Quantum redactiones paginae "Supremum Tribunal Signaturae Apostolicae" differant

Summarium vacuum
[[Fasciculus:Parione - palazzo Riario o Cancelleria nuova 1628.JPG|thumb|Palatium Cancellariae, sedes Signaturae Apostolicae]]
'''Supremum Tribunal Signaturae Apostolicae''' est dicasterium [[Curia Romana|curiae romanae]] et supremum Tribunal [[Sancta Sedes|Sanctae Sedis]] , accurate secundum [[constitutio apostolica|constitutionem apostolicam]] ''Pastor Bonus'' (artt. 122 usque ad 125) competentiae Supremi Tribunalis Signaturae Apostolicae sunt:
'''Supremum Tribunal Signaturae Apostolicae''' (breviter '''STSA''') est dicasterium [[Curia Romana|Curiae Romanae]] et supremum tribunal [[Sancta Sedes|Sanctae Sedis]].<ref>[https://www.codex-iuris-canonici.de/pastbon_lat.htm#0402 art. 121] Constitutionis Apostolicae ''Pastor Bonus'', {{AAS|1988|841}}; {{CIC83|1445}} (antea {{CIC17|1602|–1605||1917}})</ref> Signatura Apostolica regitur lege propria (LP).<ref>[http://w2.vatican.va/content/benedict-xvi/la/apost_letters/documents/hf_ben-xvi_apl_20080621_antiqua-ordinatione.html#Lex_propria_Supremi_Tribunalis_Signaturae_Apostolicae Lex propria Supremi Tribunalis Signaturae Apostolicae], {{AAS|2008|513}}</ref> Ab anno 1967 in Palatio Cancellariae in [[Roma]] sedem habet.
* ''querelas nullitatis et petitiones restitutionis in integrum contra sententias Rotæ Romanæ'';
* ''recursus, in causis de statu personarum, adversus denegatum a Rota Romana novum causæ examen'';
* ''exceptiones suspicionis aliasque causas contra Iudices Rotæ Romanæ propter acta in exercitio ipsorum muneris;''
* ''conflictus competentiæ inter tribunalia, quæ non subiciuntur eidem tribunali appellationis.''
* ''Præterea cognoscit de recursibus, intra terminum peremptorium triginta dierum utilium interpositis, adversus actus administrativos singulares sive a Dicasteriis Curiæ Romanæ latos sive ab ipsis probatos, quoties contendatur num actus impugnatus legem aliquam in decernendo vel in procedendo violaverit. In his casibus, præter iudicium de illegitimitate, cognoscere etiam potest, si recurrens id postulet, de reparatione damnorum actu illegitimo illatorum.''
* ''Cognoscit etiam de aliis controversiis administrativis, quæ a Romano Pontifice vel a Romanæ Curiæ Dicasteriis ipsi deferantur necnon de conflictibus competentiæ inter eadem Dicasteria.''
* ''rectæ administrationi iustitiæ invigilare et in advocatos vel procuratores, si opus sit, animadvertere;''
* ''videre de petitionibus Sedi Apostolicæ porrectis ad obtinendam causæ commissionem apud Rotam Romanam, vel aliam gratiam relative ad iustitiam administrandam;''
* '' tribunalium inferiorum competentiam prorogare;''
* ''approbationem Tribunalis quoad appellationem Sanctæ Sedi reservatam concedere necnon promovere et approbare erectionem tribunalium interdiœcesanorum.''
 
== Historia ==
Actualis Praefectus est [[Dominicus Mamberti]] antea erat Em.mus [[Raimundus Leo S.R.E. Card. Burke]].
Origo Signaturae Apostolicae est in saeculo XV. Nomen derivat ab signatura, qua praefectus vel referendarius supplicationem permisit (''"concessum"'').<ref>[https://www.phil.uni-passau.de/fileadmin/dokumente/fakultaeten/phil/lehrstuehle/frenz/online-tutorien/PCA/via9s.html uni-passau.de: Practica cancellariae apostolicae] (ab annis 1431/1458)</ref> Mox erant duae Signaturae: ''Signatura gratiae'' et ''Signatura iustitiae'',<ref>[https://www.phil.uni-passau.de/fileadmin/dokumente/fakultaeten/phil/lehrstuehle/frenz/online-tutorien/PCA/via13s.html uni-passau.de: Practica cancellariae apostolicae] (ab anno 1492)</ref> convenientes in [[Raphael Sanctius Urbinas|Raphaelis]] ''Stantiam Signaturae''.<ref>[[Musea Vaticana]]: [http://www.museivaticani.va/content/museivaticani-mobile/it/collezioni/musei/stanze-di-raffaello/stanza-della-segnatura/stanza-della-segnatura.html Stanza della Segnatura]</ref> Signatura iustitiae fuit etiam supremum tribunal civile.<ref>Regolamento legislativo e giudiziario per gli affari civili (10 Novembris 1834), [https://books.google.it/books?id=6cAYAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA90 §§ 274], [https://books.google.it/books?id=6cAYAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA104 335], [https://books.google.it/books?id=6cAYAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA112 384]</ref> In Anno 1908 [[Pius X|Pii X]] [[Constitutio Apostolica|Constitutio]] ''Sapienti consilio'', antiquam ordinationem tribunalium Signaturae papalis gratiae et iustitiae supprimens, novam Signaturam Apostolicam creavit.<ref>{{AAS|1909|15}}</ref>
 
== Competentiae ==
 
In processu iudiciali Signatura Apostolica cognoscit:
# ''querelas nullitatis''<ref>cf. {{CIC83|1619|&#32;seqq.}}; {{CCEO|1302|&#32;seqq.}}</ref> contra decisiones definitivas vel vim sententiae definitivae habentes [[Rota Romana|Rotae Romanae]] (artt. 51–54 LP);
# petitiones ''restitutionis in integrum''<ref>cf. {{CIC83|1645|&#32;seqq.}}; {{CCEO|1326|&#32;seqq.}}</ref> contra decisiones Rotae Romanae (artt. 55–57 LP);
# recursus, in causis de statu personarum, adversus denegatum a Rota Romana ''novum causae examen''<ref>cf. {{CIC83|1644}}; {{CCEO|1325}}</ref> (artt. 58–61 LP);
# exceptiones suspicionis<ref>cf. {{CIC83|1448||+|-}}, {{CIC83|1624||-}}; {{CCEO|1106||+|-}}, {{CCEO|1305||-}}</ref> (artt. 62–65 LP) aliasque causas (artt. 66–69 LP) ''contra Iudices'' Rotae Romanae propter acta in exercitio ipsorum muneris;
# ''conflictus competentiae''<ref>cf. {{CIC|1416}}</ref> inter tribunalia, quae non subiciuntur eidem tribunali appellationis, nisi aliud iure provisum sit (artt. 70–72 LP).
 
In processu contentioso administrativo Signatura Apostolica cognoscit:
# de recursibus adversus ''actus administrativos singulares'' (artt. 73–94 LP);
# de actus administrativi ''exsecutionis suspensione'' (artt. 95–100 LP);
# de ''[[Reparatio damni|reparatione damnorum]]'' (artt. 101–103 LP);
# de ''aliis controversiis administrativis'' (art. 104 LP);
# de ''conflictibus competentiae'' inter dicasteria (art. 105 LP).
 
Signaturae Apostolicae quoque est rectae administrationi iustitiae invigilare; itaque est occupata in:
# ''sanctionibus disciplinaribus'' (art. 113 LP);
# ''recursibus hierarchicis'', qui ad rectam administrationem iustitiae pertinent (art. 114 LP);
# ''commissionibus aliisque rescriptis'' (artt. 115–117 LP)<br />– ''prorogatione competentiae'' tribunalium inferiorum<br />– approbatione ''tribunalium interdioecesanorum vel appellationis'';<ref>cf. STSA: Alcuni decreti riguardanti i tribunali interdiocesani, [http://www.iusecclesiae.it/sites/default/files/IE%2012_001.pdf#page=172 Ius Ecclesiae 24 (2012) 183]</ref>
# ''nullitatis matrimonii'' declaratione in casibus, qui accuratiorem disquisitionem vel investigationem non exigant<ref>[https://www.codex-iuris-canonici.de/dc_lat.htm#_ftnref14 art. 5, § 2] Instructionis ''Dignitas connubii''</ref> (art. 118 LP);
# decretis exsecutivitatis in ordine ad ''effectus civiles'' obtinendos (artt. 119–121 LP).
 
=== Sigla protocolli ===
* CA: Contentiosus Administrativus
* CC: Conflictus Competentiae
* CG: Contentiosus Iudicialis (Italiane «Contenzioso Giudiziario»)
* CP: Commissiones Pontificiae
* EC: Effectus Civiles
* ES: Examen Sententiarum
* SAT: Status et Activitas Tribunalium
* VAR: Variae
* VT: Vigilantia Tribunalium
Exemplum: ''Prot. N. 51354/16 CA''
 
== Compositio ==
Apud Signaturam Apostolicam agunt:
* Praefectus (art. 5 LP)
* Secretarius (art. 6 LP)
* Promotor iustitiae, duo Substituti (art. 7 LP)
* Defensor vinculi (art. 8 LP)
* Praepositus Cancellariae (art. 11 LP)
* Congressus, cui Praefectus praeest (art. 22 LP)
* Collegia quinque vel trium Iudicum (art. 21 LP)
* Signatura Plena (art. 1, § 3 LP).
 
== Praefecti ab anno 1908 ==
# Vincentius Vannutelli (1908–1914)
# Michael Lega (1914–1920)
# Augustus Silj (1920–1926)
# Franciscus Ragonesi (1926–1931)
# Bonaventura Cerretti (1931–1933)
# Henricus Gasparri (1933–1946)
# Maximus Massimi (1946–1954)
# Iosephus Bruno (1954)
# Caietanus Cicognani, propraefectus (1954–1959)
# Franciscus Roberti (1959–1969)
# Dinus Staffa (1969–1977)
# Pericles Felici (1977–1982)
# Aurelius Sabattani (1983–1988)
# [[Achilles Silvestrini]] (1988–1991)
# [[Gilbertus Agustoni]] (1992–1998)
# [[Zenon Grocholewski]] (1998–1999)
# Marius Franciscus Pompedda (1999–2004)
# [[Augustinus Vallini]] (2004–2008)
# [[Raimundus Leo Burke]] (2008–2014)
# [[Dominicus Mamberti]] (ab anno 2014)
 
== Nonnullae decisiones 1910–1924 ==
divulgatae in [[Acta Apostolicae Sedis]]:
{| class="wikitable"
! Anno !! [[Acta Apostolicae Sedis|AAS]] pp.
|-
| 1910 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-02-1910-ocr.pdf#page=431 431], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-02-1910-ocr.pdf#page=699 699], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-02-1910-ocr.pdf#page=733 733]
|-
| 1911 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-03-1911-ocr.pdf#page=79 79], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-03-1911-ocr.pdf#page=82 82], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-03-1911-ocr.pdf#page=83 83], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-03-1911-ocr.pdf#page=110 110],<br />[http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-03-1911-ocr.pdf#page=335 335], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-03-1911-ocr.pdf#page=353 353], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-03-1911-ocr.pdf#page=356 356], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-03-1911-ocr.pdf#page=467 467]
|-
| 1912 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-04-1912-ocr.pdf#page=288 288], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-04-1912-ocr.pdf#page=350 350], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-04-1912-ocr.pdf#page=570 570]
|-
| 1913 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-05-1913-ocr.pdf#page=138 138], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-05-1913-ocr.pdf#page=355 355], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-05-1913-ocr.pdf#page=379 379], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-05-1913-ocr.pdf#page=531 531]
|-
| 1914 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-06-1914-ocr.pdf#page=19 19], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-06-1914-ocr.pdf#page=68 68], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-06-1914-ocr.pdf#page=165 165], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-06-1914-ocr.pdf#page=295 295],<br />[http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-06-1914-ocr.pdf#page=400 400], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-06-1914-ocr.pdf#page=414 414]
|-
| 1915 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-07-1915-ocr.pdf#page=355 355]
|-
| 1916 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-08-1916-ocr.pdf#page=206 206], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-08-1916-ocr.pdf#page=287 287], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-08-1916-ocr.pdf#page=375 375]
|-
| 1917 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-09-I-1917-ocr.pdf#page=291 291], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-09-I-1917-ocr.pdf#page=517 517]
|-
| 1918 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-10-1918-ocr.pdf#page=39 39], [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-10-1918-ocr.pdf#page=391 391]
|-
| 1919 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-11-1919-ocr.pdf#page=295 295]
|-
| 1920 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-12-1920-ocr.pdf#page=252 252]
|-
| 1921 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-13-1921-ocr.pdf#page=269 269]
|-
| 1922 || —
|-
| 1923 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-15-1923-ocr.pdf#page=180 180]
|-
| 1924 || [http://www.vatican.va/archive/aas/documents/AAS-16-1924-ocr.pdf#page=105 105]
|}
 
== Nexus externi ==
* [http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/tribunals/apost_signat/documents/rc_trib_apsig_doc_20000526_profilo_itindex_it.htmlhtm Pagina officialis]
* ''Conspectus decisionum quae a Supremo Signaturae Apostolicae Tribunali in ambitu''
* [http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/apost_constitutions/documents/hf_jp-ii_apc_19880628_pastor-bonus-index_lt.html Constitutio apostolica Pastor Bonus]
** ''[http://www.monsmontini.it/pdf2018/44%29%20Conspectus%20decisionum%20CG.pdf iudiciali ab anno 1968 ad annum 2013 latae atque publici iuris factae sunt]''
** ''[http://www.monsmontini.it/pdf2018/43%29%20Conspectus%20decisionum%20CA.pdf contentioso administrativo ab anno 1968 ad annum 2016 latae atque publici iuris factae sunt]''
*** vide etiam: [https://www.iuscangreg.it/stsa_contadmin.php?lang=EN Jurisprudence of the Apostolic Signatura in contentious-administrative cases]
** ''[http://www.monsmontini.it/pdf2018/45%29%20Conspectus%20decisionum%20VT.pdf rectae administrationi iustitiae invigilandi ab anno 1968 ad annum 2016 latae atque publici iuris factae sunt]''
 
== Fontes ==
{{reli-stipula}}
<references />
 
[[Categoria:Curia Romana]]
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