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[[ImagoFasciculus:Thucydides-bust-cutout_ROM.jpg|thumb|Effigies Thucydidis apud [[Royal Ontario Museum]] [[Torontum|Toronti]].]]
'''Thucydides''' ([[Graece]] Θουκυδίδης) fuit historicus, scriptor ac magistratus [[Athenae|Atheniensis]] [[Saeculum 5 a.C.n.|Saeculi V a.C.n.]], auctor historiae ''[[De bello Peloponnesiaco]]''. De vita eius scimus autem perpauca, quae ipse in opera sua inscripsit: libro primo enim Atheniensem se adfirmat esse, dein se [[pestis|peste]] quae Athenas bellum gerentes adfligebat laboravisse et creatum esse magistratum militarem annis [[424 a.C.n.|424]] et [[423 a.C.n.|423]]. Post quos propter miserum exitum incepti [[Amphipolis]], quae a [[Sparta|Lacedaemoniis]] capta est, damnatus ad exilium in [[Thracia]]m pervenit, ubi maximam partem operae suae dicitur scripsisse. Obscurus est annus mortis, sed probabiliter obiit antequam operam suam perfectam: nam ea subito interrumpitur post librum octavum, qui non limatus esse videtur et eventa usque ad annum [[411 a.C.n.|411]] narrat, quamvis bellum anno [[404 a.C.n.|404]] vero confectum sit. Partem ultimam operae Thucydidis adfirmant nonnulli historici confluxisse in scripta [[Xenophon]]tis, qui postea eam emendatam ediderit.
 
== De indagine historica Thucydidaea ==
 
== Vide etiam ==
* [[Bellum Peloponnesiacum]]
 
<!-- '''Thucydides''' (c. [[460 BC]] – c. [[395 BC]]), [[Ancient Greek|Greek]], ''Thoukudídēs'') was an ancient [[Greeks|Greek]] [[history|historian]], and the author of the ''[[History of the Peloponnesian War]],'' which recounts the [[5th century BC]] war between [[Sparta]] and [[Athens]] to the year [[411 BC]]. Thucydides is considered by many to be a scientific historian because of his efforts in his ''History'' to describe the human world in terms of cause and effect, his strict standards of gathering evidence, and his neglect of the gods in explaining the events of the past. Other scholars lay greater emphasis on the ''History''’s elaborate literary artistry and the powerful rhetoric of its speeches and insist that its author exploited non-"scientific" literary genres no less than newer, rationalistic modes of explanation.
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