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'''Iacobus Franciscus Stephens''' ([[Anglice]]: ''James Francis Stephens''), natus est die [[16 Septembris]], [[1792]] ad [[Shoreham-by-Sea]] - mortuus est die [[22 Decembris]], [[1852]] fuit studiosus [[Ornithologia|ornithologicuszoologia]]e, [[Zoologia|zoologicusornithologia]]e et [[Entomologia|entomologicusentomologia]]e [[Anglia|Anglicus]].
[[Fasciculus:Stephens ill.jpg|right|thumb|''Trichoptera apud Stephen’s Entomologiae Brittanica]]
'''Iacobus Franciscus Stephens''' ([[Anglice]]: ''James Francis Stephens''), natus est die [[16 Septembris]], [[1792]] ad [[Shoreham-by-Sea]] - mortuus est die [[22 Decembris]], [[1852]] fuit studiosus [[Ornithologia|ornithologicus]], [[Zoologia|zoologicus]] et [[Entomologia|entomologicus]] [[Anglia|Anglicus]].
Stephens was born in [[Shoreham-by-Sea]] and studied at [[Christ's Hospital]]. <ref name=odnb>[http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/26385 Stephens, James Francis (1792-1852), entomologist] by Yolanda Foote in [[Dictionary of National Biography]] online (accessed 22 July 2008)</ref>
[[FasciculusImago:Stephens ill.jpg|right|thumb|''Trichoptera apud Stephen’s Entomologiae Brittanica]].
He was employed in the Admiralty office, [[Somerset House]], from 1807 to 1845. In his spare time he assisted [[William Elford Leach]] in arranging the [[insect]] collection at the [[British Museum]] (In 1818 he was seconded to the British Museum, and on completion of his work returned to the Admiralty).He made a large insect collection, which contains many [[Holotype|type]] specimens. After his retirement this collection was purchased by the British Museum.
In 1833, he was a founder of what became the [[Regalis Societas Entomologicae Londinium]].
==Dispute with Curtis==
Stephen’s ''Illustrations of British Entomology'', often entitled simply ''British Entomology'' was in immediate competition with [[Ioannes Curtis]]' ''British Entomology'' (1824-1839). This gave rise to an acrimonious dispute which split the British entomological establishment into opposing factions for over thirty years. They were never reconciled despite Stephen’s close friend [[John Obadiah Westwood|John Obadiah Westwood’s]] attempt to heal the rift.
== Bibliographia ==
* ''Nomenclature of British Insects: Being a Compendious List of Such Species'' (1829).
* The last six volumes of ''General Zoology, or systematic natural history'' (1800-26) (16 volumes) after the death of [[Georgius Shaw]].
* ''A systematic Catalogue of British insects: being an attempt to arrange all the hitherto discovered indigenous insects in accordance with their natural affinities. Containing also the references to every English writer on entomology, and to the principal foreign authors. With all the published British genera to the present time''(1829.)
* ''Illustrations of British Entomology; or, a synopsis of indigenous insects, containing their generic and specific distinctions; with an account of their metamorphoses, times of appearance, localities, food, and economy, as far as practicable.In ten volumes''. (1828-1846).
This work consists of 7 volumes of [[Mandibulata]], 4 volumes of [[Haustellata]], and 1 supplementary volume. The plates are coloured by hand, after drawings by [[C.M. Curtis]] and [[Ioannes Obadiah Westwood]].
== Nexus externi ==
* [http://www.toyen.uio.no/entomology/gusarov/Library/Stephens.htm ''Stephen's Entomologiae Brittanica apud Universitatem Asloa]
== Vide etiam ==
* [[Index nominum zoologorum]]
{{DEFAULTSORT:Stephens, Iacobus Franciscus}}
[[Categoria:Nati 1792]]
[[Categoria:Mortui 1853]]
[[Categoria:BiologiZoologi AngliaeBritanniae]]
[[Categoria:Sodales Societatis Entomologicae Londiniensis]]
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