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[[Fasciculus:Neuron (deutsch)-1.svg|thumb|Imago neuri]]
 
'''Neuron'''<ref name="Arnaudov">Arnaudov, G.D. (1964). ''Terminologia medica polyglotta. Latinum-Bulgarski-Russkij-English-Français-Deutsch.'' Sofia: Editio medicina et physcultura.</ref><ref name="NH3">International Anatomical Nomenclature Committee (1989). ''Nomina Histologica.'' Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.</ref><ref name="TH">Federative International Committee on Anatomical Terminology (FICAT) (2005). ''Terminologia Histologica. International terms for human cytology and histology.'' Philadelphia/Baltimore/New York/London/Buenos Aires/Hong Kong/Sydney/Tokyo: Wolter Kluwers-Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.</ref> (-i, ''n.'',<ref name="Arnaudov"/> pl. ''neura'' ,<ref> [[http://machaut.uchicago.edu/?resource=Webster%27s&word=neuron&use1913=on Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)]]</ref> pl. ''neuria'' <ref name="NH3"/>; -onis, ''n.''<ref name="TH"/>Federative) Internationalsive Committee'''neuronum'''<ref onname="Arnaudov"/><ref name="NH1">International Anatomical TerminologyNomenclature (FICAT)Committee (20051977). ''TerminologiaNomina Histologica.'' Amsterdam-Oxford: Excerpta Medica.</ref><ref name="NH2">International termsAnatomical forNomenclature humanCommittee cytology(1983). and''Nomina histologyHistologica.'' Philadelphia/Baltimore/New York/London/Buenos: AiresWilliams & Wilkins</Hongref><ref Kongname="NHV1994">International Committee on Veterinary Histological Nomenclature (1994). ''Nomina Histologica.'' Zürich/SydneyIthaca/Tokyo:New WolterYork.</ref> Kluwers(-Lippincotti, Williams''n.'' &<ref Wilkins.name="Arnaudov"/><ref name="NH2"/><ref name="NHV1994"/>) seu '''neuronumneurocytus'''<ref name="ArnaudovNH1"/><ref name="NH2"/><ref name="NHV1994"/> (-i, ''nm.'' <ref name="ArnaudovNH1"/>) (e [[Lingua Graeca|Graeco]] {{Polytonic|νεῦρον}} 'nervus') est excitabilis [[systema nervorum|systematis nervorum]] [[cellula]] [[animal]]ium superiorum. Propter membrana ad stimulos sentiendos apta, neura quam optima sunt communicatu: et [[sensus]] externos recipiunt et [[impulsus nervosus|impulsus nervosos]] inter se ipsas aut alias cellulas ducunt.
 
Partes tres habent: [[Soma (Neuron)|soma]], vel corpus neuri, ubi situs est nucleus, Nissli corpusculi, et alia organula; [[Dendrita|dendritae]], quae sunt elongationes breves e somate quasi nexus adhibiti cum ceteris neuris, et [[axon]], pars longissima neuri. E neuris compositi sunt [[nervus|nervi]], quamobrem particulas primas esse dicuntur [[medulla spinalis|medullae spinalis]] et [[cerebrum|cerebri]]. Cerebrum humanum circiter 86 [[Milliardum|milliarda]] neurorum habet.
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