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'''Fricativa pharyngalis surda''' est [[phonum|pronuntiatio]] [[consonans]], quae nascitur, cum aëris meatus [[radix linguae|radice linguae]] [[pharynx|pharyngi]] admota angustatur. E [[pulmo]]nibus aëre turbulento per angustias expresso fit sonus raucus frictionis strepitui similis. In [[Alphabetum Phoneticum Internationale|alphabeto phonetico internationali]] notatur {{IPA|[ħ]}}.<ref>Zsiga (2013: 40-41)</ref>
 
Fricativa pharyngalis surda multis in linguis invenitur quasi satelles pronuntiationis. Exempli gratia in [[lingua Finnica]] [ħ] potest describi /h/ [[phonema]]tis allophonum, nam phonematum series /ahk/ et /aht/ possunt (sed non debent) [aħk] [aħt] appellari, sicut ''lahko'' 'secta', ''lahti'' 'sinus maris', ''rahka'' 'lac concretum', ''rahti'' 'vectura'. In paucis linguis /ħ/ statum phonematicum habet, sicut in linguis [[lingua Abasca|Abasca]], [[lingua Melitensis|Melitensi]], [[lingua Syriaca|Syriaca]], [[lingua Hebraica|Hebraica classica]].
 
== Nota ==
<references />
 
== Bibliographia ==
* Zsiga, Elizabeth C. (2013) ''The Sounds of Language. An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology.'' John Wiley & Sons.
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