Quantum redactiones paginae "Constitutio" differant

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[[Fasciculus:Parlament Vienna June 2006 Edited.jpg|thumb|[[Thucydides]] de constitutionibus et civitatibus multa [[scriptor|scripsit]]. [[Sculptura]] inpro aedibus [[parlamentum|parlamenti]], [[Vindobona]]e.]]
[[Fasciculus:Washington Constitutional Convention 1787.jpg|thumb|300px|[[Georgius Vasingtonius]] in [[Conventus Constitutionalis (Civitates Foederatae)|Conventu Constitutionali]] [[1787]], [[Constitutio Civitatum Foederatarum|Constitutionem Civitatum Foederatarum]] signat. Tabula a [[Iunius Brutus Stearns|Iunio Bruto Stears]] anno [[1856]] picta. Museum Artium Bellarum Virginiense.]]
'''Constitutio''' est systema gubernandi, saepe [[scriptura|documentum]] scriptione digestum, quod regulas et principia reipublicae vel societatis formae instituit. <!--In the case of countries, this term refers specifically to a national constitution defining the fundamental [[politics|political]] principles, and establishing the structure, procedures, [[power (sociology)|powers]] and [[duty|duties]], of a [[government]]. Most national constitutions also guarantee certain [[right]]s to the people. The term ''constitution'' can be applied to any overall [[law]] that defines the functioning of a government, including several historical constitutions that existed before the development of modern national constitutions. -->
 
'''Constitutio''' est systema gubernandi, saepe [[scriptura|documentum]] scriptione digestum, quod regulas et principia [[respublica|reipublicae]] vel [[societas humana|societatis]] formae instituit. <!--In the case of countries, this term refers specifically to a national constitution defining the fundamental [[politics|political]] principles, and establishing the structure, procedures, [[power (sociology)|powers]] and [[duty|duties]], of a [[government]].--> MostPlurimae nationalcivitatum constitutionsconstitutiones alsocerta guarantee certain[[ius|iura]] [[righthomo|civibus]]s to the peopleconfirmant. The[[Nomen termsubstantivum]] ''constitutionconstitutio'' can be applied to any overallcuilibet [[lawlex|legi]] thatadhiberi definespotest thequae functioningrationes ofadministrationis a governmentdefinit, includinginter severalquas historicalnonnullae constitutionsconstitutiones that[[historia|historicae]] existedquae beforeevolutioni thehodiernarum developmentconstitutionum of modern nationalnationalium constitutionsantecesserunt. -->
Constitutiones de variis formarum politicarum generibus tractant. Inveniuntur in gubernatione locorum, regionum, civitatum (e.g., Constitutio [[Germania]]e, [[Constitutio Floridae]]), provinciarum, confoederationum (e.g., [[Constitutio Civitatum Foederatarum Americae]]), et confoederationum civitatum sui iuris (e.g., [[Unio Europaea|Unionis Europaeae]]). Eae inveniuntur in multis gregibus politicis quoque, sicut [[factio politica|factionibus politicis]].<!-- [[pressure group]]s, and [[trade union]]s.
 
Constitutiones de variis formarum [[civilitas|politicarum]] generibus tractant. Inveniuntur in gubernatione locorum, regionum[[regio]]num, [[civitas|civitatum]] (e.g., Constitutio [[Germania]]e, [[Constitutio Floridae]]), provinciarum, confoederationum (e.g., [[Constitutio Civitatum Foederatarum Americae]]), et confoederationum [[civitas sui iuris|civitatum sui iuris]] (e.g., [[Unio Europaea|Unionis Europaeae]]). Eae inveniuntur in multis gregibus politicis quoque, sicut [[factio politica|factionibus politicis]].<!-- [[pressure group]]s, and [[trade union]]s.
 
Non-political entities such as [[corporation]]s and [[voluntary association]]s, whether incorporated or not, may also have a [[Constitution (corporate)|constitution]]. The constitution of a legally incorporated entity is more usually styled as its [[Memorandum of association|memorandum]] and [[articles of association]] (U.S. [[Articles of Incorporation|incorporation]]). -->
 
== Theoria Aristoteles Aristotelis==
[[Aristoteles]] in suo[[liber|libro]] opus "''Politica''" sic dixit:
* ὥστ' εἴπερ ἐστὶ δημοκρατία μία τῶν πολιτειῶν, φανερὸν ὡς ἡ τοιαύτη κατάστασις, ἐν ᾗ ψηφίσμασι πάντα διοικεῖται, οὐδὲ δημοκρατία κυρίως· οὐδὲν γὰρ ἐνδέχεται ψήφισμα εἶναι καθόλου. (1292 a)
* (Si ita [[democratia]] enim una formarum constitutionis, proclamatio ut qualis consociatio, in qua omnes res a resolutione consilii gubernatur, non etiam democratia est sensu recte, quia hae resolutio non universalis esse potest.) ex ''Libro IV, iv''.
 
== Vide etiam ==
* [[Constitutio apostolica]]
* [[Charta Consociationis Nationum|Constitutio Consociationis Nationum]]
* [[Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe|Proposed European Union constitution]] -->
 
== Nexus externi Bibliographia==
* [[Albertus P. Blaustein|Blaustein, Albert P.]], et al. ''Constitutions of the Countries of the World.'' Novi Eboraci: Oceana. ISBN 0-379-00467-4.
=== Generalia ===
* Bryde, Brun-Otto, et al., eds. ''Law and politics in Africa, Asia and Latin America.'' Verfassung und Recht in Übersee. Baden Baden: Nomos.
*Claes, Monica. [[2006]]. Constitutional Law. In ''Elgar Encyclopedia of Comparative Law,'' ed. Jan M. Smits, 187–199. Cheltenham et Northampton, Massachusettae: Edward Elgar. ISBN 978-1-84542-013-0.
* [[Petrus Häberle|Häberle, Peter]]. [[1998]]. ''Verfassungslehre als Kulturwissenschaft.'' Ed 2a. Berolini: Duncker und Humblot. ISBN 3-428-09202-3.
* [[Petrus Häberle|Häberle, Peter]]. [[1998]]. ''Verfassung als öffentlicher Prozeß.'' Ed. 3a. Berolini: Duncker und Humblot. ISBN 3-428-08491-8.
* [[Petrus Häberle|Häberle, Peter]]. [[2011]], ''Europäische Verfassungslehre.'' Ed. 7a. Baden Baden: Nomos. ISBN 978-3-8329-6218-0.
* [[Petrus Häberle|Häberle, Peter]], ed. ''Jahrbuch des öffentlichen Rechts der Gegenwart.'' Tubingae: Mohr Siebeck.
* [[Ernstus Rudolfus Huber|Huber, Ernst Rudolf]], ed. [[1978]]–[[1997]]. ''Dokumente zur deutschen Verfassungsgeschichte.'' 5 vol. Stutgartiae, Berolini, Coloniae.
* Ooyen, Robert Christian van. [[2006]]. ''Politik und Verfassung.'' Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag.
* [[Gerhard Robbers|Robbers, Gerhard]], ed. [[2006]]. ''Encyclopedia of World Constitutions.'' 3 vol. Novi Eboraci: Facts on File.
* [[Kennethus Robertus Redden|Redden, Kenneth Robert]]. ''Modern Legal Systems Cyclopedia.'' Buffali Novi Eboraci. ISBN 0-89941-300-5.
* [[Michael Rosenfeld|Rosenfeld, Michel]], et al., eds. ''International Journal of Constitutional Law.'' Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISSN 1474-2659.
* Tushnet, Mark. [[2008]]. Comparative Constitutional Law. In ''Oxford Handbook of Comparative Law,'' ed. Mathias Reimann et Reinhard Zimmermann, 1225–1258. Oxoniae: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-953545-3.
*Wieser, Bernd. [[2005]]. ''Vergleichendes Verfassungsrecht.'' Vindobonae: Springer. ISBN 3-211-27753-6.
 
==Nexus externi==
=== Generalia ===
* [http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/cgi-local/DHI/dhi.cgi?id=dv1-61 Dictionarum Historiae Notionum] Constitutionalismus
* [http://www.staff.amu.edu.pl/~wroblew/html/en_pr_konst.html ''Ius Constitutionale''], "Constitutiones, bibliographia, nexus"
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