Quantum redactiones paginae "Asteroidea" differant

2 630 octeti additi ,  6 years ago
Summarium vacuum
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[[Fasciculus:Starfish closeup.jpg|thumb|125px|left|[[Cutis]] stellae marinae.]]
 
'''Asteroidea''', vulgo aliquando '''stellae marinae''',<ref>[[Georgius Everardus Rumphius|Georgius Everhardus Rumphius]], ''D'Amboinsche Rariteitkamer, behelzende eene beschryvinge van allerhande zoo weeke als harde schaalvisschen, te weeten raare krabben, krefften, en diergelyke zeedieren, als mede allerhande hoorntjes en schulpen, die men in d'Amboinsche Zee vindt: daar benevens zommige mineraalen, gesteenten, en soorten van aarde, die in d'Amboinsche en zommige omleggende Eilanden gevonden worden,'' ed. 2a (Amstelodami: Jan Roman de Jonge, 1741), prima editio, 1705. Vide [http://www.amazon.com/Antique-Print-ASTEROIDEA-STARFISH-SEA-STAR-Rumphius-Maria-Sybilla-Merian-1741/dp/B00DL0GYP6 Plate XV: Stella Marina, Zeesterren (Asteroidea, Starfish, Sea Star species).]</ref><ref>"''Chapter 34. Of the Stella Marina. Bintang Laut.'' 1. I translated Rumphius' Latin name as 'Sea Stars,' a locution once just as common as 'Starfish' is now. . . . In Malay it means the same thing: ''bintang'' = star, and ''laut'' = sea." Georgius Everhardus Rumphius, ''The Ambonese Curiosity Cabinet,'' liber in Anglicum conversus, editus, adnotatus ab E. M. Beekman (Portu Novi: Yale University Press, 1999), p. 412.</ref><ref>"The first reference Weber could find to the starfish was made by Rumphius in 1705, who referred to it as ''Stella marina quindecium'' [sic] ''radiorum''"---Jan Sapp, ''What Is Natural? Coral Reef Crisis'' (Oxford University Press, 1999), p. 219.</ref> sunt [[animalia]] [[marina]] [[subphylum|subphyli]] [[Asterozoa|Asterozoorum]] [[phylum|phyli]] [[Echinodermata|Echindermatorum]].<ref>Rich Mooi, [http://research.calacademy.org/research/izg/echinoderm/classify.htm "Classification of the Extant Echinodermata."] California Academy of Sciences.</ref> Asteroidea aspectu [[stella]]e similia sunt, itaque his duobus nominibus appellantur. Sunt circa 1800 [[species (taxinomia)|species]] [[vita|vivae]], quae in omnibus orbis terrarum [[oceanus|oceanis]] inveniuntur, inter quos oceani [[Oceanus Atlanticus|Atlanticus]], [[Oceanus Pacificus|Pacificus]], [[Oceanus Indicus|Indicus]], et regiones oceanorum [[Oceanus Arcticus|Arctici]] et [[Oceanus Australis|Australis]] (h.e., ante [[Antarctica]]m). Asteroidea fiunt trans latam profunditatis varietatem, a zona inter [[aestus]]<!--tidal zone--> ad [[zona abyssalis|zonam abyssalem]]{{dubsig}} (plus 6000 m).
 
==Descriptio==
Asteroidea aspectu [[stella]]e similia sunt, itaque his duobus nominibus appellantur. Sunt circa 1800 [[species (taxinomia)|species]] [[vita|vivae]], quae in omnibus orbis terrarum [[oceanus|oceanis]] inveniuntur, inter quos oceani [[Oceanus Atlanticus|Atlanticus]], [[Oceanus Pacificus|Pacificus]], [[Oceanus Indicus|Indicus]], et regiones oceanorum [[Oceanus Arcticus|Arctici]] et [[Oceanus Australis|Australis]] (h.e., ante [[Antarctica]]m). Asteroidea fiunt trans latam profunditatis varietatem, a zona inter [[aestus]]<!--tidal zone--> ad [[zona abyssalis|zonam abyssalem]]{{dubsig}} (plus 6000 m).
 
Asteroidea sunt inter familiarissima [[animal]]ium [[mare|marinorum]], quibus sunt aliquae proprietates late notae, inter quas [[regeneratio]] atque [[Mytilidae]] comesae. Eis sunt permultae [[corpus (physica)|corporis]] formae et rationes edendi. Gradus quo Asteroidea se regenerare possunt [[species (taxinomia)|specie]] variatur. Sensu lato, asteroidea commoditatis gratia [[victus|vescuntur]],<!--are opportunistic feeders--> et nonnullis speciebus sunt peculiares vescendi mores, inter quos [[pascendum suspendendi]]{{dubsig}} ([[Anglice]] ''suspension feeding'') et [[praedator|praedatio]] praedae propriae.
Asteroidea nonnullas personas graves in [[oecologia]] et [[biologia]] agunt. ''[[Pisaster ochraceus]]'' et species similes ut exemplum notionis [[species clavis]] in oecologia late cognitae sunt. ''[[Acanthaster planci]]'' [[zona tropica|tropicus]] est edax [[curalium|curalii]] [[praedator]] per regionem [[Regio Indo-Pacifica|Indo-Pacificam]]. Alia asteroidea, sicut [[genus (taxinomia)|genera]] [[Asterinidae|Asterinidarum]], saepe in biologia [[evolutio|evolutionis]]<!--developmental biology--> adhibentur.
[[Fasciculus:Eleven-Armed Sea Star.jpg|thumb|''[[Coscinasterias calamaria]]'']]
 
==Classificatio==
* Infraclassis [[Concentricycloidea]]
** ordo [[Peripodida]]
*** familia [[Xyloplacidae]] <small>Baker, Rowe & Clark, 1986</small>
* Super-ordo [[Forcipulatacea]]
** ordo [[Brisingida]]
*** familia [[Brisingidae]] <small>G.O. Sars, 1875</small>
*** familia [[Freyellidae]] <small>Downey, 1986</small>
** ordo [[Forcipulatida]]
*** familia [[Asteriidae]] <small>Gray, 1840</small>
*** familia [[Heliasteridae]] <small>Viguier, 1878</small>
*** familia [[Pedicellasteridae]] <small>Perrier, 1884</small>
*** familia [[Pycnopodiidae]] <small>Fisher, 1928</small>
*** familia [[Stichasteridae]]
*** familia [[Zoroasteridae]] <small>Sladen, 1889</small>
* Super-ordo [[Spinulosacea]]
** ordo [[Spinulosida]]
*** familia [[Echinasteridae]] <small>Verrill, 1870</small>
* Super-ordo [[Valvatacea]]
** ordo [[Notomyotida]]
*** familia [[Benthopectinidae]] <small>Verrill, 1899</small>
** ordo [[Paxillosida]]
*** familia [[Astropectinidae]] <small>Gray, 1840</small>
*** familia [[Ctenodiscidae]] <small>Sladen, 1889</small>
*** familia [[Goniopectinidae]] <small>Verrill, 1889</small>
*** familia [[Luidiidae]] <small>Sladen, 1889</small>
*** familia [[Porcellanasteridae]] <small>Sladen, 1883</small>
*** familia [[Pseudarchasteridae]]
*** familia [[Radiasteridae]] <small>Fisher, 1916</small>
** ordo [[Valvatida]]
*** familia [[Acanthasteridae]] <small>[Sladen, 1889]</small>
*** familia [[Archasteridae]] <small>Viguier, 1878</small>
*** familia [[Asterinidae]] <small>Gray, 1840</small>
*** familia [[Asterodiscididae]] <small>Rowe, 1977</small>
*** familia [[Asteropseidae]] <small>Hotchkiss & Clark, 1976</small>
*** familia [[Chaetasteridae]] <small>Sladen, 1889</small>
*** familia [[Ganeriidae]] <small>Sladen, 1889</small>
*** familia [[Goniasteridae]] <small>Forbes, 1841</small>
*** familia [[Leilasteridae]] <small>Jangoux & Aziz, 1988</small>
*** familia [[Mithrodiidae]] <small>Viguier, 1878</small>
*** familia [[Odontasteridae]] <small>Verrill, 1899</small>
*** familia [[Ophidiasteridae]] <small>Verrill, 1870</small>
*** familia [[Oreasteridae]] <small>Fisher, 1911</small>
*** familia [[Podosphaerasteridae]] <small>Fujita & Rowe, 2002</small>
*** familia [[Poraniidae]] <small>Perrier, 1875</small>
*** familia [[Solasteridae]] <small>Viguier, 1878</small>
* Ordo [[Velatida]]
** familia [[Caymanostellidae]] <small>Belyaev, 1974</small>
** familia [[Korethrasteridae]] <small>Danielssen & Koren, 1884</small>
** familia [[Myxasteridae]] <small>Perrier, 1885</small>
** familia [[Pterasteridae]] <small>Perrier, 1875</small>
 
 
==Pinacotheca==
<gallery style="text-align:center;" mode="packed">
<gallery>
Fasciculus:Starfish red komodo.jpg|Magnum asteroideum [[ruber|rubrum]] in [[Komodo National Park]] [[Indonesia]]e
Fasciculus:Starfish komodo.jpg|Asteroideum in [[Komodo National Park]] [[Indonesia]]e
Fasciculus:Crown of thorns starfishThorns-jonhanson.jpg|''[[Acanthaster planci]]'' in [[Timoria Orientalis|Timoria Orientali]]
Fasciculus:Sun flower sea star in tide pools.jpg|''[[Pycnopodia helianthoides]]'', maxima stella marina [[Orbis terrarum|orbe terrarum]], hic in [[piscina inter aestus]]<!--tide pool--> in [[California]] sita visa
Fasciculus:Starfish, Mauritius.jpg|''[[Fromia monilis]]'' [[Mauritia]]e
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