Eboraci: Pocket Books. ISBN 0743428234.
  • Rose, Tricia. 1994. Black Noise: Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America. Middletown Connectictae: Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 0819562750.
  • Shapiro, Peter. 2007. Rough Guide to Hip Hop. Ed. secunda. Londinii: Rough Guides. ISBN 1843532638.
  • Steingo, Gavin. 2005. "South African Music after Apartheid: Kwaito, the 'Party Politic,' and the Appropriation of Gold as a Sign of Success." Popular Music and Society 28 (3): 333–57. doi:10.1080/03007760500105172.
  • Toop, David. 1991. Rap Attack 2: African Rap to Global Hip Hop. Ed. secunda. Novi Eboraci: Serpent's Tail. ISBN 1852422432.