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[[Fasciculus:Egypt.Giza.Sphinx.01.jpg|thumb|[[Sphinx]] et [[Necropolis Gizensis|pyramidae Gizenses]] sunt inter notissima signa [[civilizatio]]nis Aegypti antiquae.]]
[[Fasciculus:Ancient Egypt map-en.svg|thumb|Tabula Aegypti antiquae maiores urbes et locos temporum domuum regalium (circa [[3150 a.C.n.|3150]] ad [[30 a.C.n.]]) ([[Anglice]] signata).]]
[[Fasciculus:Camel and the pyramids.jpg|thumb|[[Periegesis|Peregrinatores]] prae pyramides Gizenses [[camelus|camelum]] vehuntur.]]
[[Fasciculus:Tourist at Sphinx, Giza plateau.jpg|thumb|In [[Plana Gizensis|Plana Gizensi]], peregrinator subsidit.]]
[[Fasciculus:Ägyptischer Maler um 1355 v. Chr. 001.jpg|thumb|Proelium inter regem [[Tutenchamun]] et homines quosdam [[Asia]]e, in [[ebur]]e pictum [[saeculum 14 a.C.n.|saeculo 14 a.C.n.]]]]
'''Aegyptus antiqua''' appellatur historia [[Aegyptus|Aegyptia]], quae ad ripas [[Nilus|Nili]] sita inter septentriones et orientem [[Africa]]e spectat, ab anno circa 3500 a.C.n. usque ad [[Imperium Romanum|Imperii Romani]] ortum. [[Religio Aegyptica|Multos deos]] venerabantur Aegyptii antiqui; [[rex]], quem humanam [[Horus|Hori dei]] [[incarnatio]]nem esse putabant, [[pharao]] appellatus est. Regnum anno [[31 a.C.n.]], vero iam [[Romani|Romano imperio]] subiectum, post pugnam apud [[Actium]], interiit.
 
'''Aegyptus antiqua''' fuit [[civilizatio]] [[historia antiqua|antiqua]] [[Africa]]e inter septentriones et orientem, in [[unus|unum]] secundum ripas inferiores [[Nilus|Fluminis Nili]] collatum, in terra quae nunc est [[Aegyptus]], [[civitas sui iuris|civitas]] hodierna. Civilizatio Agyptia circa [[3150 a.C.n.]] secundum [[chronologia Aegyptia usu recepta|chronologiam Aegyptiam]] coaluit,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/chronology/index.html|title=Chronology|accessdate=[[25 Martii]] [[2008]]|publisher=Digital Egypt for Universities, University College London| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20080316015559/http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/chronology/index.html| archivedate= [[16 Martii]] [[2008]]| deadurl= no}}.</ref> [[Aegyptus Superior et Inferior|Aegypto Superiore et Inferiore]] sub primo [[pharao]]ne [[civilitas|civilitate]] coniunctis.<ref>Dodson (2004) p. 46.</ref> [[Historia Aegypti antiquae]] in serie [[regnum|regnorum]] constantium facta est, a temporibus inconstantiae ''interregna'' vel ''temporibus mediis''<!--intermediate periods--> appellatis separatorum: in [[Regnum Vetus|Regno Vetere]] [[Aetas Aenea Ineunte|Aetatis Aeneae Ineuntis]], [[Regnum Medium Aegypti|Regno Medio]] [[Aetas Aenea Media|Aetatis Aeneae Mediae]], [[Regnum Novum|Regno Novo]] [[Aetas Aenea Exeunte|Aetatis Aeneae Exeuntis]]. Aegyptus fastigium potestatis per Regnum Novum attigit, tempore Ramessido, postquam lentam coepit deminutionem. Terra a continuatione potestatum externarum, inter quas [[Libya Antiqua|Libya]], [[Nubia]], [[Assyria]], [[Babylonia]], [[Historia Aegypti Achaemenidae|Imperium Achaemenidarum]], et [[Graecia]], [[Tertium Aegypti Aevum Medium|Tertio Aevo Medio]] et [[Tardum Aegypti Antiqui Aevum|Aevo Tardo]] invasa vel superata est. [[Alexander Magnus|Alexandro Magno]] [[mors|morte]], [[Ptolemaeus Soter]], [[unus]] ex eius legatis, se ut novus Aegypti rector instituit; [[Domus Ptolemaica]] deinde civitatem temperavit usque ad [[30 a.C.n.]], cum ab [[Imperium Romanum|Imperio Romano]] victa, [[Aegyptus (provincia Romana)|provincia Romana]] facta est.<ref>Clayton (1994), p. 217.</ref> <!--PLUS IN EN:-->
== Historia ==
 
'''Aegyptus antiqua''' appellatur historia [[Aegyptus|Aegyptia]], quae ad ripas [[Nilus|Nili]] sita inter septentriones et orientem [[Africa]]e spectat, ab anno circa 3500 a.C.n. usque ad [[Imperium Romanum|Imperii Romani]] ortum. [[Religio Aegyptica|Multos deos]] venerabantur Aegyptii antiqui; [[rex]], quem humanam [[Horus|Hori dei]] [[incarnatio]]nem esse putabant, [[pharao]] appellatus est. Regnum anno [[31 a.C.n.]], vero iam [[RomaniImperium Romanum|RomanoImperio imperioRomano]] subiectum, post pugnam apud [[Actium|Actiacam]], interiit.
 
== Historia ==
Historia Aegypti antiquae est plerumque ita divisa
* [[Aevum ante domos Aegypti antiquae|Aevum ante domos]] (ante coniunctionem Aegypti Superiori Aegyptique Inferiori 3150 a.C.n.)
* [[Aegyptus Ptolemaeica]]
 
==Vide Nexus externi etiam==
* [[Adumbratio Aegypti antiquae]]
{{Commonscat|Ancient Egypt|Aegyptum Antiquam}}
* [[Glossarium artifactorum Aegypti Antiquaae]]<!--
* [[Index of ancient Egypt-related articles]]-->
 
==Notae==
<div class="references-small"><references/></div>
 
==Bibliographia==
* {{Cite book |author=Aldred, Cyril |title=Akhenaten, King of Egypt |publisher=Thames and Hudson |location=Londinii |year=[[1988]] |pages= |isbn=0-500-05048-1 |doi=}}
* {{Cite book |author=Allen, James P. |title=Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs |publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cantabrigiae, BR |year=[[2000]] |isbn=0-521-77483-7}}
* {{Cite book | last=Badawy | first=Alexander | title=A History of Egyptian Architecture. Vol III | publisher=University of California Press | location=Berkeleiae Californiae| year=[[1968]] | isbn=0-520-00057-9}}
* {{Cite book |last=Billard|first=Jules B.|title=Ancient Egypt: Discovering its Splendors|publisher=National Geographic Society|location=Washington D.C.|year=[[1978]]}}
* {{Cite book|first =J|last=Cerny|title=Egypt from the Death of Ramesses III to the End of the Twenty-First Dynasty' in The Middle East and the Aegean Region c.1380–1000&nbsp;BC|publisher=Cambridge University Press|location=Cantabrigiae, BR|year=[[1975]]|isbn=0-521-08691-4}}
* {{Cite book|title= Ancient Egyptian Construction and Architecture |last=Clarke |first=Somers |publisher=Dover Publications, Unabridged Dover reprint of ''Ancient Egyptian Masonry: The Building Craft,'' primum ab Oxford University Press/Humphrey Milford, Londinii, editus ([[1930]])| location=Novi Eboraci |year=[[1990]] |isbn=0-486-26485-8 |coauthors=R. Engelbach}}
* {{Cite book|last=Clayton |first=Peter A. |title = Chronicle of the Pharaohs |publisher= Thames and Hudson |location=Londinii| year= [[1994]] |isbn=0-500-05074-0 }}
* {{Cite book |author=Cline, Eric H.; O'Connor, David Kevin |title=Amenhotep III: Perspectives on His Reign |publisher=University of Michigan Press |location=Ann Arbor, Michigan |year=[[2001]] |page= 273|isbn=0-472-08833-5}}
* {{Cite book |title=Egyptian Rock Cut Tombs |last=Dodson |first=Aidan |publisher=Shire Publications Ltd |year=[[1991]] |location=Buckinghamshire, BR |isbn=0-7478-0128-2}}
* {{Cite book|author=Dodson, Aidan|coauthor=Hilton, Dyan|title=The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt|publisher=Thames & Hudson |location=Londinii|year=[[2004]]|isbn=0-500-05128-3}}
* {{Cite book | last=El-Daly | first=Okasha | title=Egyptology: The Missing Millennium | location=Londinii | publisher=UCL Press | year=[[2005]] | isbn=1-84472-062-4}}
* {{Cite book |author=Filer, Joyce |title=Disease |publisher=University of Texas Press |location=Austin, Texiae |year=[[1996]] |isbn=0-292-72498-5}}
* {{Cite book | last=Gardiner | first=Sir Alan | title=[[Egyptian Grammar: Being an Introduction to the Study of Hieroglyphs]] | publisher=Griffith Institute | location=Oxoniae | year=[[1957]] | isbn=0-900416-35-1}}
* {{Cite journal | last=Hayes | first= W. C. | title=Most Ancient Egypt: Chapter III. The Neolithic and Chalcolithic Communities of Northern Egypt | journal=[[Journal of Near Eastern Studies|JNES]] | edition=No. 4 | month=October | year=[[1964]] | pages=217–272 | volume= 23}}
* {{Cite book | last=Imhausen | first=Annette | coauthors= [[Eleanor Robson]], [[Joseph Dauben|Joseph W. Dauben]], Kim Plofker, J. Lennart Berggren, Victor J. Katz | title=The Mathematics of Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, India, and Islam: A Sourcebook | publisher=Princeton University Press | location=Princetoniae | year=[[2007]] | isbn=0-691-11485-4}}
* {{Cite book|last=James|first=T.G.H.|title=The British Museum Concise Introduction to Ancient Egypt |publisher=University of Michigan Press|location=Ann Arbor, Michiganiae|year=[[2005]] |isbn=0-472-03137-6}}
* {{Cite book|author=[[Barry Kemp (Egyptologist)|Kemp, Barry]]|title=Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilization|publisher=Routledge|year=[[1991]]|location=Londinii|isbn=0-415-06346-9}}
* {{Cite book |last= Lichtheim |first=Miriam|title=Ancient Egyptian Literature, vol 1|publisher=University of California Press|year=[[1975]]|location=Londinii |isbn=0-520-02899-6}}
* {{Cite book |last= Lichtheim | first=Miriam | title=Ancient Egyptian Literature, A Book of Readings. Vol III: The Late Period | publisher=University of California Press | year=[[1980]] | location=Berkeleiae Californiae| isbn=}}
* {{Cite book | last=Loprieno | first=Antonio | title= Ancient Egyptian: A linguistic introduction | publisher=Cambridge University Press | location=Cantabrigiae | year=[[1995]]a |isbn=0-521-44849-2}}
* {{Cite book | last=Loprieno | first=Antonio | contribution=Ancient Egyptian and other Afroasiatic Languages | title=Civilizations of the Ancient Near East | editor-last=Sasson | editor-first=J. M. | volume=4 | publisher=Charles Scribner | place=Novi Eboraci | year=[[1995]]b | pages=2137–2150 | isbn=1-56563-607-4}}
* {{Cite book | last=Loprieno | first=Antonio | contribution=Ancient Egyptian and Coptic | title=The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages | editor-last=Woodward | editor-first=Roger D. | publisher=Cambridge University Press | place=Cantabrigiae | year=[[2004]] | pages=160–192 | isbn=0-521-56256-2}}
* {{Cite book |last=Lucas |first=Alfred |title=Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries, ed. 4a |location=Londinii |year=[[1962]] |publisher=Edward Arnold Publishers|isbn=1-85417-046-5}}
* {{Cite journal | last=Mallory-Greenough | first=Leanne M. | title=The Geographical, Spatial, and Temporal Distribution of Predynastic and First Dynasty Basalt Vessels | journal=The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology | location=Londinii | publisher=Egypt Exploration Society | year=[[2002]] | volume=88 | pages=67–93 | doi=10.2307/3822337 | jstor=3822337}}
* {{Cite book|year=[[1998]]|author=Manuelian, Peter Der|title=Egypt: The World of the Pharaohs|location=Bonner Straße, Cologne Germany|publisher=Könemann Verlagsgesellschaft mbH|isbn=3-89508-913-3}}
* {{Cite book |author=McDowell, A. G. |title=Village life in ancient Egypt: laundry lists and love songs |publisher=Oxford University Press |location=Oxoniae |year=[[1999]]|isbn=0-19-814998-0 }}
* {{Cite book |author=Meskell, Lynn |title=Object Worlds in Ancient Egypt: Material Biographies Past and Present (Materializing Culture) |publisher=Berg Publishers |location=Oxoniae|year= [[2004]]|isbn=1-85973-867-2}}
* {{Cite book | last=Midant-Reynes | first=Béatrix | title=The Prehistory of Egypt: From the First Egyptians to the First Pharaohs | location=Oxoniae | publisher=Blackwell Publishers | year=[[2000]] | isbn=0-631-21787-8}}
* {{Cite book |last=Nicholson |first=Paul T. |title=Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology |publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cantabrigiae |year=[[2000]] |isbn=0-521-45257-0 |author-separator=, |display-authors=1}}
* {{Cite book |author=Oakes, Lorna |title=Ancient Egypt: An Illustrated Reference to the Myths, Religions, Pyramids and Temples of the Land of the Pharaohs |publisher=Barnes & Noble |location=Novi Eboraci |year=[[2003]]|isbn=0-7607-4943-4}}
* {{Cite book |last=Robins |first=Gay |title=The Art of Ancient Egypt |publisher=Harvard University Press |year=[[2000]] |location=Cantabrigiae Massachusettae|isbn=0-674-00376-4 }}
* {{Cite book |author=[[Kim Ryholt|Ryholt, Kim]]|title=The Political Situation in Egypt During the Second Intermediate Period |year=[[1997]] |month=January |location=Copenhagen, Denmark|publisher=Museum Tusculanum |isbn=87-7289-421-0}}
* {{Cite book |last=Scheel |first=Bernd |title=Egyptian Metalworking and Tools |publisher= Shire Publications Ltd |location=Haverfordwest, Great Britain |year=[[1989]]|isbn=0-7478-0001-4}}
* {{Cite book|last=Shaw|first=Ian|title=The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt|publisher=Oxford University Press|year=[[2003]]|location=Oxoniae|isbn=0-500-05074-0 }}
* {{Cite book |author=Siliotti, Alberto |title=The Discovery of Ancient Egypt |publisher=Book Sales, Inc |location=Edison, Novae Caesareae|year=[[1998]]|isbn=0-7858-1360-8}}
* {{Cite book | last=Strouhal | first=Eugen | title=Life in Ancient Egypt | publisher=University of Oklahoma Press | location=Norman, Oklahomae | year=[[1989]] | isbn=0-8061-2475-X}}
* {{Cite book|author=Tyldesley, Joyce A. |title=Ramesses: Egypt's greatest pharaoh |publisher=Penguin|location=Harmondsworth Angliae|year=[[2001]]|pages= 76–77|isbn=0-14-028097-9}}
* {{Cite journal | last=Vittman | first=G. | title=Zum koptischen Sprachgut im Ägyptisch-Arabisch | journal=Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes | location=Vindobonae | publisher=Institut für Orientalistik, Vienna University | year=[[1991]] | volume=81 | pages=197–227}}
* {{Cite book |author=Walbank, Frank William |authorlink = F. W. Walbank|title=The Cambridge ancient history |publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cantabrigiae |year=[[1984]] |isbn=0-521-23445-X}}
* {{Cite book |author=Wasserman, James; Faulkner, Raymond Oliver; Goelet, Ogden; Von Dassow, Eva |title=The Egyptian Book of the dead, the Book of going forth by day: being the Papyrus of Ani |publisher=Chronicle Books |location= Franciscopole Californiae |year=[[1994]] |isbn=0-8118-0767-3}}
* {{Cite book|last=Wilkinson|first=R. H.|year=[[2000]]|title=The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt|location=Londinii|publisher=Thames and Hudson|isbn=0-500-05100-3}}
 
==Bibliographia addita==
* {{Cite book|author=[[Ioannes Baines|Baines, John]] and [[Jaromir Malek]]|title=The Cultural Atlas of Ancient Egypt|edition=revised|publisher=Facts on File|year=[[2000]]|isbn=0-8160-4036-2}}
* {{Cite book | last = Bard | first = KA | title = Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt | publisher = Routledge | location = Novi Eboraci| year = [[1999]]|isbn=0-415-18589-0}}
* {{Cite book|first=Nicolas|last=Grimal|title=A History of Ancient Egypt|publisher=Blackwell Books|language=German|year=[[1992]]|isbn=0-631-19396-0}}
*{{cite book|editor1-last=Helck|editor1-first=Wolfgang|editor1-link=Wolfgang Helck|editor2-last=Otto|editor2-first=Eberhard|title=Lexikon der Ägyptologie|publisher=O. Harrassowitz|year=[[1972]]–[[1992]]|isbn=3-447-01441-5}}
* {{Cite book|author=[[Mark Lehner|Lehner, Mark]]|title=The Complete Pyramids|location=Londinii|publisher=Thames & Hudson|year=[[1997]]|isbn=0-500-05084-8}}
*{{cite book|editor-last=Redford|editor-first=Donald B.|editor-link=Donald B. Redford|title=The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt|publisher=Oxford University Press|year=[[2001]]|isbn=0-19-510234-7}}
* {{Cite book|last=Wilkinson|first=R.H.|title=The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt|location=Londinii|publisher=Thames and Hudson|year=[[2003]]|isbn=0-500-05120-8}}
 
==Nexus externi==
{{CommonscatCommuniaCat|Ancient Egypt|Aegyptum Antiquam}}
* [http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/ammianus/22.shtml#15 Ammianus Mercellinus (22,15-16) de Aegypto antiquo refert] apud www.thelatinlibrary.com
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/ BBC History: Egyptians]
* [http://www.ancientegyptonline.co.uk/index.html Ancient Egypt Online]
* [http://www.ancient.eu.com/egypt/ Ancient History Encyclopedia]
* [http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN&id=9ToLAAAAIAAJ&dq=PtahHotep&as_brr=1 Ancient Egyptian Science: A Source Book Door Marshall Clagett, 1989]
* [http://www.aldokkan.com/science/metallurgy.htm Ancient Egyptian Metallurgy]
* ''Napoleon on the Nile: Soldiers, Artists, and the Rediscovery of Egypt'', [http://arthistory.about.com/od/from_exhibitions/ig/Napoleon-on-the-Nile/Joseph--1874.htm Art History].
* [http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/ Ancient Egypt]
* [http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/ Digital Egypt for Universities.]
* [http://www.ancient-egypt-priests.com/ Priests of Ancient Egypt]
* [http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-egypt Ancient Egypt]
* [http://escholarship.org/uc/nelc_uee?rmode=showAll UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/women_01.shtml Ancient Egypt and the Role of Women]
 
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[[Categoria:Civilizationes]]
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