Quantum redactiones paginae "Pastillum Hamburgense" differant

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== Origo et historia ==
[[Isicium Hamburgense|Isicium]], quod partem carnosam huius ferculi constituit, fortasse ex isiciis iam in [[Germania]] septentrionali confectis, ''[[Frikadelle]]'' appellatis, imitatum est. In popinis Germanis iam annis 1870 talia isicia inferebantur a cauponibus magna parte per [[Hamburgum]] ad Civitates Faederatas immigrantibus. ''Hamburg steak'' ("frustum bubulum Hamburgense") per analogiam nuncupabantur, quamquam non e frustis bubulis sed e carne concisa in ofellas refecta proveniebant, quia eodem tempore ofellae carnis bubulae concisae crudae ad invalidos nutriendos nomine ''[[Salisbury steak]]'' conficiebantur; botuli appellationibus urbium Europaearum ''[[Frankfurter]]'' et ''[[Wiener]]'' iam nominati erant. Anno 18731872, [[Novumprimus Eboracumomnium (urbs)|Novinobis Eboraci]] in urbecognitorum,<ref>"Hamburg steakpoëta ...Robert simplyBluebeard aKydd beefsteakde redeemedhis fromdeliciis its original toughness by being mashed into mincemeat"cecinit: ''[[New York Times]]'' (1873) fide [[#Smith (2008)]] p. 16</ref> anno 1876 in popina Germana [[Expositio Centennialis (1876)|Expositionis Centennialis]] [[Philadelphia (Pennsilvania)|Philadelphia]]e ''Hamburger steaks'' crebrissime venditata sunt.<ref>''New York Tribune'' (1876) fide [[#Smith (2008)]] p. 17</ref>
:''And sour kraut I esteem a relish''<br />
:''My wine and Hamburg steak to embellish''
("[[sauerkraut|salgama e brassica]] gustum aestimo ad vinum isiciumque Hamburgense").<ref>Robert Bluebeard Kydd, ''The Old Trunk and New Carpet-Bag'' (1872), cf. [[#Popik (2005)]]</ref> Anno 1873 [[Novum Eboracum (urbs)|Novi Eboraci]] in urbe,<ref>"Hamburg steak ... simply a beefsteak redeemed from its original toughness by being mashed into mincemeat": ''[[New York Times]]'' (19 Ianuarii 1873), cf. [[#Popik (2005)]]</ref> anno 1876 in popina Germana [[Expositio Centennialis (1876)|Expositionis Centennialis]] [[Philadelphia (Pennsilvania)|Philadelphia]]e ''Hamburger steaks'' crebrissime venditata sunt.<ref>''New York Tribune'' (1876) fide [[#Smith (2008)]] p. 17</ref>
 
Qui autem primus isicium Hamburgense nuper frictum in pastillum sive inter frusta panis immiserit, ut verum [[cibus viarius|cibum viarium]] constituerit, haud scimus. Hoc ante annum [[1893]] certe accidit, quo anno in urbe [[Reno]] [[Nivata]]e ''Hamburger steak [[sandwich]]es'' semper prompta venisse asseverantur.<ref>''Evening EodemGazette'' fere[Reno] anno(1893) fide [[#Smith (2008)]] p. 20</ref> Post tres annos [[Sicagum|Chicagine]] [[cibus promptus]] verbis non ambiguis describitur:
:''A distinguished favourite, only five cents, is Hamburger steak sandwich, the meat for which is kept ready in small patties and cooked while you wait on a gasoline range'' ("multo tibi gratissimus, quinque centesimis nec pluribus panis fartus Hamburgensis oblatus est, qui promptus in forma isiciorum tenetur atque in craticula gase succensa dum opperiris coquitur").<ref>''[[Chicago Daily Tribune]]'' (c.5 1895Iulii 1896), fidecf. [[#Smith (2008)]] p. 20</ref>
 
== Notae ==
* Josh Ozersky, ''Hamburgers: a cultural history''. Novo Portu: Yale University Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-300-11758-5 {{Google Books|MjP0Jf2DGkEC|Paginae selectae}}
* Elisabeth Rozin, ''The Primal Cheeseburger: A Generous Helping of Food History Served On a Bun''. Novi Eboraci: Penguin, 1994. ISBN 0-14-017843-0
* <span id="Smith (2008)"></span>Andrew F. Smith, ''Hamburger: A Global History''. Londinii: Reaktion Books, 2008. ISBN 1-86189-390-6 (fons principalis huiushistoriae et bibliographiae nostrae)
* Jeffrey Tennyson, ''Hamburger Heaven: the illustrated history of the hamburger''. Novi Eboraci, 1993
 
* 2004 : Rebecca Bent, Tom Steele, ''Burgers: 50 recipes celebrating an American classic''. Clarkson Potter, 2004
* 2004 : Emily Bloom, ''Burgers Every Way: 100 recipes using beef, chicken, turkey, lamb, fish and vegetables''. Novi Eboraci, 2004
 
{{NexInt}}
* [[McDonald's]]
* [[Artocreas]]
* [[Hilla calens]]
 
== Nexus externi ==
* <span id="Popik (2005)"></span>Barry Popik, "[https://www.barrypopik.com/index.php/new_york_city/entry/hamburger Hamburger (a full etymology)]" (1 Decembris 2005)
 
[[Categoria:Ars coquinaria Civitatum Foederatarum]]