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'''Niger'''<ref>"[http://www.uni-mannheim.de/mateo/camenaref/hofmann/hof3/s0322a.html Niger]" et "[http://www.uni-mannheim.de/mateo/camenaref/hofmann/hof3/s0323a.html Nigir seu Niger, Nigris, et Nigres]" in {{Lexfons}}</ref><ref>"Niger fl." in tabula ''Africae Tabula Nova'' ab [[Abraham Ortelius|Abrahamo Ortelio]] facta ([[Antverpia]]e, [[1570]]).</ref> est principale [[Africa Occidentalis|Africae Occidentalis]] [[flumen]]. Circa 4180 [[chiliometrum|chiliometrorum]] extenditur per [[pelvis hydrographica|pelvem hydrographicam]] cuius [[area (geometria)|area]] 2&thinsp;117&thinsp;700 [[chiliometrum quadratum|chiliometrorum quadratorum]] est.<ref>{{Citation |last= Gleick |first= Peter H. |title= The World's Water, 2000-2001: The Biennial Report on Freshwater |year= [[2000]] |publisher= Island Press |isbn= 1-55963-792-7 |page= 33}}; interretialis [http://books.google.com/books?id=b61zOkAs5NcC Google Books]</ref> Fons in [[Terrae Altae Guineae|Terris Altis Guineae]] in [[Guinea]] meridio-orientali patet, unde flumen [[crescens|crescentem]] describitur per [[Malium]], [[Niger|Nigrum]], secundum fines [[Beninum|Benini]], et tum per [[Nigeria]]m, cum per magnam [[delta fluviatilis|deltam]], [[Delta Niger]] et [[Flumina Petrolei]] appellata, per [[Sinus Guineae|Sinum Guineae]] in [[Oceanus Atlanticus|Oceanum Atlanticum]] defluit. Niger [[longitudo|longitudine]] est [[tres|tertium]] [[Africa]]e flumen, solum a [[Nilus|Nilo]] et [[Congo (flumen)|Congo]] (etiam Flumen Zaïre appellatum) exsuperatum. Praecipuus [[tributarius]] est [[Flumen Benue]].
 
==Etymologia==
Niger appellatur ''Jeliba'' vel ''Joliba'' 'magnum flumen' in [[linguae Manding|Manding]], ''Orimiri'' vel ''Orimili'' 'magna aqua' in [[lingua Igbo|Igbo]], ''Egerew n-Igerewen'' 'flumen fluminum' in [[linguae Tuareg|Tuareg]], ''Isa Ber'' 'magnum flumen' in [[linguae Songhay|Songhay]], ''[[Kwara]]'' in [[Hausa]], et ''Oya'' in [[lingua Yoruba|Yoruba]]. Incerta est origo nominis ''Nigri,'' primum solum ad medias fluminis [[regio]]nes adhibiti. Veri simile est nomen ''Nigrum'' in [[lingua Latina]] et aliis [[lingua|linguis]] deductum esse ex ''egerew n-igerewen'' nomine Tuareg, secundum medias fluminis partes circa [[Tombutum]] adhibitum.<ref>Nomen Arabicum ''nahr al-anhur'' ex Tuareg recte convertitur.</ref><ref>[http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Niger Online Etymological Dictionary]</ref> Tombutum, quia in finibus australibus principalis [[via]]e [[commercium Trans-Saharanum|commercii Trans-Saharani]] ad [[Mare Mediterraneum]] [[occidens|occidentale]] iacet, fuit fons plurimi [[Europa]]eae fluminis [[regio]]nis doctrinae.
 
==Vide etiam==
*[[Auctoritas Pelvis Nigrae]]
*[[Azawagh]]
 
==Notae==
<div class="references-small"><references /></div>
 
==Bibliographia==
[[Fasciculus:Africae tabula nova.jpg|thumb|Anno [[1570]], in tabula [[Nederlandia|Nederlandica]] ab [[Abraham Ortelius|Abrahamo Ortelio]] facta, Niger in [[Senegallia]] iacet.]]
*[[T. C. Boyle|Boyle, T. C.]] [[1981]]. ''Water Music.'' Mythistoria de [[Mungo Park]], [[explorator]]e [[Scotia|Scotico]].
*{{citation |last=Reader |first=John |title=Africa |location=Vasingtoniae, D.C. |publisher=National Geographic Society |year=[[2001]] |isbn=0-620-25506-4}}.
*Obert, Michael. [[2010]]. ''Regenzauber: Auf dem Niger ins Innere Afrikas." Ed. 5a. National Geographic. ISBN 3-89405-249-X.
*{{citation |first=J. Oliver |last=Thomson |title=History of Ancient Geography |publisher=Biblo & Tannen Publishers |year=[[1948]] |isbn=0-8196-0143-8}}.
*{{citation |first=R. L. |last=Welcomme |chapter=The Niger River System |editor-first=Bryan Robert |editor-last=Davies |editor2-first=Keith F. |editor2-last=Walker |title=The Ecology of River Systems |publisher=Springer |year=[[1986]] |isbn=90-6193-540-7 |pages=9–60}}.
 
==Nexus externus==
{{communiaCat|Niger River|Nigrum}}
*[http://earthtrends.wri.org/maps_spatial/maps_detail_static.cfm?map_select=298&theme=2 Nuntii et tabula pelvis hydrographicae fluminis,] apud earthtrends.wri.org
*[http://www.waterandnature.org/eatlas/html/af14.html Tabula pelvis Nigri Fluminis] apud www.waterandnature.org (Water Resources eAtlas)
*[http://www.nigercurrents.ca "Exploring life and technology along the Niger River,"] apud www.nigercurrents.ca
*[http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/199004/fishing.in.the.pondo.htm Pierre Maas et Geert Mommersteeg, ''Fishing in the Pondo'' (Saudi Aramco World, 1990),] apud www.saudiaramcoworld.com
 
===Ius inter civitates et Niger Flumen===
*[http://www.ppl.nl/index.php?option=com_wrapper&view=wrapper&Itemid=82 "Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law,"] apud www.ppl.nl (Peace Palace Library)
* Spadi, Fabio. [[2005]]. "The ICJ Judgment in the Benin-Niger Border Dispute: the interplay of titles and ‘effectivités’ under the uti possidetis juris principle." [http://www.ljil.leidenuniv.nl/index.php3?m=5&c=186 ''Leiden Journal of International Law''] 4:777–794.
 
===Photographemata===
*[http://web.mac.com/dwb217/iWeb/WorldViewBender/Niger%20River.html Photographemata Nigri Fluminis in Malio,] apud web.mac.com
{{Coord|13.86014|-3.33328|display=title}}
 
[[Categoria:Flumina Africae]]
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