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Precise [[genocide definitions|definition varies among genocide scholars]]. A [[legal]] definition is found in the 1948 [[United Nations]] [[Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide]]. Article 2, of this convention defines genocide as "any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a [[nation]]al, [[ethnicity|ethnical]], [[Race (classification of human beings)|racial]] or [[religion|religious]] group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life, calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; [and] forcibly transferring children of the group to another group."<ref>Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. ''Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.'' http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/p_genoci.htm.</ref>-->
== Excogitatio termini ==
Terminus [[Lingua Anglica|Anglicus]] ''genocide'' anno [[1943]] excogitatus est ab [[Raphael Lemkin]] (1900–1959), viro [[Polonia|Polonico]] [[Iudaea|Iudaeoque]] legibus docto, ex verbo [[Graecia|Graeco]] ''génos'' et radice [[Latina]] ''-cid-'' ex ''occidere.''
Ad Consilium Legitimum [[Societas Civitatum|Societatis Civitatum]] [[Matritum|Matriti]] eodem anno primam rogationem ut tales "actus barbarismi" interdicantur obtulit, sed ab gubernatione [[Polonia|Poloniensi]] (tunc [[Germania]]m [[Nazi]]stam placanti) condemnata, rogatio defecit.<ref name="Euro">[http://www.europaworld.org/issue40/raphaellemkin22601.htm Raphael Lemkin] - EuropeWorld, 22/6/2001.</ref>
== Vide etiam ==
*[[Belli scelus]]
*[[Bellum Darfurense]]
== Notae ==
== Fontes ==
* Frank Chalk et Kurt Jonassohn. [[1990]]. ''The History and Sociology of Genocide: Analyses and Case Studies.'' Novus Portus: Yale University Press.
* Israel W. Charny. [[1999]]. ''Encyclopedia of Genocide.'' ABC-Clio Inc. ISBN 0-87436-928-2.
* Daniele Conversi. [[2005]]. "Genocide, ethnic cleansing, and nationalism." In ''Handbook of Nations and Nationalism''. Gerard Delanty and Krishan Kumar ediderunt, 1, pp. 319&ndash;333319–333. [[Londinium|Londini]]: Sage Publications.
* Barbara Harff. [[2003]].; ''Early Warning of Communal Conflict and Genocide: Linking Empirical Research to International Responses.'' Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-9840-1.
*M. Hassan Kakar. [[1995]]. ''[http://content.cdlib.org/xtf/view?docId=ft7b69p12h&brand=eschol Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979–1982]''. Berkeley: [[University of California]] Press. ISBN 05200859140-520-08591-4.
* Michael J. Kelly. [[2005]]. ''Nowhere to Hide: Defeat of the Sovereign Immunity Defense for Crimes of Genocide & the Trials of Slobodan Milosevic and Saddam Hussein.'' Peter Lang.
* Alexander Laban. [[2002]].; ''Genocide: An Anthropological Reader.'' Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 063122355X0-631-22355-X.
* Catharine A. MacKinnon. [[2006]]. Are Women Human?: And Other International Dialogues. Belknap Press, Harvard University Press.
* Samantha Powers. [[2003]]. ''"A Problem from Hell": America and the Age of Genocide.'' Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-06-054164-4.
*Gavriel D. Rosenfeld. [[1999]]. "[http://hgs.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/13/1/28 The Politics of Uniqueness: Reflections on the Recent Polemical Turn in Holocaust and Genocide Scholarship]." ''Holocaust and Genocide Studies'' 13(1):28&ndash;6128–61.
* R. J. Rummel. [[1997]]. ''[http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/NOTE1.HTM Death by Government]''. Transaction Publishers. ISBN 1-56000-927-6.
* Martin Shaw. [[2007]]. ''What is Genocide?'' Cambridge: Polity Press.
*Lyal S. Sunga. [[1997]]. ''The Emerging System of International Criminal Law: Developments in Codification and Implementation.'' Kluwer. ISBN 90-411-0472-0.
* Lyal S. Sunga. [[1992]]. ''Individual Responsibility in International Law for Serious Human Rights Violations.'' Nijhoff. ISBN 0-7923-1453-0.
* Samuel Totten, William S. Parsons, et Israel W. Charny. [[2004]]. ''Century of Genocide: Critical Essays and Eyewitness Accounts.'' Editio altera. Routledge.
* Benjamin A. Valentino. [[2004]]. ''Final Solutions: Mass Killing and Genocide in the 20th Century.'' Cornell University Press. ISBN 08014396550-8014-3965-5.
[[Categoria:Generis occidio|*]]
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