Quantum redactiones paginae "Penna" differant

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[[Fasciculus:Buteo buteo primary secondary.jpg|thumb|upright=0.6|Pennae duae buteonis [[species|speciei]] ''[[Buteo buteo|Buteonis buteo]].'']]
 
'''Penna''' est pars [[epidermis|epidermidis]] quae cum multis aliis rebus sui generis [[pluma]]m, distinctum tegmen exterius, in [[aves|avibus]] [[exstinctio|exstinctisque]] [[dinosauria|dinosauriorum]] [[species|speciebus]] format. Pennae multiplices [[systema integumentarium|integumentarii]] structuras in [[vertebrata|vertebratis]] inventas<ref name=Prum2002>{{Cite journal|authors=Prum, Richard O. & A. H. Brush|year=2002|title=The evolutionary origin and diversification of feathers|journal=The Quarterly Review of Biology|volume=77|issue=3|url=http://www.yale.edu/eeb/prum/pdf/Prum_n_Brush_2002.pdf|pages=261–295|doi=10.1086/341993|pmid=12365352|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110629175850/http://www.yale.edu/eeb/prum/pdf/Prum_n_Brush_2002.pdf|archivedate=29 June 2011|df=dmy-all}}.</ref><ref name="Prum2003">{{Cite journal |doi=10.1038/scientificamerican0303-84 |date=March 2003 |author1=Prum, R. O. |author2=Brush, A. H |last-author-amp=yes |title=Which Came First, the Feather or the Bird? |journal=Scientific American |volume=288 |issue=3 |pages=84–93 |url=http://www.yale.edu/eeb/prum/pdf/Prum_n_Brush_2003.pdf |pmid=12616863 |deadurl=no |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110629175910/http://www.yale.edu/eeb/prum/pdf/Prum_n_Brush_2003.pdf |archivedate=29 June 2011 |df=dmy-all }}.</ref> atque insignissimum multiplicis novitatis [[evolutio]]nariae exemplum habentur.<ref name=Prum1999>{{Cite journal |doi=10.1002/(SICI)1097-010X(19991215)285:4<291::AID-JEZ1>3.0.CO;2-9 |year=1999 |author=Prum, Richard O. |title=Development and Evolutionary Origin of Feathers |journal=Journal of Experimental Zoology (Molecular and Developmental Evolution) |volume=285 |issue=4 |pages=291–306 |pmid=10578107 |url=http://www.ncsce.org/PDF_files/feathers/Prum%20feather.pdf |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110409103417/http://ncsce.org/PDF_files/feathers/Prum%20feather.pdf |archivedate=9 April 2011 |df=dmy-all }}.</ref> Pennae inter proprietates sunt quibus [[aves]] exstantes ab aliis gregibus vivis distinguuntur.<ref name="iridescence">{{Citation |last=Li |first=Quanguo |title=Reconstruction of ''Microraptor'' and the Evolution of Iridescent Plumage |journal=Science |volume=335 |pages=1215–1219 |date=9 Martii 2012 |doi=10.1126/science.1213780 |pmid=22403389 |bibcode=2012Sci...335.1215L}}.</ref>
 
'''Plumologia,''' vel '''scientia plumarum,''' est [[scientia (ratio)|scientia]] quae pennas investigat.<ref name=GalaPlum>{{cite web|title=Galapagos plumology|url=http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/galapagos-research/article/galapagos-plumology/|website=darwinfoundation.org|publisher=Charles Darwin Collections Database by the Charles Darwin Foundation|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/6o77q4ZTr?url=http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/media/pdf/59/NG_59_1998_Harpp%26Geist_Galapagos_plumology.pdf|archivedate=8 February 2017|df=dmy-all}}.</ref><ref name=LangsFWPlumology>{{cite book|last1=Eichhorn|first1=hrsg. von Manfred|title=Langenscheidt Fachwörterbuch Biologie Englisch: englisch - deutsch, deutsch - englisch|date=2005|publisher=Langenscheidt|location=Berlin [u.a.]|isbn=3861172283|page=537|edition=1. Aufl.|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=KRJfNmHhIpUC&pg=PA537&lpg=PA537&dq=Plumology&source=bl&ots=2pOkPvbmtz&sig=k-Z7u5Kx289CH0jH_iE9y77oWpE&hl=de&sa=X&ei=dP05VducMMjcaK6WgeAB&ved=0CDkQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=Plumology&f=false|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20171217235721/https://books.google.com/books?id=KRJfNmHhIpUC&pg=PA537&lpg=PA537&dq=Plumology&source=bl&ots=2pOkPvbmtz&sig=k-Z7u5Kx289CH0jH_iE9y77oWpE&hl=de&sa=X&ei=dP05VducMMjcaK6WgeAB&ved=0CDkQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=Plumology&f=false|archivedate=17 December 2017|df=dmy-all}}.</ref>
 
{{NexInt}}
*[[Calamus]]
*[[Cutis]]
*[[Pluma]]<!--plumage-->
 
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