Quantum redactiones paginae "Plantae" differant

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'''Plantae''' {{victio|planta|arum|f}} in [[biologia]] hodierna sunt [[organismus|organismi]] vivi qui ad [[regnum (taxinomia)|regnum]] Plantarum pertinent. Exempla familiaria sunt [[arbor]]es, [[herba]]s, [[frutex|frutices]], [[gramen|gramina]], [[vitis|vites]], [[filix|filices]], [[muscus|musci]], et [[alga viridis|algae virides]]. [[Botanice]], [[scientia]] quae plantas investigat, circa 350 000 [[species (taxinomia)|species]] plantarum exstantium agnoscit, in gregibus [[Spermatophyta|Spermatophytorum]], [[Bryophyta|Bryophytorum]], [[Pteridophyta|Pteridophytorum]], et [[Lycopodiophyta|Lycopodiophytorum]] digestas. Ad usque annum [[2004]], 287 655 species inventae erant, quarum 258 650 sunt spermatophyta et 18 000 bryophyta. Plantae virides, aliquando [[Viridiplanta]]e appellatae, plurimum suae [[energia]]e ex [[lux|luce]] per [[chloroplastum|chloroplasta]] ratione [[photosynthesis|photosynthesi]] capiunt.
 
Per aetates res quae plantae habentur se aliquanto [[evolutio|evolverunt]]. Primitus [[Carolus Linnaeus]] anno [[1735]] sola dua regna viva definivit: [[Animalia]] et [[Vegetabilia]]. [[Ernestus Haeckel]] tunc plantas ab [[protistum|protistis]] distinxit, sed usque annum [[1938]], [[biologia|biologi]] putabant plantas [[fungi|fungos]], [[lichen]]es, [[alga]]s, et alia comprehendere. Post autem annum [[1969]], descriptio [[Robertus Whittaker|Roberti Whittaker]] plerumque accepta est, ubi fungi et algi excluduntur.
 
Secundum consuetudinem hodiernam, inclusi{{dubsig}}comprehensi in regno plantarum sunt soli [[organismus|organismi]] qui simul sunt [[multicellularis|multicellulares]]: [[eukaryota|eukaryotici]], et [[autotrophia|autotropici]], per chloroplasta lucem capientes. Excluduntur organismi unicellulares qui ad regna [[Protistum|Protistorum]], [[Bacterium|Bacteriorum]], vel [[Archaeum|Archeorum]] pertinent, et organismi [[hetertrophia|heterotrophici]], qui ad regna [[Animalia|Animalium]] vel [[Fungi|Fungorum]] pertinent.
 
== Cellulae vegetabiles ==
Plantarum [[cellula]]e ab [[animal]]ium cellulis differunt propter proprietates sequentes:
* [[paries cellularis|pariem cellularem]] praesentem,<!--propter pariem-->
* [[Plastidium|plastidia]] praesentia,
* [[Vacuolum|vacuola]] praesentia,
* [[dictyosoma]]ta plura praesentia (in vice unius [[Complexus Golgianus|complexus Golgiani]] [[Animalia|Animalium]]),
* [[lysosoma]]ta absentia (quorum munere vacuola funguntur),
* [[Centriolum|centriola]] absentia.
 
== Principalia [[Taxinomia|taxinomica]] Plantarum taxa ==
* [[Regnum (taxinomia)|regnum]]: Plantae
* [[Divisio (taxinomia)|divisio]]
* [[Classis (taxinomia)|classis]] et [[classis (taxinomia)|subclassis]]
* [[Subclassis (taxinomia)|subclassis]]
* [[Ordo (taxinomia)|ordo]]
* [[Familia (taxinomia)|familia]]
* [[Species (taxinomia)|species]]
 
== Systema regni plantarum ==
=== Embryophyta ===
[[Fasciculus:Dandelion Blackwell 0136.jpg|thumb|250x|''[[Taraxacum]],'' in libro ''Collectio stirpium: Quae in pharmacopoliis ad medicum asservantur, quarum descriptio et vires'' (Herbarium Blackwellianum emendato et aucto).]]
** divisio [[Bryophyta]]
*** subdivisio [[Magnoliophytina]] (vel [[Angiospermae]])
 
Saepe Spermatophytum collectioconlectio non tantum divisio, sed superdivisio censetur, quia hodierni doctores recognoscuntagnoscunt in evolutionis[[evolutio]]nis [[historia]] multiplices Spermatophytum origines exsistere.
 
== Vide etiam ==
* [[Biosphaera]]
* [[Biota]]
* [[Perceptio plantarum (physiologia)]]
* [[Sensor foliarius]]<!--Anglice: Leaf sensor-->
* [[Veronica (planta)]]
 
== Pinacotheca ==
<gallery>
FileFasciculus:Borassus flabellifer.jpg|''[[Borassus flabellifer]]''
FileFasciculus:GntTaatiFruit.jpg|Fructus ''[[Borassus flabellifer|Borassi floabelliferiflabelliferi]]'' (in loco Thaati Munjelu appellati) in foro in Guntur [[India]]e vendundati.
FileFasciculus:Turmericroot.jpg|[[Rhizoma]] ''[[Curcuma longa]]e''
FileFasciculus:Starr 050407-6233 Ipomoea batatas.jpg|''[[Ipomoea batatas]]'' in [[Hortus Botanicus Maui Nui|Horto Botanico Maui Nui]]
FileFasciculus:Pandan wangi.JPG|''[[Pandanus amaryllifolius]]''
FileFasciculus:California Papaya ID.jpg|California''[[Carica Papayapapaya]]'' cultivarietas 'California'
FileFasciculus:Papaya sunset.jpg|''[[Carica papaya]]'', cultivarcultivarietas 'Sunset'
FileFasciculus:Prepared lemon grass.JPG|''[[Cymbopogon citratus]]'', lemon grass, oil grass
FileFasciculus:Bangkuang 070612-056 stgd.jpg|''[[Pachyrhizus erosus]],'' bulb-root[[cormus]]. Situgede, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
FileFasciculus:KIKU brak-ontree.JPG|Fuji''[[Malus]],'' (apple)cultivarietas 'Fuji'
FileFasciculus:SauropusAndrogynus.jpg|Sprouting shoots ofSurculi ''[[Sauropus androgynus|Sauropus androgyni]]''
FileFasciculus:Ilaneer.jpg|''[[Cocos nucifera]]''
</gallery>
 
== Nexus externi Bibliographia==
[[Fasciculus:VFT ne1.JPG|thumb|''[[Dionaea muscipula]],'' species [[planta carnivora|plantae carnivorae]].]]
;
Generalia:
* Evans, L. T. [[1998]]. ''Feeding the Ten Billion: Plants and Population Growth.'' Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-64685-5.
*Judd, W. S., C. S. Campbell, E. A. Kellogg, P. F. Stevens, et M. J. Donoghue. [[2002]]. An Overview of Green Plant Phylogeny. In ''Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach.'' Ed. 2a. Sinauer Assoc.
* Kenrick, Paul, et Peter R. Crane. [[1997]]. ''The Origin and Early Diversification of Land Plants: A Cladistic Study.'' Vasingtoniae: Smithsonian Institution Press. ISBN 1-56098-730-8.
* Raven, Peter H., Ray F. Evert, et Susan E. Eichhorn. [[2005]]. ''Biology of Plants.'' Ed. 7a. Novi Eboraci: W. H. Freeman and Company. ISBN 0-7167-1007-2.
*Sitte, Peter, Elmar Weiler, Joachim W. Kadereit, Andreas Bresinsky, er Christian Körner. [[2002]]. ''Lehrbuch der Botanik für Hochschulen,'' 35a,<!--?--> Eduard Strasburger. Heidelberg: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag. ISBN 3-8274-1010-X.
* Taylor, Thomas N., et Edith L. Taylor. [[1993]]. ''The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants.'' Englewood Cliffs, Novae Caesareae: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-651589-4.
*Trewavas, A. [[2003]]. [http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/92/1/1 Aspects of Plant Intelligence,] ''Annals of Botany'' 92:1–20
 
;Aestimationes et numeri specierum:
* International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Species Survival Commission [[2004]]. [[IUCN Red List]] [http://www.iucnredlist.org/].
* Prance, G. T. [[2001]]. Discovering the Plant World. ''Taxon'' 50:345
 
==Nexus externi==
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=w0hZvTFJUioC&printsec=frontcover&dq=botanical+latin#PPA74,M1 ''Botanical Latin,'' a Gulielmo Thoma Stearn scripto, apud Google Books]
* [http://taxonomicon.taxonomy.nl/TaxonTree.aspx?id=1005399 ''Taxonomicon'']
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