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Summarium vacuum
'''Decalogus''' (ex [[Lingua Graeca|Graeco]] ''δεκάλογος, δέκα λόγοι'' 'decem verba') sive '''decem Praeceptapraecepta''' sunt verba [[Biblia|Bibliorum]] quae [[Religio Christiana|Christiani]] et [[Religio Iudaica|Iudaei]] pro principiis moralibus ac fundamentis fidei a Deo datis habent. Bis in [[Biblia Hebraica|Bibliis Hebraicis]] ([[Vetus Testamentum|Vetere Testamento]] invenitur: et libro [[Exodus|Exodo]] 20:1–17 et libro [[Deuteronomium|Deuteronomii]] 5:4–21.
 
== Nomen ==
Decem praecepta Hebraice in Bibliis עשרת הדברים, ''Asereth ha-D'bharîm'' et in litteris rabbinicis עשרת הדברו, ''Asereth ha-Dibroth'' appellantur. Ambae locutiones significant 'decem verba', vel 'dicta', vel 'res'.<ref>{{cite book |url= http://books.google.com/books?id=1WUzUAdWRVUC&pg=PA3&lpg=PA3&hl=en#v=onepage&q&f=false|title= The Ten Commandments: Ethics for the Twenty-First Century|first= Mark|last= Rooker|year= 2010|publisher= B&H Publishing Group|location= Nashville, Tennessee|page= 3|isbn= 0-8054-4716-4|accessdate= 2011-10-02|quote=The Ten Commandments are literally the "Ten Words" (ăśeret hadděbārîm) in Hebrew. The use of the term ''dābār'', "word," in this phrase distinguishes these laws from the rest of the commandments (''mişwâ''), statutes (''hōq''), and regulations (''mišpāţ'') in the Old Testament.}}</ref>
 
Graece appellantur δεκάλογος, 'decem verba'.<ref name="LSJ_Dekalogos">{{LSJ|deka/logos|δεκάλογος|ref}}</ref> In [[Septuaginta]] verba casus accusativi δέκα λόγους reperiuntur libro Exodo 34:28<ref name="ex34-28" /> et libro Deuteronomii 10:4.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://studybible.info/compare/Deuteronomy%2010:4 |title=Deuteronomy 10:4 – multiple versions and languages |publisher=Studybible.info |date= |accessdate=2012-12-09}}</ref>
 
== Enumeratio praeceptorum==
22 213

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