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[[Fasciculus:Solar system.jpg|thumb|[[Planeta]]e systematis solaris, cum [[Tellus (planeta)|Telluris]] [[Luna (satelles)|luna]].]]
 
'''Systema solare''' (-tis, ''n.'')<ref name=NSLO>Ebbe Vilborg, ''Norstedts svensk-latinska ordbok'', editio secunda, 2009.</ref> autsive '''stellarum ordo solaris''' (-inis, ''m.'')<ref name=NSLO /> aut consistit in [[Sol]]e et [[astronomia|res astronomicaastronomicae]]e a [[Gravitas (physica)|gravitate]] ad eum ligatae consistit, quorum omnes creatae sunt ab immanis [[nubes molecularis|nubis molecularis]] implosione abhinc annos[[annus|annorum]] circa 4.6 billionabilliones creatae sunt.{{dubsig}} Multarum rerum quae circa Solem moventer (vel "[[orbitum|orbitantur]]") plurimum [[massa]]e intra [[octo]] solitarias [[planeta]]s continetur, cuius orbitus sunt paene circulares et patent intra paene planum discum appellatum [[planum eclipticieclipticae]] patent. [[Quattuor]] minores planetae—[[Mercurius (planeta)|Mercurius]], [[Venus (planeta)|Venus]], [[Tellus (planeta)|Tellus]], [[Mars (planeta)|Mars]]—etiam appellati [[planeta terrestris|planetae terrestres]] appellati, praecipue [[saxum|saxo]] [[metallum|metalloque]] componuntur. Quattuor planetae exteriores, [[gigas gaseosus|gigantes gaseosi]], planetis terrestribus sunt multo solidiores. [[Duo]] maximi, [[Iuppiter (planeta)|Iuppiter]] et [[Saturnus (planeta)|Saturnus]], praecipue [[hydrogenium|hydrogenio]] [[helium|helioque]] componuntur; duo extremi, [[Uranus (planeta)|Uranus]] et [[Neptunus (planeta)|Neptunus]], [[glacies|glaciebus]] ([[aqua]]e, [[ammonia]]e, [[methanum|methani]]) consistentes, saepe appellantur "gigantes glaciales." appellantur.
 
[[Fasciculus:Terrestrial planet size comparisons.jpg|thumb|left|Planeta interiores. A laeva: [[Mercurius (planeta)|Mercurius]], [[Venus (planeta)|Venus]], [[Tellus (planeta)|Terra]], et [[Mars (planeta)|Mars]] (magnitudines "ad scalam"; spatia interplanetaria non).]]
 
Etiam in orbitu circa Solem sunt [[satelles]] planetarum, [[asteroides]], et [[cometes]] (vel stellae crinitae). [[Tellus (planeta)|Terra]] est [[tres|tertius]] a Sole [[planeta]] systematisSystematis solarisSolaris. ''Systema planetare'' est generalis [[stella]]rum et [[corpus caeleste|corporum caelestium]] eum circumvolantium nominatio.
 
== Origo systematis solarisSystematis Solaris==
AnteAbhinc tempora ante circiter 45 650 centena milia annorum, [[systemaSystema]] solare nostrumSolare ex orbe gasi[[gas]]i ac paulum [[pulvis|pulveris]] rotantisvolventis ortum est. Primum medio in orbe stella [[Sol]] contracta est et [[lux|lucere]] coepit. Mox (secundum spatia temporum [[geologia|geologica]]) gasa reliqua et pulvis magna e parte usque ad corpora magnitudinis [[pedifollis]] coagglutinata sunt. Quomodo ex his globulis [[asteroides]] facti sint, adhuc haud bene intellectum est. E multis asteroidibus tunc gravitatione[[gravitatio]]ne corpora maiora facta sunt quae ''[[planetesimalia]]'' appellantur. Ex eis tunc collisionibus satis modestis paulatim [[planetae pullus|planetarum pulli]] ac deinde [[planeta]]e facti sunt. [[Luna]], [[satelles]] [[Tellus (planeta)|Terrae]], e concursu Terrae primordialis cum planetarum pullo magnitudinis fere Martis planetae orta esse putatur.
 
== Corpora systematis solaris ==
[[Fasciculus:Venustransit 2004-06-08 07-49.jpg|thumb|[[Transitus Veneris]], [[8 Iunii]] [[2004]].]]
 
[[Fasciculus:Venustransit 2004-06-08 07-49.jpg|thumb|[[Transitus Veneris]].]]
[[Fasciculus:Heliospheric-current-sheet.gif|thumb|[[Heliospheric current sheet]]{{dubsig}}.]]
Magna varietas corporum in systemateSystemate solariSolari in nonnullasnonnullis classesgeneribus dividi potest. Annis recentibus de his categoriisgeneribus disputatio quaedam orta est. Haec encyclopaedia his utitur:
 
Magna varietas corporum in systemate solari in nonnullas classes dividi potest. Annis recentibus de his categoriis disputatio quaedam orta est. Haec encyclopaedia his utitur:
* [[Sol]] est '''[[stella]]''' classis spectralis V G2 et 99,86 centesimae ponderis totius ordinis solaris continet.
* '''[[Planeta]]e''' systematis solaris sunt octo corpora quae generaliter sic appellantur (definitio ''planetae'' difficilius est).
** QuatuorQuattuor planetae terrestriales: [[Mercurius (planeta)|Mercurius]], [[Venus (planeta)|Venus]], [[Tellus (planeta)|Terra (seu Tellus)]], [[Mars (planeta)|Mars]]
** Quatuor planetae gaseosi, siue gigantes [[gas]]is: [[Iuppiter (planeta)|Iuppiter]], [[Saturnus (planeta)|Saturnus]], [[Uranus (planeta)|Uranus]], [[Neptunus (planeta)|Neptunus]].
* Inter [[1930]] et [[2006]] etiam [[Pluto (planetula)|Pluto]] in eorum numero habebatur. Nunc sicut [[1 Ceres|Ceres]] et [[Eris (planetula)|Eris]] '''[[planetula]]''' vocatur.
** Maiora corpora hos planetas circumvolantia '''[[satelles|satellites]]''' vocantur.
** Anuli circum planetas gigantes gaseosas ex pulvere et particulis parvis constant.
** Quisquiliae originis artificialis, e.g. reliquia satellitum artificialium.
** Planetesimalia sunt corpora caelestia minora quam planetae, e quibus planetae in principio ordinis solaris formati sunt et quae non iam sunt. Interdum hoc verbo generaliter asteroides et cometae appellantur quorum [[diametrum]] minus quam 10 km[[chiliometrum|chiliometra]] est.
* '''[[Asteroides]]''' sunt corpora diametri minoris quam planetae. Nonnulli inter orbitam planetarum Martis ac Iovis siti sunt et plerumque ex mineralibus consistunt (qv. cometae). Asteroides ob proprietates orbitales in varias classes et familias subdividuntur. Asteroides, qui in interiore zona versantur, ''regulares'' appellantur.; Eiseis nomina feminina data sunt. Asteroides, qui non sint in aliqua zona, ''irregulares'' appellantur, et nomina masculina habent. Asteroides, qui in zona exteriore revolvunturversantur, [[OZK|obiecta zonae Kuiperi]] nominantur. (Vide et infra.)
** [[Satelles|Satellites]] asteroidum sunt asteroides qui asteroides maiores circumvolant.
** [[Asteroides Troianus|Asteroides Troiani]] in puncto L<sub>4</sub> vel L<sub>5</sub> planetae [[Iuppiter (planeta)|Iovis]] siti sunt (interdum omnes asteroides in puncto ''Lagrange'' ullius planetae siti sic vocantur).
* Centauri sunt corpora cometis similiora qui ob orbitam minus excentricam inter planetas Iovem et Neptunum remanent.
* '''Corpora transneptunia''' sunt corpora glacialia quorum axes orbitales semimaiores ultra Neptunum sunt. Illa sic subdividuntur:
** Corpora [[zona Kuiperi|cinguli vel zonae Kuiperi]] orbitas inter 30 et 100 [[Unitas astronomica|ua]] habent. Quae ''obiecta zonae Kuiperi'', breviter ''[[OZK]]'' nominantur. Cingulum Kuiperi origo cometarum periodi orbitalis brevis habetur. Pluto maius corpus huius cinguli esse putatur, et corpora orbitas similes Plutoni habentia ''Plutini'' appellantur. Cetera corpora medii cinguli Kuiperi ''Cubevani'' vocantur. Illa in marginibus cinguli sita ''obiecta orbis dissipata'' appellantur. Anno [[2003]] hac in zona obiectum magnitudinis maioris quam Plutonis inventum est, cuius signum interim adhibitum 2003 UB313 fuit quique nunc [[Eris (planetula)|Eris]] vocatur.
** Corpora nubis Oortis, quae utrum exstet necne nondum certa est, orbitas inter 50.&thinsp;000 et 100.000&thinsp000 [[ua]] habent. Haec regio origo comentarum periodi orbitalis longi habetur.
** Corporis caelestis [[90377 Sedna]]e, quod inventum est anno [[2003]], orbita valde excentrica inter 76 et 850 ua est. Idcirco neque membrum cinguli Kuiperi neque nubis Oortis esse videtur etsi inventores putant Sednam esse primum corpus illius nubis.
* Parvum pulveris est per totum ordinem solarem et phaenomenon ''lumen zodiacalis'' ob hunc pulverem efficitur.
 
[[Iuppiter (planeta)|Iuppiter]] maximam partem [[massa]]e systematis solaris extra Solem habet: 0,1% centesimas massae totius ordinis solaris.<!--PLUS IN EN:-->
 
== Vide etiam ==
* [[Colonizatio spatii]]
* [[Celestia]], "3D computer space-simulation program"
* [[Exemplar systematis solaris]]
* [[Exploratio spatii]]
* [[Family Portrait]] in Voyager
* [[Geocentrismus]]
* [[Index corporum systematis solaris secundum massam]]
* [[Index corporum systematis solaris secundum radium]]
*[[Mnemonicum planetarium]]
* [[Orrerium]] <!--Mechanical model of solar system-->
* [[Periodon orbitale]]
* [[PioneerPeriodon 10orbitale]]
* [[Pioneer 1110]]
* [[ProgrammaPioneer Voyager11]]
* [[SignaProgramma astronomicaVoyager]]
*[[Signa astronomica]]
* [[Systema solare in fictione]] <!-- +
Geological features of the solar system
New Horizons
Numerical model of solar system
Planetary mnemonic
U.S. Space Exploration History on U.S. Stamps -->
 
== Fontes Notae==
<div class="references-small"><references/></div>
 
=== Notae =Bibliographia==
*Beatty, J. K., C. Collins Petersen, et A. Chaikin [[1999]]. ''The New Solar System.'' Cambridge University Press. Sky Publishing Corporation. ISBN 0-933346-86-7.
<references />
*Brahic, André. [[2001]]. ''Planètes & satellites, cinq leçons d'astronomie.'' Editions Vuibert. ISBN 2-7117-5287-9.
*Brunier, Serge. [[1994]]. ''Reise durch das Sonnensystem.'' Braunschweig: Westermann.
*Brunier, Serge. [[1996]]. ''Voyage dans le système solaire.'' Editions Bordas. ISBN 2-04-027141-4.
* Chrysostomou, A., et P. W. Lucas. [[2005]]. [http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005ConPh..46...29C. "The Formation of Stars."] ''Contemporary Physics'' 46: 29. doi:10.1080/0010751042000275277. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005ConPh..46...29C.
* ZelliDasch, Michael ZellikPat. [[20022004]]. ''Astronomy:Icy Theworlds Evolvingof Universethe solar system.'' Ed. 9a. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-8009064048-0. OCLC 46685453 223304585 466854532.
* Delsanti, Audrey, et David Jewitt. [[2006]]. [http://web.archive.org/web/20070129151907 "The Solar System Beyond The Planets."] Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii. http://web.archive.org/web/20070129151907/[http://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/faculty/jewitt/papers/2006/DJ06.pdf Institute for Astronomy,] University of Hawaii.
*Encrenaz, Thérèse. [[2005]]. ''Système Solaire, Systèmes Stellaires.'' Edition Quai des sciences. ISBN 2-10-048726-4.
*Gürtler, Joachim, et Johann Dorschner. [[1993]]. ''Das Sonnensystem: Wissenschaftliche Schriften zur Astronomie.'' Lipsiae, Berolini, Heidelberg: Barth. ISBN 3-335-00281-4.
*Heller, C. H. [[1993]]. Encounters with protostellar disks. I - Disk tilt and the nonzero solar obliquity ''ApJ'' 408: 337.
*Kroupa, Pavel. [[1995]]. The dynamical properties of stellar systems in the Galactic disc. ''MNRAS'' 277: 1507.
* Królikowska, M. [[2001]]. [http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001A%26A...376..316K "A study of the original orbits of hyperbolic comets."] ''Astronomy & Astrophysics'' 376 (1): 316–324. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20010945. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001A%26A...376..316K.
*Levasseur-Regourd, Any-Chantal, André Brahic, Thérèse Encrenaz, François Forget, Marc Ollivier, et Sylvie Vauclair. [[2009]]. ''Système solaire et planètes.'' Editions ellipses. ISBN 978-2-7298-4048-6.
* Levison, Harold F., et Alessandro Morbidelli. [[2003]]. "The formation of the Kuiper belt by the outward transport of bodies during Neptune’s migration." http://www.obs-nice.fr/morby/stuff/NATURE.pdf.
* Levison, Harold F., et Martin J. Duncan. [[1997]]. "From the Kuiper Belt to Jupiter-Family Comets: The Spatial Distribution of Ecliptic Comets." ''Icarus'' 1(127):13–32. doi:10.1006/icar.1996.5637. [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WGF-45M91DF-24&_user=10&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=6fa927eab9338038f6678e6fd538d2f5 "From the Kuiper Belt to Jupiter-Family Comets: The Spatial Distribution of Ecliptic Comets."] Retrieved''Icarus'' 2008-07-181(127):13–32. doi:10.1006/icar.1996.5637.
*MacPherson, Glenn J. [[2008]]. ''Oxygen in the solar system.'' Chantilly: Mineralogical Society of America. ISBN 978-0-939950-80-5.
*Milone, Eugene F., et William J. Wilson. [[2008]]. ''Solar system astrophysics.'' Novi Eboraci: Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-73153-7.
* Petit, J.-M., A. Morbidelli, et J. Chambers. [[2001]]. [http://www.gps.caltech.edu/classes/ge133/reading/asteroids.pdf "The Primordial Excitation and Clearing of the Asteroid Belt."] ''Icarus'' 153:338–347. doi:10.1006/icar.2001.6702. http://www.gps.caltech.edu/classes/ge133/reading/asteroids.pdf.
* Placxo, Kevin W., et Michel Gross. [[2006]]. ''Astrobiology: a brief introduction.'' JHU Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8367-5. [http://books.google.com/?id=2JuGDL144BEC&pg=PA66&dq=inventory+volatiles+hydrogen&q=inventory%20volatiles%20hydrogen. *Whipple,''Astrobiology: Fred.a Lbrief introduction. ([[1992'']]) [[2004]]JHU Press. "TheISBN activities of comets related to their aging and origin978-0-8018-8367-5." http://www.springerlink.com/content/x0358l71h463w246.
*Tavel, Jonathan. [[2005]]. ''Voyage au coeur du Système solaire.'' Edition viaMedias. ISBN 2-84964-037-9.
*Vaas, Rüdiger, Thorsten Dambeck, Thomas Bürke, et Peter Veit. [[2007]]. ''Das neue Sonnensystem.'' Liber audiendi in audio-CD. Martio. Komplett Media. ISBN 3-8312-6180-6.
*Whipple, Fred. L. ([[1992]]) [[2004]]. [http://www.springerlink.com/content/x0358l71h463w246 "The activities of comets related to their aging and origin."]
* Woolfson, M. [[2000]]. "The origin and evolution of the solar system." ''Astronomy & Geophysics'' 41(1):12. doi:10.1046/j.1468-4004.2000.00012.x.
*Zelli, Michael Zellik. [[2002]]. ''Astronomy: The Evolving Universe.'' Ed. 9a. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-80090-0. OCLC 46685453 223304585 46685453.
* Zirker, Jack B. [[2002]]. ''Journey from the Center of the Sun.'' Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-05781-1.
 
==Nexus externi==
=== Bibliographia ===
*[http://www.nineplanets.org/overview.html "An Overview of the Solar System,".] apud http://www.nineplanets.org/overview.html.
* Chrysostomou, A., et P. W. Lucas. [[2005]]. "The Formation of Stars." ''Contemporary Physics'' 46: 29. doi:10.1080/0010751042000275277. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005ConPh..46...29C.
*[http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/append7.html#DwarfPlanets "Dwarf Planets and their Systems".] (Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN)., U.S. Geological Survey. 2008-11-07. http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/append7.html#DwarfPlanets.)
* Delsanti, Audrey, et David Jewitt. [[2006]]. "The Solar System Beyond The Planets" Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii. http://web.archive.org/web/20070129151907/http://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/faculty/jewitt/papers/2006/DJ06.pdf.
* "Dwarf Planets and their Systems". Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN). U.S. Geological Survey. 2008-11-07. http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/append7.html#DwarfPlanets.
* Królikowska, M. [[2001]]. "A study of the original orbits of hyperbolic comets." ''Astronomy & Astrophysics'' 376 (1): 316–324. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20010945. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001A%26A...376..316K.
* Levison, Harold F., et Alessandro Morbidelli. [[2003]]. "The formation of the Kuiper belt by the outward transport of bodies during Neptune’s migration." http://www.obs-nice.fr/morby/stuff/NATURE.pdf.
* Levison, Harold F., et Martin J. Duncan. [[1997]]. "From the Kuiper Belt to Jupiter-Family Comets: The Spatial Distribution of Ecliptic Comets." ''Icarus'' 1(127):13–32. doi:10.1006/icar.1996.5637. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WGF-45M91DF-24&_user=10&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=6fa927eab9338038f6678e6fd538d2f5. Retrieved 2008-07-18.
* "An Overview of the Solar System". http://www.nineplanets.org/overview.html.
* Petit, J.-M., A. Morbidelli, et J. Chambers. [[2001]]. "The Primordial Excitation and Clearing of the Asteroid Belt." ''Icarus'' 153:338–347. doi:10.1006/icar.2001.6702. http://www.gps.caltech.edu/classes/ge133/reading/asteroids.pdf.
* Placxo, Kevin W., et Michel Gross. [[2006]]. ''Astrobiology: a brief introduction.'' JHU Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8367-5. http://books.google.com/?id=2JuGDL144BEC&pg=PA66&dq=inventory+volatiles+hydrogen&q=inventory%20volatiles%20hydrogen. *Whipple, Fred. L. ([[1992]]) [[2004]]. "The activities of comets related to their aging and origin." http://www.springerlink.com/content/x0358l71h463w246.
* Woolfson, M. [[2000]]. "The origin and evolution of the solar system." ''Astronomy & Geophysics'' 41(1):12. doi:10.1046/j.1468-4004.2000.00012.x.
* Zelli, Michael Zellik. [[2002]]. ''Astronomy: The Evolving Universe.'' Ed. 9a. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-80090-0. OCLC 46685453 223304585 46685453.
* Zirker, Jack B. [[2002]]. ''Journey from the Center of the Sun.'' Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-05781-1.
 
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