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'''Géza Vermes''', orstylo [[Hungarice|Hungarico]] '''Vermès'Vermes Géza'' ({{IPA-hu|ˈɡeːzɒ ˈvɛrmɛʃ|lang}}, (natus die [[22 JuneIunii]] [[1924]]; mortuus die [[8 MayMaii]] [[2013]]), fuitalumnus scholar[[Universitas britannisCatholica Lovaniensis|Universitatis Catholicae Lovaniensis]] fuit originis [[IudaicaJewish]]e [[HungaricaHungarian people|Hungarian]]eque origin-- one who also served as a Catholic [[priest]] in his youth--and writer on religious history, particularly [[Judaism|Jewish]] and [[Christian]]. He was a noted authority on the [[Dead Sea Scrolls]] and ancient works in [[Aramaic]] such as the Targums, and on the life and religion of [[Jesus]]. He was one of the most important voices in contemporary Jesus research,<ref name = "TM1998 1">Theissen, Gerd and Annette Merz. The historical Jesus: a comprehensive guide. Fortress Press. 1998. translated from German (1996 edition). Chapter 1. Quest of the historical Jesus. p. 1-16</ref> and he has been described as the greatest Jesus scholar of his time.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://education.guardian.co.uk/academicexperts/story/0,,2266141,00.html|title=Geza Vermes: Questions arising|first=John|last=Crace|date=March 18, 2008|accessdate=2008-03-19|publisher=[[The Guardian]]}}; [http://www.tcpc.org/review/review.cfm?review_id=10 G. Richard Wheatcroft review of The Authentic Gospel of Jesus].</ref> Vermes' written work on Jesus focuses principally on Jesus the [[Jew]], as seen in the broader context of the narrative scope of Jewish [[history]] and [[theology]], while questioning the basis of some [[Christianity|Christian teachings]] on Jesus.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.americamagazine.org/content/article.cfm?article_id=10691|title=No Evidence? ''The Resurrection'' by Geza Vermes|first=Daniel J.|last=Harrington|date=March 24, 2008|accessdate=2008-12-19|publisher=[[America (magazine)|America]]}}</ref>
 
'''Géza Vermes''' or '''Vermès''' ({{IPA-hu|ˈɡeːzɒ ˈvɛrmɛʃ|lang}}, 22 June 1924 – 8 May 2013) fuit scholar britannis originis [[Iudaica]]e [[Hungarica]]eque -- one who also served as a Catholic [[priest]] in his youth--and writer on religious history, particularly [[Judaism|Jewish]] and [[Christian]]. He was a noted authority on the [[Dead Sea Scrolls]] and ancient works in [[Aramaic]] such as the Targums, and on the life and religion of [[Jesus]]. He was one of the most important voices in contemporary Jesus research,<ref name = "TM1998 1">Theissen, Gerd and Annette Merz. The historical Jesus: a comprehensive guide. Fortress Press. 1998. translated from German (1996 edition). Chapter 1. Quest of the historical Jesus. p. 1-16</ref> and he has been described as the greatest Jesus scholar of his time.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://education.guardian.co.uk/academicexperts/story/0,,2266141,00.html|title=Geza Vermes: Questions arising|first=John|last=Crace|date=March 18, 2008|accessdate=2008-03-19|publisher=[[The Guardian]]}}; [http://www.tcpc.org/review/review.cfm?review_id=10 G. Richard Wheatcroft review of The Authentic Gospel of Jesus].</ref> Vermes' written work on Jesus focuses principally on Jesus the [[Jew]], as seen in the broader context of the narrative scope of Jewish [[history]] and [[theology]], while questioning the basis of some [[Christianity|Christian teachings]] on Jesus.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.americamagazine.org/content/article.cfm?article_id=10691|title=No Evidence? ''The Resurrection'' by Geza Vermes|first=Daniel J.|last=Harrington|date=March 24, 2008|accessdate=2008-12-19|publisher=[[America (magazine)|America]]}}</ref>
 
== Biography ==
Vermes believed it is possible "to retrieve the authentic Gospel of Jesus, his first-hand message to his original followers."<ref>Géza Vermes, "The great ''Da Vinci Code'' distraction", in ''[[The Times]]'', 6 May 2006. Article reproduced in Vermes, ''Searching For The Real Jesus: Jesus, The Dead Sea Scrolls and Other Religious Themes'' (SCM Press, 2009). ISBN 978-0-334-04358-1 {{Please check ISBN|reason=Check digit (1) does not correspond to calculated figure.}}</ref>
 
== SelectedOpera publicationsselecta ==
* ''Scripture and Tradition in [[Judaism]]: [[Haggadic]] studies (Studia post-biblica)'',. Lugduni Batavorum: Brill, Leiden 1961. ISBN 90-04-03626-1
* ''Jesus the Jew: A Historian's Reading of the [[Gospels]]'',. Minneapolis,Minneapoli: Fortress Press, 1973. ISBN 0-8006-1443-7
* ''Post-Biblical Jewish Studies'',. Lugduni Batavorum: Brill, Leiden, 1975. ISBN 90-04-04160-5
* ''The Dead Sea Scrolls: [[Qumran]] in Perspectiveperspective'',. Minneapolis,Minneapoli: Fortress Press, 1977. ISBN 0-8006-1435-6
* ''The Gospel of Jesus the Jew''. 1981
* ''Jesus and the World of [[Judaism]]'',. Minneapolis,Minneapoli: Fortress Press, 1983. ISBN 0-8006-1784-3
* ''The [[Essenes]] According to the Classical Sources'' (with [[Martin Goodman (historian)|Martin Goodman]]), Sheffield Academic Press 1989 ISBN 1-85075-139-0
* (cum [[Martinus Goodman|Martino Goodman]]) ''The Religion[[Essenes]] ofAccording Jesusto the JewClassical Sources'',. Minneapolis,Sheffield: FortressSheffield Academic Press, 19931989. ISBN 01-800685075-2797139-0
* ''The Religion of Jesus the Jew''. Minneapoli: Fortress Press, 1993. ISBN 0-8006-2797-0
* ''The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English'', Penguin 1997 ISBN 978-0-14-044952-5 (2004 ed.) (Fiftieth anniversary ed. 2011 ISBN 978-0-141-19731-9)
* ''The ChangingComplete FacesDead ofSea JesusScrolls in English'',. London,Londinii: Penguin, 20011997. ISBN 978-0-14-026524044952-5 (2004 ed.) (Fiftieth anniversary ed. 2011 ISBN 978-0-141-19731-49)
* ''JesusProvidential in his Jewish ContextAccidents'',. Minneapolis,Londinii: FortressSCM Press, 20031998. ISBN 0-8006334-362302722-6*5; ''TheLanham AuthenticTerrae [[Gospel]]Mariae: ofRowman Jesus'',& LondonLittlefield, Penguin 20041998. ISBN 0-148476-1003609340-X6 [De vita sua]
* ''The [[PassionChanging (Christianity)|Passion]]Faces of Jesus'',. London,Londinii: Penguin, 20052001. ISBN 0-14-102132026524-2.4
* ''Who's WhoJesus in thehis AgeJewish of JesusContext'',. LondonMinneapoli: Fortress Press, Penguin 20052003. ISBN 0-148006-0515653623-86
* ''The Nativity:Authentic HistoryGospel andof LegendJesus'',. London,Londinii: Penguin, 20062004. ISBN 0-14-102446100360-1X
* ''The Resurrection: History and MythPassion'',. DoubledayLondinii: BooksPenguin, 20082005. ISBN 0-38514-52242102132-82.
* ''SearchingWho's Who forin the RealAge of Jesus'',. LondonLondinii: Penguin, SCM Press 20102005. ISBN 978-0-33414-04358051565-48
* ''The Story of the ScrollsNativity: The Miraculous DiscoveryHistory and True Significance of the Dead Sea ScrollsLegend'',. London,Londinii: Penguin, 20102006. ISBN 978-0-14-104615102446-01
* ''The Resurrection: History and Myth''. Novi Eboraci: Doubleday, 2008. ISBN 0-385-52242-8.
* ''Jesus: Nativity - Passion - Resurrection'', London, Penguin 2010 ISBN 978-0-14-104622-8
* ''Searching for the Real Jesus: inJesus, the JewishDead WorldSea Scrolls and other religious themes'',. London,Londinii: SCM Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-334-0437904358-94
* ''The Story of the Scrolls: the miraculous discovery and true significance of the Dead Sea Scrolls''. Londinii: Penguin, 2010. ISBN 978-0-14-104615-0
* ''Christian Beginnings from Nazareth to Nicaea, AD 30-325'', London, Allen Lane 2012 ISBN 978-1-846-14150-8
* ''Jesus: Nativitynativity - Passionpassion - Resurrectionresurrection'',. London,Londinii: Penguin, 2010. ISBN 978-0-14-104622-8
For more details see his autobiography, ''Providential Accidents'', London, SCM Press, 1998 ISBN 0-334-02722-5; Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham MD, 1998 ISBN 0-8476-9340-6.
* ''Jesus in the Jewish World''. Londinii: SCM Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-334-04379-9
* ''Christian Beginnings from Nazareth to Nicaea, AD 30-325'',. London,Londinii: Allen Lane, 2012. ISBN 978-1-846-14150-8
 
==References Notae ==
{{reflist}}
 
== Bibliographia ==
{{Dead Sea Scrolls}}
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/17/world/europe/geza-vermes-dead-sea-scrolls-scholar-dies-at-88.html?_r=0 Necrologia] in ''[[New York Times]]'' (17 Maii 2013)
* Philip Alexander, "[http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2013/may/14/geza-vermes Geza Vermes obituary]" in ''[[The Guardian]]'' (14 Maii 2013)
 
{{Authority control|VIAF=109150730}}
{{Persondata <!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]]. -->
| NAME = Vermes, Geza
| ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
| SHORT DESCRIPTION = Jewish historian
| DATE OF BIRTH = 22 June 1924
| PLACE OF BIRTH =
| DATE OF DEATH = 8 May 2013
| PLACE OF DEATH =
}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Vermes, Geza}}
[[Category:1924Nati births1924]]
[[Category:2013Mortui deaths2013]]
[[Categoria:Alumni Universitatis Catholicae Lovaniensis]]
[[Category:People from Makó]]
[[Categoria:Professores Universitatis Novocastellensis]]
[[Category:Academics of Newcastle University]]
[[Categoria:]]
[[Category:Dead Sea scrolls]]
[[Category:Fellows of the British Academy]]