Quantum redactiones paginae "Genocidium" differant

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[[File:The Genocide Word by Raphael Lemkin.ogv|thumb|300px|The origin of the word genocide]]
'''Generis occidio''' est systematica considerataque [[populus|populi]], [[gens|gentis]], religionis[[religio]]nis, vel [[civitas|civitatis]] exstinctio.<!--
 
Precise [[genocide definitions|definition varies among genocide scholars]]. A [[legal]] definition is found in the 1948 [[United Nations]] [[Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide]]. Article 2, of this convention defines genocide as "any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a [[nation]]al, [[ethnicity|ethnical]], [[Race (classification of human beings)|racial]] or [[religion|religious]] group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life, calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; [and] forcibly transferring children of the group to another group."<ref>Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. ''Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.'' http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/p_genoci.htm.</ref>-->
 
== Excogitatio termini ==
''Genocide'' vox [[Lingua Anglica|Anglica]] anno [[1943]] excogitata a [[Raphael Lemkin|Raphaele Lemkin]] (1900–1959) est, viro [[Polonia|Polono]] [[Iudaea|Iudaeo]]que legis prudens, apud [[Holocaustum]], ex verbo [[Lingua Graeca|Graeco]] ''génos'' (idem e quo [[Latine]] ''[[genus]]'') et radice [[Latina]] ''-cid-'' ex ''occidere'' (vicissim e ''caedere''), exemplo verbi ''homicidium'' (''hominem occidere'').
 
In ''Noah'' ([[1933]]), Lemkin scripsit commentarium "''Crime of Barbarity''" (''Crimen crudelitatis''), qui generis occidionem depinxit maleficium contra ius inter civitates. Haec maleficii notio, quae non ita multo post facta est notio generis occidionis, orta est in historia [[Assyrii|Assyriorum]] trucidatorum in [[Caedes apud Simele|caede apud Simele]] in [[Iraquia]] die [[11 Augusti]] [[1933]]. In animo Lemkin, hic casus "memorias [[Caedes Armeniana|caedis Armenianae]]" per [[Bellum Orbis Terrarum I]] evocavit.
Ad Consilium Legitimum [[Societas Civitatum|Societatis Civitatum]] [[Matritum|Matriti]] eodem anno primam rogationem ut tales "actus [[saevitia]]e" interdicantur obtulit, sed a gubernatione [[Polonia|Polonica]] (tunc [[Germania]]m [[Nazi]]stam placante) condemnata, rogatio defecit.<ref name="Euro">[http://www.europaworld.org/issue40/raphaellemkin22601.htm Raphael Lemkin] - EuropeWorld, 22/6/2001.</ref> Anno 1948 [[Conventio de Prohibitione Cohercitioneque Criminum Genocidii]] decreta est contra genocidium ac [[Iudicium Internationale Criminale]] genocidium [[crimen contra humanitatem]] definit.
 
== Vide etiam ==
* [[Argentaria (Bosnia)]]
* [[Belli scelus]]
* [[Bellum Darfurense]]
* [[Caedes Bosniensis]]
* [[Castra carceralia]]
* [[CriminaCrimen contra humanitatem]]
* [[Culturae occidio]] ([[Anglice]] ''culturecide'')
* [[Holocaustum]]
* [[International Association of Genocide Scholars|Societas Internationalis Studiosorum Generis Occidionis]]
* [[Iudicia Norimbergensia]]
* [[Iudicium Criminale inter Gentes pro Iugoslavia Pristina]]
* [[Crimina contra humanitatem]]
* [[Mundi iurisdictio]] (Anglice ''universal jurisdiction'')
* [[Populi occidio]] (Anglice ''ethnocide'')
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