Quantum redactiones paginae "Particula elementaris" differant

Summarium vacuum
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In [[Physica particularum elementarium|physicā particularum]], '''particula elementaris'''<ref>Emanuel Swedenborg, ''Opera philosophica et mineralia''</ref> vel '''fundamentalis''' [[particula subatomica]] substructurā carens est, scilicet, aliis e particulis non constat.<ref name="Braibant">Braibant, Silvia (Sylvie); Giacomelli, Georgius (Giorgio); Spurio, Mauritius (Maurizio) (2012). [https://books.google.es/books?id=e8YUUG2pGeIC&pg=PA384&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false Particles and Fundamental Interactions: An introduction to particle physics] (secunda editio) (Anglice). Springer. ISBN 978-94-007-2463-1.</ref> Particulae quae in praesenti elementares esse habentur sunt fundamentales [[fermion]]es ([[quarcum|quarca]], [[lepton]]es, [[antiquarcum|antiquarca]] et [[antilepton]]es), qui plerumque "particulae [[Materia (physica)|materiae]] ac [[antimateria]]e"; non minus quam fundamentales [[boson]]es ([[boson|bosones vires adferentes]] ([[Anglice]]: ''gauge bosons'')<ref>{{cite book | author=Gribbin, John | title=Q is for Quantum: An Encyclopedia of Particle Physics | publisher=Simon & Schuster | year=2000 | isbn=0-684-85578-X}}.</ref><ref>{{cite book | author=Clark, John, E.O. | title=The Essential Dictionary of Science | publisher=Barnes & Noble | year=2004 | isbn=0-7607-4616-8}}.</ref> et [[boson Higgsianus]]<ref>[http://www.alcuinus.net/ephemeris/scientiae.php?id=1103| Ephemeris: ''De bosone Higgsiano comperto'', 8 Iulii 2012]</ref>), quae plerumque "particulae vis" [[vires fundamentales|interactiones]] inter fermiones mediantes sunt.<ref name="Braibant">Braibant, Silvia (Sylvie); Giacomelli, Georgius (Giorgio); Spurio, Mauritius (Maurizio) (2012). [https://books.google.es/books?id=e8YUUG2pGeIC&pg=PA384&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false Particles and Fundamental Interactions: An introduction to particle physics] (secunda editio) (Anglice). Springer. ISBN 978-94-007-2463-1.</ref> Particula duas aut plures particulas elementares continens [[particula composita]] nuncupatur.
 
Olim physici habebant particulas elementares esse omnes istas particulas subatomicas:
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