[[Fasciculus:Baron George Calvert by John Alfred Vinter.jpg|thumb|Georgius Calvert ab [[Ioannes Alfredus Vinter|Ioanne Alfredo Vinter]] pictus]]
'''George Calvert, primus baro Baltimore''' (natus anno [], mortuus die [[15 Aprilis]] [])
was an English politician and [[Possessiones transmarinae Anglicae|coloniser]]. He achieved domestic political success as a member of parliament and later Secretary of State under [[Iacobus I (rex Angliae)|King James I]]. He lost much of his political power after his support for a failed marriage alliance between [[Carolus I (rex Angliae)|Prince Charles]] and the Spanish [[Domus Habsburgensis|House of Habsburg]] royal family. Rather than continue in politics, he resigned all of his political offices in 1625 except for his position on the Privy Council and declared his Catholicism publicly. He was created Baron Baltimore in the Irish peerage upon his resignation. Baltimore Manor was located in [[Comitatus Longofordiensis|County Longford]], Ireland.
Calvert took an interest in the [[Colonizatio Americae Britannica|British colonisation of the Americas]], at first for commercial reasons and later to create a refuge for persecuted English Catholics. He became the proprietor of Avalon, the first sustained English settlement on the southeastern peninsula on the island of [[Terra Nova|Newfoundland]] (off the eastern coast of modern Canada). Discouraged by its cold and sometimes inhospitable climate and the sufferings of the settlers, he looked for a more suitable spot further south and sought a new royal charter to settle the region, which would become the state of [[Terra Mariae|Maryland]]. Calvert died five weeks before the new Charter was sealed, leaving the settlement of the Maryland colony to his son Cecil (1605–1675). His second son Leonard Calvert (1606–1647) was the first colonial governor of the Province of Maryland.-->