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[[Fasciculus:NAMA Mystères d'Eleusis.jpg|thumb|upright=1.42|[[Tabula votiva]], Eleusine in sacello reperta, elementa sacrorum EleusiniorumEleusinorum (medio [[saeculum 4 a.C.n.|saeculo IVquarto a.C.n.]]) depingensdepingit.]]
[[Fasciculus:NAMA Triade éleusinienne.jpg|thumb|[[Triptolemus]], [[tres|triplicem]] [[Triticum|tritici]] fasciculum praebens, benedictiones [[Demeter|Demetris]] et [[Persephone]]s accipit. ''Caelatura<!--Relief''{{dubsig}}--> [[saeculum 5 a.C.n.|saeculi quinti a.C.n.]], in [[Museum Nationale Archaeologicum Athenarum|Museo Mationali Archaeologico Athenarum]] conservatum.]]
[[Fasciculus:Eleusinian hydria Antikensammlung Berlin 1984.46 n2.jpg|thumb|upright=1.2|[[Demeter]], in regali solio sedens, [[Metanira]]m [[genu|genibus]] nitentem [[manus|manu]] benedicit, quae [[triticum]] triplicem porrigit, permanens arcanorum signum ([[Pictor Varrese]], [[hydria]] [[figlina figurarum rubrarum|figurarum rubrarum]]<!--red-figure pottery--> ca. [[340 a.C.n.]], ex [[pictura vasorum Apuliana|Apulia]]).]]
 
'''Mysteria Eleusina'''<ref>"Mysteria Eleusina . . . Cereris sacrificia, quae ad Eleusin Oppidum Atticae celebrabantur." Ludovicus Vives, [http://books.google.com/books?id=7WrcxvOTYlAC ''Dialogos de Juan Luis Vives,''] a Christoval Coret y Peris Hispanice conversus, ed. 7a (Valentiae: 1780), p. 322.</ref><ref>Cf. "''Misteria Eleusinae":'' in [[Lucius Ampelius|Lucii Ampelii]], ''Liber memoriale'' [http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/ampelius.shtml 15.2].</ref><ref>De [[nomen adiectivum|nomine adiectivo]], vide "tardaque Eleusinae matris volventia plaustra," [[Vergilius]], [[Georgica]], I.163.</ref> ([[Graece]] {{Polytonic|ἘλευσίνιαἘλευσίνα μυστήρια}}), vel '''arcana Eleusina,'''<ref>"Hinc factum est, ut ex antiquis nullo pacto eruditi potuerint eruere arcana Eleusina, & Orphica." Prosperus ab Aquila, [http://books.google.com/books?id=EjtLcFqiCQAC ''Dictionarium Theologicm Portatile''] (1769), p. 157.</ref> vel '''sacra Eleusinia,'''<ref>[[Suetonius]], ''[[De vita Caesarum]],'' "Claudius" 25; [[Aulus Gellius]], ''[[Noctes Atticae]]'' 11.6.5.</ref><ref>"''Eleusinis sacris"'' (abl. pl.): Suetonius, ''De vita Caesarum'' "Nero" 34.4; ''[[Historia Augusta]],'' "Alexander Severus" 18.2.</ref><ref>Confer ''sacra Cereris'' (Cicero), in Cassell's, s.v. ''săcer.''</ref> fuerunt [[initia (sacra)|initia]] [[Demeter|Demetris]] et [[Persephone]]s quotannis habita, [[Eleusin]]e in [[Attica]]e antiquae [[oppidum|oppido]] notissimo condita. Quae sacra inter ceteras caerimonias apud antiquos celebrata maximi momenti habebantur.
fuerunt [[initia (sacra)|initia]] [[Demeter|Demetris]] et [[Persephone]]s quotannis habita, [[Eleusin]]e in [[Attica]]e antiquae oppido notissimo condita. Quae sacra inter cetera caerimonia apud antiquos celebrata maximi momenti habebantur.
 
ConstatConstant EleusiniaEleusina sacra fuisse in vetere [[agrarianismus|cultu agrario]] posita, qui a tempore [[Cultura Mycenaea|Mycenaeo]] (c. 1600–[[1100 a.C.n.]]) originem trahere videtur. Etiam memoriae[[memoria]]e traditum est [[cultus|cultum]] Demetris anno [[1500 a.C.n.]] institutum fuisse.<ref>Mylonas 1961:24. "Again, from legends we learn of the arrival of the Cult of Demeter at Eleusis in the fifteenth century [a.C.n.]—an event that must of course have had a profound influence on the life and activities of the site."</ref> Notio [[immortalitas|immortalitatis]], quae in religionibus[[religio]]nibus [[syncretismus|syncretisticis]] antiquitatis comparet, antiquitate exeunte introducta est.<ref name=Nilsson42>[http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/gpr/ Martin Nilsson, ''The Greek popular religion: The cult of Eleusis,''] pp. 42–44.</ref> Mysteriis illis Persephone a [[Pluto (deus)|Plutone]] [[rex|rege]] [[inferi|inferorum]] ({{Polytonic|Ἀίδης}}) ex [[manus|manibus]] Demetris matris abducta repraesentabatur. Qui [[mythologia|mythus]], dispositus circulo tripartito qui in descensu (propter amissionem) et indagatione et adscensu consistebat, praecipue de adscensu Persephones eiusque cum matre reconciliatione narrabat. HaeMysteria fuitEleusina maioresfuerunt feriae maioris momenti [[Hellenismus|aetate HellenicaHellenistica]] celebratacelebratae, quae deindepostea [[Roma antiqua|Romam]]m extenditmanaverunt.<ref>[[Sergeius Uvarov|Ouvaroff, M.]]<!-- (alternatively given as Sergei Semenovich Uvarov ~ Sergey Uvarov, 1786–1855)--> (ex Francica a J. D. Price conversus) [http://books.google.com/books?id=EFocAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover ''Essay on the Mysteries of Eleusis''] (Londinii: Rodwell and Martin, 1817). Reimpressio: Kessinger Publishing, 2004). Secundum Ouvaroff, scire tempus primorum Mysteriorum Eleusinorum multas quaestiones habere.</ref> Quae mysteria Eleusinia fuerunt feriae maioris momenti aetate Hellenistica celebratae, quae postea Romam manaverunt. ''[[Eleusin]]'', [[Nomen proprium|nomen]] oppidi, prae-Graecum esse videtur. Sunt qui putent huic nomini cognationem esse cum [[Elysium|Elysio]] et [[Ilithyia]] (Graece {{Polytonic|Εἰλειθυία}}).<ref>"[[Elysion]]: The island of the happy dead (Hesiod: ''Works and days'' 166ff). [[Eileithyia]]. A Minoan goddess of childbirth and divine midwifery." F. Schachermeyer, ''Die Minoische Kultur des alten Kreta'' (Stuttgartiae: W. Kohlhammer, 1967), pp 141–142.</ref>
<ref>"[[Elysion]]: The island of the happy dead (Hesiod: ''Works and days'' 166ff). [[Eileithyia]]. A Minoan goddess of childbirth and divine midwifery." F. Schachermeyer, ''Die Minoische Kultur des alten Kreta'' (Stuttgartiae: W. Kohlhammer, 1967), pp 141–142.</ref>
 
[[Ritus]], [[caerimonia]]e, [[fides]]que fuerunt res absconditae, perpetuo celatae et custoditae. Initiati credebant sese in [[vita posterior]]e<!--?afterlife--> compensationem accepturos esse.<ref>Antonia Tripolitis, ''Religions of the Hellenistic-Roman Age'' (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, November 2001), pp. 16–21.</ref> Hodie adsunt multae [[pictura]]e et fragmenta [[figlina]]e quae varios arcanorum aspectus describunt. Quia arcana imagines visas<!--visions--> et praestigias vitae posterioris comprehendebant, nonnulli eruditi hodierni putant potestatem et longaevitatem mysteriorum Eleusinorum ex [[psychedelia|rebus psychedelicis]] emanavisse.<ref name="Wasson, R 1978">[[R. Gordon Wasson|Wasson, R. Gordon]], [[Carl A. P. Ruck|Ruck, Carl]], [[Albert Hofmann|Hofmann, A.]], ''The Road to Eleusis: Unveiling the Secret of the Mysteries''. Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1978.</ref>
Mysteria ad [[mythologia|mythum]] de [[Demeter|Demetre]] pertinent, [[dea]] [[agricultura]]e et [[fertilitas|fertilitatis]], ut in uno ex [[Hymni Homerici|Hymnis Homericis]] (ca. [[650 a.C.n.]]) [[narratio|narratur]]. Secundum [[hymnus|hymnum]], [[Persephone]] Demetris [[filia]] (etiam ''Kore'' 'Virgo' appellata), cum ea et amicae [[flos|flores]] conligerent, ab [[Hades (mythologia)|Hade]], [[deus|deo]] [[mors|mortis]] [[infernus Graecus|infernique Graeci]], capta est; qui eam ad suum [[regnum]] subterraneum abstulit. Demeter conturbata filiam ubique petebat. Ob suam miseriam, adque cogendum [[Zeus|Iovem]] ut sineret Persephonem redire, terribilem effecit [[siccitas|siccitatem]], quo [[homo|homines]] dolore adfecti fameque confecti sunt; quo deos sacrificiis et veneratione privaret. Evenit ut Zeus molliens Persephonem sivit ad matrem redire.<ref>Helene P. Foley, ''The Homeric "Hymn to Demeter" (Princetoniae: Princeton University Press, 1994). Etiam Steck Vaughn, ''Demeter and Persephone'' (Steck Vaughn Publishing, June 1994).</ref>
 
Ex mytho, Demeter indagans procul errat, cum multa patret incepta minora. Verum aliquando tamen [[Triptolemus|Triptolemum]] arcanis [[agricultura]]e docet.<ref>William Smith, ''A New Classical Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography, Mythology and Geography,'' vol. 2 (Kessinger Publishing, 2006).</ref> Ad extremum, Iove consulto, Demeter filiam sibi coniungit, ac [[tellus]] in priorem viriditatem prosperitatemque primo [[autumnus|autumno]] restituitur. <!--PLUS IN EN:-->
 
Zeus, a ploratibus hominum pressus qui [[fames|fame]] periebant aliorumque deum qui [[mortalitas|mortalium]] exaudiebant angorem, Hadem ut Persephonen remitteret coegit. Erat autem regula [[Fatum|Fatorum]] quod quicumque [[cibus|cibum]] vel [[potio]]nem in inferno consumpsit [[aeternitas|aeternitatem]] ibi degere debuit. Antequam Persephone est [[Hermes|Hermi]] [[libertas|liberata]] (qui ad eam recuperandam missus erat), Hades fraude ac dolio fecit ut ea [[semen|semina]] [[Punica granatum|mali granati]] ederet, [[sex]] vel [[quattuor]], secundum auctorem; quo facto, in infernos nonnullos [[mensis|menses]] quotannis redire debuit, cum Hade sex vel quattuor [[mensis|menses]] (cuique semini singulo mense), cum [[mater|matre]] super [[terra (humus)|terram]] aequale tempore commorari. [[Filia]] diu absente, mater tristis terram cultam neglegere coepit; filia autem ad [[superficies|superficiem]] reducta, mater laetabilis [[vegetatio]]nem [[tellus|telluris]] denuo curabat. <!--PLUS IN EN:-->
 
==Vide etiam==
*[[Bacchoi]]
*[[Cabeiri]]
*[[Campus Rharianus]]
*[[Ceres (dea)]]
*[[Daduchus]]
*[[Dea papaverum]]<!--Poppy goddess-->
*[[Eleusinium]]
*[[Eleusis (ludus)]]
|
*[[Iambe]]
*[[Orphismus (religio)|Orphismus]]
*[[Prorrhesis]]
*[[Via Sacra (Attica)]]
==Bibliographia==
*Apud Clementem Alexandrinum, ''Exhortation to the Greeks'' (Meyer 1999:18).
* [[Pseudo-Apollodorus|Apollodorus]]<!--aut Apollodorus grammaticus?-->. ''[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Apollod.+1.1.1 Apollodorus: The Library]'', Sirconversus Jamesab George[[Iacobus Georgius Frazer|Iacobo Georgio Frazer]] (translator)Equite. Two2 volumesvoll. [[Loeb Classical Library]]. CambridgeCantabrigiae MAMassachusettae: Harvard University Press; and LondonLondinii: William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. Vol. 1: ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Vol. 2: ISBN 0-674-99136-2.
* Boardman, Griffin, et Murray. [[1986]].''The Oxford History of the Classical World.'' (Oxoniae: Oxford University Press 1986). ISBN 978-0-19-872112-3.
* Bowden, Hugh. [[2010]]. ''Mystery Cults of the Ancient World.'' (Princetoniae: Princeton University Press).<!--study of the Mysteries of Eleusis and other cults of ancient Greece and Rome-->
* Brisson, Luc, et Catherine Tihanyi. [[2004]]. ''How Philosophers Saved Myths: Allegorical Interpretation and Classical Mythology.'' Sicagi: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-07535-4.
* [[Gualterius Burkert|Burkert, Walter]]. [[1987]]. ''Ancient Mystery Cults.'' Cantabrigiae Massachusettae: Harvard University Press.
* [[Cicero]]. ''De Legibus.,'' II, xiv, 2.14.36.
* Clinton, Kevin. [[1994]]. "The Epidauria and the Arrival of Asclepius in Athens" in ''Ancient Greek Cult Practice from the Epigraphical Evidence.''. edited byEd. R. Hägg. Holmiae. ISBN 91-7916-029-8.
* [[Eugenius Goblet d'Alviella|Goblet d’Alviella, Eugène, comte]]. [[1903]]. ''The mysteries of Eleusis : the secret rites and rituals of the classical Greek mystery tradition.''.
*Greene, William C. [[1946]]. "The Return of Persephone." inIn ''Classical Philology.'' Sicagi: University of Chicago Press.
* [[Carolus Kerényi|Kerényi, Karl]]. [[1991]]. ''Eleusis: Archetypal Image of Mother and Daughter.'' Princetoniae: Princeton University Press ISBN 0-691-01915-0.
* Metzner, Ralph. [[1997]]. The Reunification of the Sacred and the natural. ''Eleusis'' 8:3–13.
* Vaughn, Steck. [[1994]]. ''Demeter and Persephone.'' Steck Vaughn Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8114-3362-4.
* [[R. Gordon Wasson|Wasson, R]], [[Carolus A. P. Ruck|Carl Ruck]], et [[Albertus Hofmann|Albert Hofmann]]. [[1978]]. ''The Road to Eleusis: Unveiling the Secret of the Mysteries.'' Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich. ISBN 0-15-177872-8.
*Willoughby, Harold R. [[2003]]. [http://books.google.com/books?id=3jx8fVdCfSEC&pg=PA36&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=0_0&sig=30E3z1jD2oK_Krg2ZUSIDRoUvII "The Greater Mysteries at Eleusis,"] caput 2, ex [http://books.google.com/books?id=3jx8fVdCfSEC&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0 ''Pagan Regeneration: A Study of Mystery Initiations in the Graeco-Roman World.''] Kessinger Publishing, ISBN 0-7661-8083-2.<!-- Broad excerpts can be browsed online.-->
 
==Nexus externi==
{{CommuniaCat|Eleusinian Mysteries|Mysteria Eleusina}}
*Edward A. Beach, [http://www.uwec.edu/philrel/faculty/beach/publications/eleusis.html "The Eleusinian Mysteries.,"] www.uwec.edu
*Thomas R. Martin, [http://web.archive.org/web/20080315014258/http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0009&query=head%3d%23168 "The Eleusinian Mysteries.,"]<!-- eXweb.archive.org (ex ''An Overview of Classical Greek History from Homer to Alexander''.)
* [http://eleusis.library.cornell.edu/ Imagines Inscriptionu] deInscriptionum ArcanisArcanorum EleusinisEleusinorum,] eleusis.library.cornell.edu ([[Cornell University Library]].)
* R. Gordon Wasson, Albert Hofmann, et Carl A. P. Ruck, [http://www.psychedelic-library.org/eleucont.htm Praefatio et caput primum] ex libro ''The Road to Eleusis,''] www.psychedelic-library.org
* [http://www.rosicrucian.org/publications/digest/digest2_2009/table_of_contents.html ''Rosicrucian Digest,''] vol. 87<!--,] devoted entirely to the Eleusinian Mysteries-->www.rosicrucian.org
[[Categoria:Ceres (dea)]]
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