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[[Fasciculus:NAMA Triade éleusinienne.jpg|thumb|[[Triptolemus]] ''sheaves''{{dubsig}} [[Triticum|tritici]] [[Demeter|Demetris]] et benedictiones [[Persephone]]s accipit. Relief{{dubsig}} saeculi quinti a.C.n. [[National Archaeological Museum of Athens]].]]
 
'''Mysteria Eleusina'''<ref>"Mysteria Eleusina . . . Cereris sacrificia, quae ad Eleusin Oppidum Atticae celebrabantur." Ludovicus Vives, [http://books.google.com/books?id=7WrcxvOTYlAC ''Dialogos de Juan Luis Vives,''] a Christoval Coret y Peris Hispanice conversus, ed. 7a (Valentiae: 1780), p. 322.</ref><ref>Cf. "Misteria Eleusinae": [[Lucius Ampelius]], ''Liber memoriale'' [http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/ampelius.shtml 15.2]</ref> ([[Graece]] Ἐλευσίνια Μυστήρια), vel '''Arcana Eleusina,'''<ref>"Hinc factum est, ut ex antiquis nullo pacto eruditi potuerint eruere arcana Eleusina, & Orphica." Prosperus ab Aquila, [http://books.google.com/books?id=EjtLcFqiCQAC ''Dictionarium Theologicm Portatile''] (1769), p. 157.</ref> vel '''Sacra Eleusinia,'''<ref>[[Suetonius]], ''[[De vita Caesarum]]'' "Claudius" 25; [[Aulus Gellius]], ''[[Noctes Atticae]]'' 11.6.5</ref><ref>"Eleusinis sacris" (abl. pl.): Suetonius, ''De vita Caesarum'' "Nero" 34.4; ''[[Historia Augusta]]'' "Alexander Severus" 18.2</ref><ref>"Misteria Eleusinae": [[Lucius Ampelius]], ''Mem.'' 15.2</ref> fuerunt [[caeremonia initiationis]] quotannis pro [[cultus|cultu]] [[Demeter|Demetris]] et [[Persephone]]s habita, [[Eleusin]]i in [[Graecia antiqua]] condita. Omnium [[arcana sacra|arcanorum sacrorum]] [[antiquitas|antiquitate]] celebratorum, haec celebrationes maximi momenti habebantur.
Eruditi agnoscunt eorum fundamenta fisse vetus cultus [[agrarianismus|agrarianus]] qui ut videtur ex tempore [[Graecia Mycenaeana|Mycenaeano]] (c. 1600–[[1100 a.C.n.]]) venit, et traditur cultus Demetris anno [[1500 a.C.n.]] institutus fuisse.<ref>Mylonas 1961:24. "Again, from legends we learn of the arrival of the Cult of Demeter at Eleusis in the fifteenth century [a.C.n.] – an event that must of course have had a profound influence on the life and activities of the site.</ref> Notio [[immortalitas|immortalitatis]] quae in [[syncretismus|syncreticis]] antiquitatis [[religio]]nibus antiquitate exeunte introducta est.<ref name=Nilsson42>[http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/gpr/ Martin Nilsson, ''The Greek popular religion:The cult of Eleusis,''] pp. 42–44.</ref> Arcana repraesentabantur [[mythologia|mythum]] abductionis Persephones ex manibus [[mater|matris]] Demetris a [[Pluto (deus)|Plutone]] [[rex|rege]] [[Hades (infernus)|Hadis]],{{dubsig}} [[infernus|inferni]] Graeci, in circulo cui erant tres phases: descensus (amissio), indagatio, ascensus, quorum propositio praecipua fuit ascensus Persephones et reconciliatio cum matre. Hae fuit maiores feriae [[aetas Hellenica|aetate Hellenica]] celebrata, quae deinde [[Roma antiqua|Romam]] extendit.<ref>[[Sergey Uvarov|Ouvaroff, M.]]<!-- (alternatively given as Sergei Semenovich Uvarov, or Sergey Uvarov, 1786–1855)--> (ex Francica a J. D. Price conversus) [http://books.google.com/books?id=EFocAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover ''Essay on the Mysteries of Eleusis''] (Londinii: Rodwell and Martin, 1817). Reimpressio: Kessinger Publishing, 2004).<!-- Ouvaroff writes that fixing the earliest foundation date to the Eleusinian Mysteries is fraught with problems.--></ref> Nomen oppidi, ''Eleusín,'' prae-Graecum videtur, et veri simile est res simillima<!--counterpart--> [[Elysium|Elysii]] et [[dea]]e [[Ilithyia]]e ([[Graece]] ''[[Eileithyia]]e'').<ref>"[[Elysion]]: The island of the happy dead (Hesiod: ''Works and days'' 166ff). [[Eileithyia]]. A Minoan goddess of childbirth and divine midwifery." F. Schachermeyer, ''Die Minoische Kultur des alten Kreta'' (Stuttgartiae: W. Kohlhammer, 1967), pp 141–142.</ref>