Quantum redactiones paginae "Organismus" differant

893 octeti amoti ,  3 years ago
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==Vira==
Vira, ad [[reproductio]]nem [[metabolismus|metabolismumque]] inhabilia, organismi usitate non habentur; ut organismi. Hochoc autem iudicium est controversum, quia alii [[parasitus|parasiti]] [[endosymbion]]tesque etiam sunt inhabilia ad vitam liberam. Quamquam viris sunt nonnulla [[enzyma]]ta [[molecula]]eque in organismis vivis consuetae, extra [[cellula (biologia)|cellulam]] hospitis non possunt reproducere, et earum rationes metabolicae hospitem et eius "machinas geneticas" requirunt, sicut [[organella]] in hospitibus eukaryoticis et congeriem enzymatum utilum (quae vira ipsa facere non possent) in hospitibus prokaryoticis. Cum vira nullum [[metabolismus|metabolismum]] liberum sustinent, et ergo non usitate aestimantur organismos, habent suorum [[genus|generum]], et [[evolutio|evolvuntur]] eisdem modis quibus organismi veri evolvuntur.
 
==Evolutio==
In [[biologia]], doctrina [[universus descensus communis|universi descensus communis]] proponit omnes [[tellus (planeta)|terrae]] organismos de commune auctore generis vel proavita [[genum|genorum]] congerie ([[Anglice]]: ''gene pool'') descendisse. Indicia descensus communis inveniuntur in notis quas omnes organismi viventes habent. Tempore [[Carolus Darwin|Caroli Darwin]], indicia notarum communium solum ex observatione similitudinum morphologicarum ante oculos deducta sunt, sicut inventum omnes aves habere alas, etiam aves quae volare non solent. <!--
 
Today, there is debate over whether or not all organisms descended from a common ancestor, or a "[[last universal ancestor]]," also called the "last universal common ancestor." The universality of [[genetic coding]] suggests common ancestry. For example, every living cell makes use of nucleic acids as its genetic material, and uses the same twenty amino acids as the building blocks for proteins, though exceptions to the basic twenty amino acids have been found; however, throughout history, groupings based on appearance or function of species have sometimes been [[polyphyletic]] because of [[convergent evolution]].-->
 
{{NexInt}}
*[[Proteinum]]
*[[Vermis marinus]]
*[[Voltinismus]]
 
==Notae==
<div class="references-small"><references/></div>
 
==Bibliographia==
==Nexus externi==
[[Fasciculus:Fungi in Borneo.jpg|thumb|[[Boletus]] [[polyporus]] cum hospite habet coniunctionem [[parasitus|parasiticam]].]]
*[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/944790.stm BBCNews: 27 September, 2000, When slime is not so thick]<!-- "It means that some of the lowliest creatures in the plant and animal kingdoms, such as slime and amoeba, may not be as primitive as once thought"-->
**[http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=4742 SpaceRef.com, July 29, 1997: Scientists Discover Methane Ice Worms On Gulf Of Mexico Sea Floor]
**[http://www.science.psu.edu/iceworms/iceworms.html The Eberly College of Science: Methane Ice Worms discovered on Gulf of Mexico Sea Floor]
**[http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewnews.html?id=339 SpaceRef.com, May 04, 2001: Redefining "Life as We Know it"] De ''Hesiocaeca methanicola,'' sub [[glacies|glacie]] [[methana]] in alveo maris [[Sinus Mexici]] anno [[1997]] inventa.
*[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/2585235.stm BBCNews, 18 December, 2002, 'Space bugs' grown in lab] "''Bacillus simplex'' et ''Staphylococcus pasteuri'' . . . ''Engyodontium album''<!-- The strains cultured by Dr Wainwright seemed to be resistant to the effects of UV - one quality required for survival in space"-->
*[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/3003946.stm BBCNews, 19 June, 2003, Ancient organism challenges cell evolution.] "It appears that this organelle has been conserved in evolution from prokaryotes to eukaryotes, since it is present in both"
*[http://www.anselm.edu/homepage/jpitocch/genbios/bi04syllabsu03.html Interactive Syllabus for General Biology - BI 04, Saint Anselm College, Summer 2003]
*[http://www.personal.psu.edu/users/j/s/jsf165/Bio110.html Jacob Feldman: Stramenopila]
*[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Root NCBI Taxonomy entry: root]
*[http://www.anselm.edu/homepage/jpitocch/genbios/surveybi04.html Saint Anselm College: Survey of representatives of the major Kingdoms]<!-- "Number of kingdoms has not been resolved. . . . Bacteria present a problem with their diversity. . . . [[Protista]] present a problem with their diversity."-->
*[http://www.species2000.org/ Species 2000]
*[http://www.abc.net.au/science/news/enviro/EnviroRepublish_828525.htm Maximus organismus]<!--The largest organism in the world may be a fungus carpeting nearly 10 square kilometers of an Oregon forest, and may be as old as 10500 years-->
*[http://tolweb.org/tree/phylogeny.html Arbor Vitae].
*[http://www.scribd.com/doc/1016/Life-from-birth-to-death/ Quaestiones a pueris rogatae de vita et earum responsi]
 
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[[Categoria:Vita]]
[[Categoria:Biologia]]
 
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