Quantum redactiones paginae "Micronesia" differant

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[[Fasciculus:Micronesian Cultural Area.png|thumb|Tabula MicronesiensisMicronesiae.]]
'''Micronesia''' (ex Graeca {{polytonic|μικρός}} 'parvus' et {{polytonic|νῆσος}} 'insula', in Latinitate mediaevali: ''Insulae '''Ladrones''')'' est regio insularis geographica culturalisque, quae permultas insulas corallinas minores in [[Oceanus Pacificus|Oceano Pacifico]] amplectitur. Micronesia [[Philippinae|Philippinas]] inter septentriones et occasum solis spectat, [[Indonesia]]m, [[Papua Nova Guinea|Papuam Novam Guineam]], et [[Melanesia]]m ad occidentem et regionem australem, et [[Polynesia]]m ad meridiem et orientem. Terminus ''Micronesia'' anno [[1831]] a [[Jules Dumont d'Urville]] primum propositus est, sed etiam antea Micronesiae recentis saltem insulae occidentales in Latinitate mediaevali sub nomine ''Insulae '''Ladrones''''' indicatae erant.
[[Fasciculus:Ulithi-atoll.gif|thumb|[[Ulithi]], [[atollum]] in [[Insulae Carolinianae|Insulis Carolinianis]] situm.]]
[[Fasciculus:Micronesian Cultural Area.png|thumb|Tabula Micronesiensis]]
'''Micronesia''' (ex Graeca {{polytonic|μικρός}} 'parvus' et {{polytonic|νῆσος}} 'insula'), incuius [[Latinitas|Latinitate]] mediaevali:[[Renascentia]]e ''Insulaepartes '''Insulae Ladrones''')'' appellabantur, est [[regio]] insularis[[insula]]ris [[geographia|geographica]] culturalisque[[cultura]]lisque, quae permultas insulas corallinas[[curalium|curalii]] minores in [[Oceanus Pacificus|Oceano Pacifico]] amplectitur. Micronesia [[Philippinae|Philippinas]] inter septentriones[[septentrio]]nes et occasum solis spectat[[sol]]is, [[Indonesia]]m, [[Papua Nova Guinea|Papuam Novam Guineam]], et [[Melanesia]]m ad [[occidens|occidentem]] et regionem [[meridies|australem]], etatque [[Polynesia]]m ad meridiem et [[oriens|orientem]] patet. Terminus ''Micronesia'' anno [[1831]] a [[JulesIulius Dumont d'Urville]] primum propositus est, sed etiam antea Micronesiae recentis saltem insulae occidentales in Latinitate mediaevali sub nomine ''Insulae '''Ladrones''''' indicatae erant.
[[Fasciculus:Ulithi-atoll.gif|thumb|[[Ulithi]], atollum in [[Insulae Carolinianae|Insulis Carolinianis]]]]
== Geographia et historia ==
Regio consistit exin compluribus insulis per aequorem vastum [[Oceanus Pacificus|Pacifici occidentalis]] sparsis consistit. Solus regionis imperium de quo novimus fuit [[Yap]].
In rebus civilibus, Micronesia divisa est in [[octo]] [[civitas sui iuris|civitates]] et territoria:
* [[Foederatae Micronesiae Civitates|Micronesiae Civitates Foederatae]]
* [[Guama]]
* [[Nauru]]
* [[Belavia]] (Palau)
* [[Wake (insula)|Wake]] <!--
Much of the area was to come under European domination quite early. [[Guam]], the [[Northern Marianas]], and the [[Caroline Islands]] (what would later become the FSM and Palau) were colonized early by the Spanish. These island territories were part of the [[Spanish East Indies]] and governed from Spanish [[Philippines]] since the early 17th century until 1898. Full European expansion did not come, however, until the early 20th century, when the area would be divided between:
* the [[United States]], which took control of Guam following the [[Spanish-American War]] of 1898, and colonized Wake Island;
* [[German Empire|Germany]], which took Nauru and bought the Marshall, Caroline, and Northern Mariana Islands from Spain; and
* the [[British Empire]], which took the [[Gilbert Islands]] (Kiribati).
During the [[World War I|First World War]], Germany's Pacific island territories were taken from it and were made into [[League of Nations Mandate]]s. Nauru became an [[Australia]]n mandate, while Germany's other territories were given as mandates to [[Japan]]. This remained the situation until Japan's defeat in the Second World War, when its mandates became a [[United Nations]] [[Trusteeship]] ruled by the United States, the [[Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands]].
Today, all of Micronesia (with the exceptions of Guam and Wake Island, which are U.S. territories, and the Northern Mariana Islands, which is a U.S. Commonwealth) are independent states.-->
The people today form many ethnicities, but are all descended from and belong to the Micronesian culture. The Micronesian culture was one of the last native cultures of the region to develop. It developed from a mixture of [[Melanesians]], [[Filipino people | Filipinos]] and [[Polynesians]].
Because of this mixture of descent, many of the ethnicities of Micronesia, feel closer to some groups in [[Melanesia]], [[Polynesia]] or the [[Philippines]]. A good example of this are the [[Yapese]] who are related to [[Austronesian]] tribes in the Northern [[Philippines]].-->
The native languages of the various Micronesian [[indigenous peoples]] are classified under the [[Austronesian languages|Austronesian language]] family. Almost all of these languages belong to the [[Oceanic languages|Oceanic]] subgroup of this family; however, two exceptions are noted in Western Micronesia, which belong to the [[Western Malayo-Polynesian languages|Western Malayo-Polynesian]] subgroup:
* [[Chamorro language|Chamorro]], [[Tanapag]] and [[Carolinian language|Carolinian]] in the [[Mariana Islands]],
* [[Palauan language|Palauan]] in [[Palau]].
This latter subgroup also includes most languages spoken today in the [[Philippines]], [[Malaysia]], and [[Indonesia]] (Kirch, 2000: pp. 166-167).
On the eastern edge of the Federated States of Micronesia, the languages [[Nukuoro language|Nukuoro]] and [[Kapingamarangi language|Kapingamarangi]] represent an extreme westward extension of [[Polynesian languages|Polynesian]].-->
== Fons ==
* [[Patricius Vinton|Vinton, Patricius]]. [[2000]]. ''On the Road of the Winds: An Archaeological History of the Pacific Islands before European Contact.'' BerkeleyBerkeleiae: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-22347-0. Praecipue paginis 166–167.
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