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'''Mysteria Eleusina'''<ref>"Mysteria Eleusina . . . Cereris sacrificia, quae ad Eleusin Oppidum Atticae celebrabantur." Ludovicus Vives, [http://books.google.com/books?id=7WrcxvOTYlAC ''Dialogos de Juan Luis Vives,''] a Christoval Coret y Peris Hispanice conversus, ed. 7a (Valentiae: 1780), p. 322.</ref><ref>Cf. "Misteria Eleusinae": [[Lucius Ampelius]], ''Liber memoriale'' [http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/ampelius.shtml 15.2]</ref> ([[Graece]] Ἐλευσίνια Μυστήρια), vel '''Arcana Eleusina,'''<ref>"Hinc factum est, ut ex antiquis nullo pacto eruditi potuerint eruere arcana Eleusina, & Orphica." Prosperus ab Aquila, [http://books.google.com/books?id=EjtLcFqiCQAC ''Dictionarium Theologicm Portatile''] (1769), p. 157.</ref> vel '''Sacra Eleusinia,'''<ref>[[Suetonius]], ''[[De vita Caesarum]]'' "Claudius" 25; [[Aulus Gellius]], ''[[Noctes Atticae]]'' 11.6.5</ref><ref>"Eleusinis sacris" (abl. pl.): Suetonius, ''De vita Caesarum'' "Nero" 34.4; ''[[Historia Augusta]]'' "Alexander Severus" 18.2.</ref> fuerunt [[caeremonia initiationis]] quotannis pro [[cultus|cultu]] [[Demeter|Demetris]] et [[Persephone]]s habita, [[Eleusin]]i in [[Graecia antiqua]] condita. Omnium [[mysteria sacra|mysteriorum sacrorum]] [[antiquitas|antiquitate]] celebratorum, haec mysteria maximi momenti habebantur.
Eruditi agnoscunt eorum fundamenta fuisse vetus cultus [[agrarianismus|agrarianus]] qui ut videtur ex tempore [[Cultura Mycenaea|Mycenaeano]] (c. 1600–[[1100 a.C.n.]]) venit, et traditur cultus Demetris anno [[1500 a.C.n.]] institutus fuisse.<ref>Mylonas 1961:24. "Again, from legends we learn of the arrival of the Cult of Demeter at Eleusis in the fifteenth century [a.C.n.]—an event that must of course have had a profound influence on the life and activities of the site."</ref> Notio [[immortalitas|immortalitatis]] quae in [[syncretismus|syncreticis]] antiquitatis [[religio]]nibus antiquitate exeunte introducta est.<ref name=Nilsson42>[http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/gpr/ Martin Nilsson, ''The Greek popular religion: The cult of Eleusis,''] pp. 42–44.</ref> Arcana repraesentabantur [[mythologia|mythum]] abductionis Persephones ex [[manus|manibus]] [[mater|matris]] Demetris a [[Pluto (deus)|Plutone]] [[rex|rege]] [[Hades (infernus)|Hadis]],{{dubsig}} [[infernus|inferni]] Graeci, in circulo cui erant tres phases: descensus (amissio), indagatio, ascensus, quorum propositio praecipua fuit ascensus Persephones et reconciliatio cum matre. Hae fuit maiores feriae [[Hellenismus|aetate Hellenica]] celebrata, quae deinde [[Roma antiqua|Romam]] extendit.<ref>[[SergeySergeius Uvarov|Ouvaroff, M.]]<!-- (alternatively given as Sergei Semenovich Uvarov, or~ Sergey Uvarov, 1786–1855)--> (ex Francica a J. D. Price conversus) [http://books.google.com/books?id=EFocAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover ''Essay on the Mysteries of Eleusis''] (Londinii: Rodwell and Martin, 1817). Reimpressio: Kessinger Publishing, 2004).<!-- Secundum Ouvaroff, writesscire thattempus fixingprimorum theMysteriorum earliestEleusinorum foundationmultas datequaestiones to the Eleusinian Mysteries is fraught with problemshabere.--></ref> [[Nomen proprium|Nomen]] oppidi, ''Eleusín,'' prae-Graecum videtur, et veri simile est res simillima<!--counterpart--> [[Elysium|Elysii]] et [[dea]]e [[Ilithyia]]e ([[Graece]] ''[[Eileithyia]]e'').<ref>"[[Elysion]]: The island of the happy dead (Hesiod: ''Works and days'' 166ff). [[Eileithyia]]. A Minoan goddess of childbirth and divine midwifery." F. Schachermeyer, ''Die Minoische Kultur des alten Kreta'' (Stuttgartiae: W. Kohlhammer, 1967), pp 141–142.</ref>
 
[[Ritus]], [[caerimonia]]e, [[fides]]que fuerunt res absconditae, perpetuo celatae et custoditae. Initiati credebant sese in [[vita posterior]]e<!--?afterlife--> compensationem accepturos esse.<ref>Antonia Tripolitis, ''Religions of the Hellenistic-Roman Age'' (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, November 2001), pp. 16–21.</ref> Hodie adsunt multae [[pictura]]e et fragmenta [[figlina]]e quae varios arcanorum aspectus describunt. Quia arcana imagines visas<!--visions--> et praestigias vitae posterioris comprehendebant, nonnulli eruditi hodierni putant potestatem et longaevitatem mysteriorum Eleusinorum ex [[psychedelia|rebus psychedelicis]] emanavisse.<ref name="Wasson, R 1978">[[R. Gordon Wasson|Wasson, R. Gordon]], [[Carl A. P. Ruck|Ruck, Carl]], [[Albert Hofmann|Hofmann, A.]], ''The Road to Eleusis: Unveiling the Secret of the Mysteries''. Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1978.</ref>
 
==Mythologia Demetris et Persephones==
Mysteria ad [[mythologia|mythum]] de [[Demeter|Demetre]] pertinent, [[dea]] [[agricultura]]e et [[fertilitas|fertilitatis]], ut in uno ex [[Hymni Homerici|Hymnis Homericis]] (ca. [[650 a.C.n.]]) [[narratio|narratur]]. Secundum [[hymnus|hymnum]], [[Persephone]] Demetris [[filia]] (etiam ''Kore'' 'Virgo' appellata), cum ea et amicae [[flos|flores]] conligerent, ab [[Hades (mythologia)|Hade]], [[deus|deo]] [[mors|mortis]] [[infernus Graecus|infernique Graeci]], capta est; qui eam ad suum [[regnum]] subterraneum abstulit. Demeter conturbata filiam ubique petebat. Ob suam miseriam, adque cogendum [[Zeus|Iovem]] ut sineret Persephonem redire, terribilem effecit [[siccitas|siccitatem]], quo [[homo|homines]] dolore adfecti fameque confecti sunt; quo deos sacrificiis et veneratione privaret. Evenit ut Zeus molliens Persephonem sivit ad matrem redire.<ref>Helene P. Foley, ''The Homeric "Hymn to Demeter" (Princetoniae: Princeton University Press, 1994). Etiam Steck Vaughn, ''Demeter and Persephone'' (Steck Vaughn Publishing, June 1994).</ref> <!--PLUS IN EN:-->
 
Ex mytho, Demeter indagans procul errat, cum multa patret incepta minora. Verum aliquando tamen [[Triptolemus|Triptolemum]] arcanis [[agricultura]]e docet.<ref>William Smith, ''A New Classical Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography, Mythology and Geography,'' vol. 2 (Kessinger Publishing, 2006).</ref> Ad extremum, Iove consulto, Demeter filiam sibi coniungit, ac [[tellus]] in priorem viriditatem prosperitatemque primo [[autumnus|autumno]] restituitur. <!--PLUS IN EN:-->
 
==Vide etiam==
==Bibliographia==
*Apud Clementem Alexandrinum, ''Exhortation to the Greeks'' (Meyer 1999:18).
* [[Apollodorus grammaticus|Apollodorus]]<!--vel Pseudo-Apollodurus?-->. ''[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Apollod.+1.1.1 Apollodorus: The Library]'', Sir James George Frazer (translator). Two volumes. [[Loeb Classical Library]]. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press and London: William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. Vol. 1: ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Vol. 2: ISBN 0-674-99136-2.
* Boardman, Griffin, et Murray. ''The Oxford History of the Classical World'' (Oxford University Press 1986). ISBN 978-0-19-872112-3.
* Bowden, Hugh. [[2010]]. ''Mystery Cults of the Ancient World'' (Princetoniae: Princeton University Press).<!--study of the Mysteries of Eleusis and other cults of ancient Greece and Rome-->
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