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'''Saxum igneum''' est [[unus|unum]] ex [[tres|tribus]] praecipuis [[saxum|saxi]] generibus, quorum alia sunt saxa [[Saxum sedimentarium|sedimentaria]] et [[saxum metamorphicum|metamorphica]]. Saxum igneum ex refrigeratione et [[solidum|solidificatione]] [[magma]]e vel [[lava]]e gignitur, cum vel sine [[crystallizatio]]ne, vel sub [[superficies|superficie]] [[tellus|telluris]] ut saxa [[intrusio|intrusiva]] ([[plutonicus|plutonica]]) vel in superficie ut saxa [[extrusio|extrusiva]] ([[saxum vulcanicum|vulcanica]]). Haec magma ex [[liquefactio]]ne aliqua ex parte saxorum exstantium in [[amiculum (geology)|amiculo]] vel [[crusta (geologia)|crusta]] [[planeta]]e deduci potest. Liquefactio ab uno vel pluribus ex tribus rationibus plerumque efficitur: ex [[temperatura]] amplificata, [[pressura]] imminuta, vel mutatione compositionis. [[Petrologia|Petrologi]] plus quam 700 genera saxorum igneorum descripserunt, quorum plurima sub [[superficies|superficie]] crustae [[tellus|telluris]] genita sunt. Eis sunt proprietates variae, quae ab eorum compositione et modus generationis dependent.
 
== Significatio geologica ==
Saxa ignea et metamorphica [[volumen|volumine]] sunt 90–95 centesimae superioris sedecim [[chiliometrum|chiliometrorum]] crusta Telluris.<ref>{{cite book|last=Prothero|first=Donald R.|first2=Fred |last2=Schwab |title=Sedimentary geology: an introduction to sedimentary rocks and stratigraphy|year=[[2004]]|publisher=Freeman|location=Novi Eboraci|isbn=978-0-7167-3905-0|edition=2a |page=12}}.</ref><!--PLUS IN EN:-->
 
== Vide etiam ==
* [[Index mineralium]]
* [[Index generum saxorum]]
& [[Large igneous province]]-->
 
== Notae ==
<div class="references-small"><references/></div>
 
== Bibliographica ==
* Le Maitre, R. W., ed. [[2002]]. ''Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms, Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences, Subcommission of the Systematics of Igneous Rocks.'' Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-66215-X.
 
== Nexus externi ==
{{CommuniaCat|Igneous rockrocks|saxum igneum}}
{{Wiktionary|igneous}}
* [http://geology.cnsm.ad.csulb.edu/people/bperry/IgneousRocksTour/IntroToIgneousRocks.html Circuitus Saxorum Igneorum<!--an introduction to Igneous Rocks-->,] apud geology.cnsm.ad.csulb.edu
* [http://www.geol.lsu.edu/henry/Geology3041/lectures/02IgneousClassify/IUGS-IgneousClassFlowChart.htm Classificatio fluxus saxorum igneorum,] apud www.geol.lsu.edu
* [http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/LivingWith/VolcanicPast/Notes/igneous_rocks.html Saxa ignea,] apud vulcan.wr.usgs.gov
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Igneous Rock}}
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