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[[Fasciculus:NAMA Mystères d'Eleusis.jpg|thumb|upright=1.4|Tabula votiva<!--?Votive plaque{{dubsig}}--> elementa Mysteriorum Eleusinorum (medio [[saeculum 4 a.C.n.|saeculi 4]] depingit. In sacello Eleusini inventum.]]
[[Fasciculus:NAMA Triade éleusinienne.jpg|thumb|[[Triptolemus]] ''sheaves''{{dubsig}} [[Triticum|tritici]] [[Demeter|Demetris]] et benedictiones [[Persephone]]s accipit. ''Relief''{{dubsig}} [[saeculum 5 a.C.n.|saeculi quinti a.C.n.]], [[National Archaeological Museum of Athens]].]]
 
'''Mysteria Eleusina'''<ref>"Mysteria Eleusina . . . Cereris sacrificia, quae ad Eleusin Oppidum Atticae celebrabantur." Ludovicus Vives, [http://books.google.com/books?id=7WrcxvOTYlAC ''Dialogos de Juan Luis Vives,''] a Christoval Coret y Peris Hispanice conversus, ed. 7a (Valentiae: 1780), p. 322.</ref><ref>Cf. "Misteria Eleusinae": [[Lucius Ampelius]], ''Liber memoriale'' [http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/ampelius.shtml 15.2]</ref> ([[Graece]] Ἐλευσίνια Μυστήρια), vel '''Arcana Eleusina,'''<ref>"Hinc factum est, ut ex antiquis nullo pacto eruditi potuerint eruere arcana Eleusina, & Orphica." Prosperus ab Aquila, [http://books.google.com/books?id=EjtLcFqiCQAC ''Dictionarium Theologicm Portatile''] (1769), p. 157.</ref> vel '''Sacra Eleusinia,'''<ref>[[Suetonius]], ''[[De vita Caesarum]]'' "Claudius" 25; [[Aulus Gellius]], ''[[Noctes Atticae]]'' 11.6.5</ref><ref>"Eleusinis sacris" (abl. pl.): Suetonius, ''De vita Caesarum'' "Nero" 34.4; ''[[Historia Augusta]]'' "Alexander Severus" 18.2.</ref> fuerunt [[caeremonia initiationis]] quotannis pro [[cultus|cultu]] [[Demeter|Demetris]] et [[Persephone]]s habita, [[Eleusin]]i in [[Graecia antiqua]] condita. Omnium [[arcanamysteria sacra|arcanorummysteriorum sacrorum]] [[antiquitas|antiquitate]] celebratorum, haec celebrationesmysteria maximi momenti habebantur.
Eruditi agnoscunt eorum fundamenta fissefuisse vetus cultus [[agrarianismus|agrarianus]] qui ut videtur ex tempore [[Cultura Mycenaea|Mycenaeano]] (c. 1600–[[1100 a.C.n.]]) venit, et traditur cultus Demetris anno [[1500 a.C.n.]] institutus fuisse.<ref>Mylonas 1961:24. "Again, from legends we learn of the arrival of the Cult of Demeter at Eleusis in the fifteenth century [a.C.n.]—an event that must of course have had a profound influence on the life and activities of the site."</ref> Notio [[immortalitas|immortalitatis]] quae in [[syncretismus|syncreticis]] antiquitatis [[religio]]nibus antiquitate exeunte introducta est.<ref name=Nilsson42>[http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/gpr/ Martin Nilsson, ''The Greek popular religion: The cult of Eleusis,''] pp. 42–44.</ref> Arcana repraesentabantur [[mythologia|mythum]] abductionis Persephones ex [[manus|manibus]] [[mater|matris]] Demetris a [[Pluto (deus)|Plutone]] [[rex|rege]] [[Hades (infernus)|Hadis]],{{dubsig}} [[infernus|inferni]] Graeci, in circulo cui erant tres phases: descensus (amissio), indagatio, ascensus, quorum propositio praecipua fuit ascensus Persephones et reconciliatio cum matre. Hae fuit maiores feriae [[Hellenismus|aetate Hellenica]] celebrata, quae deinde [[Roma antiqua|Romam]] extendit.<ref>[[Sergey Uvarov|Ouvaroff, M.]]<!-- (alternatively given as Sergei Semenovich Uvarov, or Sergey Uvarov, 1786–1855)--> (ex Francica a J. D. Price conversus) [http://books.google.com/books?id=EFocAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover ''Essay on the Mysteries of Eleusis''] (Londinii: Rodwell and Martin, 1817). Reimpressio: Kessinger Publishing, 2004).<!-- Ouvaroff writes that fixing the earliest foundation date to the Eleusinian Mysteries is fraught with problems.--></ref> [[Nomen proprium|Nomen]] oppidi, ''Eleusín,'' prae-Graecum videtur, et veri simile est res simillima<!--counterpart--> [[Elysium|Elysii]] et [[dea]]e [[Ilithyia]]e ([[Graece]] ''[[Eileithyia]]e'').<ref>"[[Elysion]]: The island of the happy dead (Hesiod: ''Works and days'' 166ff). [[Eileithyia]]. A Minoan goddess of childbirth and divine midwifery." F. Schachermeyer, ''Die Minoische Kultur des alten Kreta'' (Stuttgartiae: W. Kohlhammer, 1967), pp 141–142.</ref>
 
[[Ritus]], [[caerimonia]]e, et [[fides]]que fuerunt res absconditae, perpetuo celatae et custoditae. Initiati credebant sesese in [[vita posterior]]e<!--?afterlife--> compensationem accepturos esse.<ref>Antonia Tripolitis, ''Religions of the Hellenistic-Roman Age'' (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, November 2001), pp. 16&ndash;21.</ref> Hodie adsunt multae [[pictura]]e et fragmenta [[figlina]]e quae varios arcanorum aspectus describunt. Quia arcana imagines visas<!--visions--> et praestigias vitae posterioris comprehendebant, nonnulli eruditi hodierni putant potestatem et longaevitatem arcanorummysteriorum Eleusinorum ex rebus [[psychedelia|rebus psychedelicis]] emanavisse.<ref name="Wasson, R 1978">[[R. Gordon Wasson|Wasson, R. Gordon]], [[Carl A. P. Ruck|Ruck, Carl]], [[Albert Hofmann|Hofmann, A.]], ''The Road to Eleusis: Unveiling the Secret of the Mysteries''. Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1978.</ref> <!--PLUS IN EN:-->
 
==Vide etiam==
* Meyer, Marvin W. [[1999]]. ''The Ancient Mysteries, a Sourcebook: Sacred Texts of the Mystery Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean World''. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1692-X
* Moore, Clifford H. [[1916]]. ''Religious Thought of the Greeks''. Reimpressio: Kessinger Publishing Aprile 2003. ISBN 0-7661-5130-1.
* Mylonas, George Emmanuel. [[1961]]. ''Eleusis and the Eleusinian Mysteries.'' Princetoniae: Princeton University Press.
* [[Martinus P. Nilsson|Nilsson, Martin P.]] [[1940]]. [http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/gpr/ ''Greek Popular Religion''].
* Rassias, Vlasis. [[2000]]. ''Demolish Them''. Ed. 2a. (Graece.) Athenis. ISBN 960-7748-20-4.
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[[Categoria:Eleusis]]
[[Categoria:Ceres (dea)]]
[[Categoria:Religio GraecaEleusis]]
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[[Categoria:FeriaeReligio in Graecia antiquaGraeca]]
[[Categoria:Religiones arcanorum]]<!-- =Mystery religions-->
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