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[[Fasciculus:Eleusinian hydria Antikensammlung Berlin 1984.46 n2.jpg|thumb|upright=1.2|Demeter, in regali solio sedens, [[Metanira]]m genibus nitentem [[manus|manu]] benedicit, quae [[triticum]] triplicem porrigit, permanens arcanorum signum ([[Pictor Varrese]], [[hydria]] [[figlina figurarum rubrarum|figurarum rubrarum]]<!--red-figure pottery--> ca. [[340 a.C.n.]], ex [[pictura vasorum Apuliana|Apulia]]).]]
 
'''Mysteria Eleusina'''<ref>"Mysteria Eleusina . . . Cereris sacrificia, quae ad Eleusin Oppidum Atticae celebrabantur." Ludovicus Vives, [http://books.google.com/books?id=7WrcxvOTYlAC ''Dialogos de Juan Luis Vives,''] a Christoval Coret y Peris Hispanice conversus, ed. 7a (Valentiae: 1780), p. 322.</ref><ref>Cf. "Misteria Eleusinae": [[Lucius Ampelius]], ''Liber memoriale'' [http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/ampelius.shtml 15.2]</ref> ([[Graece]] {{Polytonic|Ἐλευσίνια Μυστήριαμυστήρια}}), vel '''Arcanaarcana Eleusina,'''<ref>"Hinc factum est, ut ex antiquis nullo pacto eruditi potuerint eruere arcana Eleusina, & Orphica." Prosperus ab Aquila, [http://books.google.com/books?id=EjtLcFqiCQAC ''Dictionarium Theologicm Portatile''] (1769), p. 157.</ref> vel '''Sacrasacra Eleusinia,'''<ref>[[Suetonius]], ''[[De vita Caesarum]]'' "Claudius" 25; [[Aulus Gellius]], ''[[Noctes Atticae]]'' 11.6.5</ref><ref>"Eleusinis sacris" (abl. pl.): Suetonius, ''De vita Caesarum'' "Nero" 34.4; ''[[Historia Augusta]]'' "Alexander Severus" 18.2.</ref> fuerunt [[caeremonia initiationis]] quotannis pro [[cultus|cultu]] [[Demeter|Demetris]] et [[Persephone]]s habita, [[Eleusin]]i in [[Graecia antiqua]] condita. Omnium [[mysteria sacra|mysteriorum sacrorum]] [[antiquitas|antiquitate]] celebratorum, haec mysteria maximi momenti habebantur.
fuerunt [[initia (sacra)|initia]] [[Demeter|Demetris]] et [[Persephone]]s quotannis habita, [[Eleusin]]e in [[Attica]]e antiquae oppido notissimo condita. Quae sacra inter cetera caerimonia apud antiquos celebrata maximi momenti habebantur.
Eruditi agnoscunt eorum fundamenta fuisse vetus cultus [[agrarianismus|agrarianus]] qui ut videtur ex tempore [[Cultura Mycenaea|Mycenaeano]] (c. 1600–[[1100 a.C.n.]]) venit, et traditur cultus Demetris anno [[1500 a.C.n.]] institutus fuisse.<ref>Mylonas 1961:24. "Again, from legends we learn of the arrival of the Cult of Demeter at Eleusis in the fifteenth century [a.C.n.]—an event that must of course have had a profound influence on the life and activities of the site."</ref> Notio [[immortalitas|immortalitatis]] quae in [[syncretismus|syncreticis]] antiquitatis [[religio]]nibus antiquitate exeunte introducta est.<ref name=Nilsson42>[http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/gpr/ Martin Nilsson, ''The Greek popular religion: The cult of Eleusis,''] pp. 42–44.</ref> Arcana repraesentabantur [[mythologia|mythum]] abductionis Persephones ex [[manus|manibus]] [[mater|matris]] Demetris a [[Pluto (deus)|Plutone]] [[rex|rege]] [[Hades (infernus)|Hadis]],{{dubsig}} [[infernus|inferni]] Graeci, in circulo cui erant tres phases: descensus (amissio), indagatio, ascensus, quorum propositio praecipua fuit ascensus Persephones et reconciliatio cum matre. Hae fuit maiores feriae [[Hellenismus|aetate Hellenica]] celebrata, quae deinde [[Roma antiqua|Romam]] extendit.<ref>[[Sergeius Uvarov|Ouvaroff, M.]]<!-- (alternatively given as Sergei Semenovich Uvarov ~ Sergey Uvarov, 1786–1855)--> (ex Francica a J. D. Price conversus) [http://books.google.com/books?id=EFocAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover ''Essay on the Mysteries of Eleusis''] (Londinii: Rodwell and Martin, 1817). Reimpressio: Kessinger Publishing, 2004). Secundum Ouvaroff, scire tempus primorum Mysteriorum Eleusinorum multas quaestiones habere.</ref> [[Nomen proprium|Nomen]] oppidi, ''Eleusín,'' prae-Graecum videtur, et veri simile est res simillima<!--counterpart--> [[Elysium|Elysii]] et [[dea]]e [[Ilithyia]]e ([[Graece]] ''[[Eileithyia]]e'').<ref>"[[Elysion]]: The island of the happy dead (Hesiod: ''Works and days'' 166ff). [[Eileithyia]]. A Minoan goddess of childbirth and divine midwifery." F. Schachermeyer, ''Die Minoische Kultur des alten Kreta'' (Stuttgartiae: W. Kohlhammer, 1967), pp 141–142.</ref>
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