Quantum redactiones paginae "Eruca sativa" differant

3 472 octeti amoti ,  3 years ago
Summarium vacuum
{{in progressu}}
{{Taxobox|regnum=[[Plantae]]|genus=''[[Eruca]]''|species='''''E. sativa'''''|binomial=''Eruca sativa''|image=Eruca sativa 1 IP0206101.jpg|unranked_divisio=[[Angiosperms]]|unranked_classis=[[Eudicots]]|unranked_ordo=[[Rosids]]|ordo=[[Brassicales]]|familia=[[Brassicaceae]]|binomial_authority=[[Philip Miller|Mill.]]}}
'''''Eruca sativa''''' (syn. ''E. vesicaria'' subsp. ''sativa'' (Miller) Thell., ''Brassica eruca'' L.) est
|image=Eruca sativa 1 IP0206101.jpg
<!--is an edible annual plant, commonly known as '''rocket salad''' or '''arugula''';<ref name="usda">USDA Plants Profile: [http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ERVES ''Eruca vesicaria'' subsp. ''sativa'']</ref> other names include '''rucola''', '''rucoli''', '''rugula''', '''colewort''', and '''roquette'''.
It is sometimes conflated with ''Diplotaxis tenuifolia'', known as perennial wall rocket, another plant of the [[Brassicaceae]] family that is used in the same manner. Eruca sativa, which is widely popular as a [[Acetaria|salad]] [[Holus|vegetable]], is a species of ''[[Eruca (genus)|Eruca]]'' native to the Mediterranean region, from [[Marocum|Morocco]] and [[Portugallia|Portugal]] in the west to Syria, [[Libanus|Lebanon]] and [[Turcia|Turkey]] in the east.<ref name="mc">Med-Checklist: [http://ww2.bgbm.org/mcl/PTaxonDetail.asp?NameId=23937&PTRefFk=1275 ''Eruca sativa''.]</ref><ref name="blamey">Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). </ref> The Latin adjective ''sativa'' in the plant's [[Binomen|binomial]] is derived from ''satum'', the supine of the verb ''sero'', meaning "to sow", indicating that the seeds of the plant were sown in gardens. ''Eruca sativa'' differs from ''E. vesicaria'' in having early deciduous [[Sepalum|sepals]]. Some botanists consider it a [[subspecies]] of ''Eruca vesicaria'': ''E. vesicaria'' subsp. ''sativa''.<ref name="fnwe">Flora of NW Europe: [http://ip30.eti.uva.nl/BIS/flora.php?selected=beschrijving&menuentry=soorten&id=2395 ''Eruca vesicaria'']</ref> Still others do not differentiate between the two.<ref name="fe">{{cite web|url=http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/cgi-bin/nph-readbtree.pl/feout?FAMILY_XREF=&GENUS_XREF=Eruca&SPECIES_XREF=&TAXON_NAME_XREF=&RANK=|title=Flora Europaea Search Results|work=rbge.org.uk}}</ref>
Other common names include '''garden rocket''', or more simply '''rocket''' (British, Australian, South African, Irish and New Zealand English), and '''eruca'''. The English common name, ''rocket'', derives from the French ''roquette'', a diminutive of the Latin word ''eruca'', which designated an unspecified plant in the Brassicaceae family (probably a type of [[Brassica|cabbage]]).<ref name="oed">''[//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxford_English_Dictionary Oxford English Dictionary]''</ref> '''Arugula''', the common name now widespread in the United States and Canada, entered American English from non-standard (dialect) Italian. (The standard Italian word is ''rucola'', a diminutive of the Latin "eruca"). The ''Oxford English Dictionary'' dates the first appearance of "arugula" in American English to a 1960 ''[[The New York Times|New York Times]]'' article by food editor and prolific cookbook writer Craig Claiborne.<ref>{{Cite news|first=Craig|last=Claiborne|url=http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=9C06E3D9153DE333A25757C2A9639C946191D6CF|title=A Green by Any Name: Pungent Ingredient Is Cause of Confusion for City Shopper; Arugula – or Rocket – Is the Secret of Experts' Salads|work=[[The New York Times]]|date=May 24, 1960|page=33}}</ref>
''Eruca sativa'' grows 20–100 centimetres (8–39{{convert|20|–|100|cm|in|0}} in height. The [[Folium|leaves]] are deeply pinnately lobed with four to ten small lateral lobes and a large terminal lobe. The [[Flos|flowers]] are 2–4{{convert|2|–|4|cm|in|1|abbr=on}} in diameter, arranged in a corymb in typical [[Brassicaceae]] fashion; with creamy white petals veined with purple, and with yellow stamens; the sepals are shed soon after the flower opens. The [[Fructus|fruit]] is a siliqua (pod) 12–35 millimetres (0.5–1.4{{convert|12|–|35|mm|in|1}} long with an apical beak, and containing several [[Semen|seeds]] (which are edible). The species has a [[Chromosoma|chromosome]] number of 2''n'' = 22.<ref name="rhs">Huxley, A., ed. (1992). </ref>
|species='''''E. sativa'''''
|binomial=''Eruca sativa''
|binomial_authority=[[Philippus Miller|Mill.]]
'''''Eruca sativa''''' (syn. ''E. vesicaria'' subsp. ''sativa'' (Miller) Thell., ''Brassica eruca'' L.) est species herbae annuae esculentaeque generis ''[[Eruca]]e'' et familiae [[Brassicaceae|Brassicacearum]]. Folia eius saepe in [[acetaria|acetariis]] adhibuntur. Aliquando cum ''[[Diplotaxis tenuifolia|Diplotaxe tenuifolia]]'', vulgo "eruca silvestris" appellata et similiter in culina adhibita, confunditur.
== Notae ==
25 227