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{{Videdis|Niger (discretiva)}}
|image_caption[[Fasciculus:Niger =river at Koulikoro.jpg|thumb|Niger apud [[Koulikoro]] [[Malium|Malii]].]]
{{Capsa geographica
|map_caption =[[Fasciculus:Niger river map.PNG|thumb|Tabula Fluminis Niger et hydrologica fluminis pelvis ([[color]]e [[viridis|viride]])]]
<!-- *** Heading *** -->
 
|name = '''Niger'''
|native_name = Joliba, Orimiri, Isa Ber, Oya, gher n gheren
|other_name =
|category =
<!-- *** Names **** -->
|etymology = Ignota. Probabiliter ex [[lingua Berber|Berber]] ''gher'' 'flumen'
|nickname =
<!-- *** Image *** -->
|image = Niger river at Koulikoro.jpg
|image_caption = Niger apud [[Koulikoro]] [[Malium|Malii]].
<!-- *** Country *** -->
|country_flag = 1
|country = Guinea
|country1 = Malium
|country2 = Niger
|country3 = Beninum
|country4 = Nigeria
|country5 =
|country6 =
|country7 =
|country8 =
|country9 =
|country10 =
|state =
|region =
|district =
|municipality =
<!-- *** Family *** -->
|parent =
|tributary_left = Sokoto Flumen
|tributary_left1 = Kaduna Flumen
|tributary_left2 = Benue Flumen
|tributary_right = Bani Flumen
|city = Tembakounda
|city1 = Bamako
|city2 = Tombutum
|city3 = Niamey
|city4 = Lokoja
|city5 = Onitsha
|landmark =
<!-- *** River locations *** -->
|source =
|source_location = | source_region = | source_country = Guinea
|source_elevation =
|source_lat_d = | source_lat_m = | source_lat_s = | source_lat_NS =
|source_long_d = | source_long_m = | source_long_s = | source_long_EW =
|source_confluence =
|source_confluence_location = | source_confluence_region = | source_confluence_country =
|source_confluence_elevation =
|source_confluence_lat_d = | source_confluence_lat_m = | source_confluence_lat_s = | source_confluence_lat_NS =
|source_confluence_long_d = | source_confluence_long_m = | source_confluence_long_s = | source_confluence_long_EW =
|mouth =
|mouth_location = [[Sinus Guineae]] | mouth_region = | mouth_country = Nigeria
|mouth_elevation =
|mouth_lat_d = | mouth_lat_m = | mouth_lat_s = | mouth_lat_NS =
|mouth_long_d = | mouth_long_m = | mouth_long_s = | mouth_long_EW =
<!-- *** Dimensions *** -->
|length =
|length = 4180
|width =
|depth =
|volume =
|watershed = 2117700
|discharge = 5589
|discharge_location = [[Delta Nigri]]
|discharge_note = <ref>[http://www.geol.lsu.edu/WDD/AFRICAN/Niger/niger.htm De flumine.] Accessus [[22 Octobris]] [[2010]].</ref>
|discharge_max =27600
|discharge_max_note = <ref>[http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:gF9Pb96gxA0J:www.risorseidriche.dica.unict.it/Sito_STAHY2010_web/pdf_papers/AbrateT_HubertP_SighomnouD.pdf+niger+river+peak+discharge&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us De flumine.] Accessus 2010-10-22.</ref>
|discharge_min =500
<!-- *** Free fields *** -->
|free = | free_type =
<!-- *** Maps *** -->
|map =Niger river map.PNG
|map_caption = Tabula Fluminis Niger et hydrologica fluminis pelvis ([[color]]e [[viridis|viride]])
|map_background =
|map_locator =
|map_locator_x =
|map_locator_y =
<!-- *** Website *** -->
|website =
<!-- *** Footnotes *** -->
|footnotes =
}}
'''Niger'''<ref>"[http://www.uni-mannheim.de/mateo/camenaref/hofmann/hof3/s0322a.html Niger]" et "[http://www.uni-mannheim.de/mateo/camenaref/hofmann/hof3/s0323a.html Nigir seu Niger, Nigris, et Nigres]" in {{Lexfons}}</ref><ref>"Niger fl." in tabula ''Africae Tabula Nova'' ab [[Abraham Ortelius|Abrahamo Ortelio]] facta ([[Antverpia]]e, [[1570]]).</ref> est principale [[Africa Occidentalis|Africae Occidentalis]] [[flumen]]. Circa 4180 [[chiliometrum|chiliometrorum]] extenditur per [[pelvis hydrographica|pelvem hydrographicam]] cuius [[area (geometria)|area]] 2&thinsp;117&thinsp;700 [[chiliometrum quadratum|chiliometrorum quadratorum]] est.<ref>Gleick 2000:33.</ref> Fons in [[Terrae Altae Guineae|Terris Altis Guineae]] in [[Guinea]] meridio-orientali patet, unde flumen [[crescens|crescentem]] describitur per [[Malium]], [[Niger|Nigrum]], secundum fines [[Beninum|Benini]], et tum per [[Nigeria]]m, cum per magnum [[delta fluviatilis|delta]], [[Delta Nigri]] et [[Flumina Petrolei]] appellatum, per [[Sinus Guineensis|Sinum Guineae]] in [[Oceanus Atlanticus|Oceanum Atlanticum]] defluit. Niger [[longitudo|longitudine]] est [[tres|tertium]] [[Africa]]e flumen, solum a [[Nilus|Nilo]] et [[Congo (flumen)|Congo]] (etiam Flumen Zaïre appellatum) exsuperatum. Praecipuus [[tributarius]] est [[Flumen Benue]].