Quantum redactiones paginae "Pleurodelinae" differant

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Like all members of the order Caudata, newts are characterised by a frog-like body with four equal sized limbs and a distinct tail. Aquatic larvae have true teeth on both upper and lower jaws, and external gills.<ref>Heying, H. 2003. "Caudata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. [http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Caudata.html.] Accessed 2007-12-05</ref> They have the ability to [[Regeneration (biology)|regenerate]] [[Limb (anatomy)|limb]]s, [[eye]]s, [[spinal cord]]s, [[heart]]s, [[intestine]]s, and upper and lower [[jaw]]s. The [[cell (biology)|cell]]s at the site of the injury have the ability to de-[[Cellular differentiation|differentiate]], reproduce rapidly, and differentiate again to create a new limb or organ. One theory is that the de-differentiated cells are related to [[tumour]] cells since chemicals which produce tumours in other animals will produce additional limbs in newts.<ref>[http://www.bioscience.utah.edu/mb/mbFaculty/odelberg/odelberg.html www.bioscience.utah.edu; Odelberg, S.] Accessed 2007-01-24</ref> -->
== Taxinomia ==
Circa duae partes omnium specierum salamandridarum sunt pleurodelinae, in his generibus digestae:
* ''[[Calotriton]]''
Coniunctiones inter genera sunt incertae.<!-- but it has been suggested that they prostitute a [[clade|natural systematic unit]] and newer molecular analyses tend to support this position.<ref>Titus, T. A. & A. Larson (1995):. A molecular phylogenetic perspective on the evolutionary radiation of the salamander family Salamandridae. ''Systematic Biology'' 44, pp 125-151.</ref><ref name=Steinfartz>Steinfartz, S., S. Vicario, J. W. Arntzen, & A. Caccone (2006): A Bayesian approach on molecules and behavior: reconsidering phylogenetic and evolutionary patterns of the Salamandridae with emphasis on ''Triturus'' newts. ''Journal of Experimental Zoology'' Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution</ref><ref name=autogenerated1>Weisrock, D. W., Papenfuss, T. J., Macey, J. R., Litvinchuk, S. N., Polymeni, R., Ugurtas, I. H., Zhao, E., Jowkar, H., & A. Larson (2006): A molecular assessment of phylogenetic relationships and lineage accumulation rates within the family Salamandridae (Amphibia, Caudata). ''Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolutio'' 41, pp 368-383.</ref> -->
== Distributio ==
Tres communia genera [[Europa]]ea sunt ''[[Triturus]], [[Lissotriton]],'' et ''[[Ommatotriton]].'' Aliae species Europaeae sunt ''Plurodeles waltl,'' magna pleurodelina Europaea,<ref>[http://www.calacademy.org/science_now/archive/wild_lives/ribbed_newt.php www.calcadamemy.org; California Academy of Sciences] Accessed 2007-12-05</ref> ''[[Calotriton]], [[Euproctus]],'' et ''Mesotriton alpestris.''<ref name=Steinfartz/><ref>Carranza, S. & Amat, F. (2005) Taxonomy, biogeography and evolution of Euproctus (Amphibia: Salamandridae), with the resurrection of the genus Calotriton and the description of a new endemic species from the Iberian Peninsula Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 145 (4), 555–582.</ref>
In [[Asia Meridio-Orientalis|Asia Meridio-Orientali]] et [[Iaponia]], species usitate in commercio animalium dilectorum sunt ''[[Cynops]], [[Pachytriton]], [[Tylototriton]],'' et ''[[Paramesotriton]].'' In [[Oriens Media]] sunt ''[[Neurergus]].''<ref name=livworld>[http://www.livingunderworld.org/caudata/database/salamandridae/ livingunderworld.org; Amphibian Order:caudata ]; Accessed 2007-02-05</ref><!-- . . . -->
== Notae ==
<references />
== Nexus externi ==
* [http://www.caudata.nl Caudata.nl, Situs "Dutch Newt & Salamander"]
* [http://www.schwanzlurche.de Caudatamedia]
* [http://www.caudata.org/cc Cultura Caudatorum]
* [http://www.herpnet.net/Iowa-Herpetology/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=33&Itemid=27 ''Notophthalmus viridescens''] apud Iowa Reptile and Amphibian Field Guide
[[Categoria:Amphibia dilecta]]
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